[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) is implicated in cell growth and malignant transformation. TCTP has been found to interact directly with the third cytoplasmic domain of the α subunit of Na,K-ATPase, but whether this interaction has a role in tumorigenesis is unclear. In this study, we examined TCTP-induced tumor progression signaling networks in human breast epithelial cells, using adenoviral infection. We found that TCTP (a) induces Src release from Na,K-ATPase α subunit and Src activation; (b) phosphorylates tyrosine residues 845, 992, 1086, 1148 and 1173 on anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR); (c) activates PI3K (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase )-AKT, Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK1/2, Rac-PAK1/2, MKK3/6-p38 and phospholipase C (PLC)-γ pathways; (d) enhances NADPH oxidase-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation; (e) stimulates cytoskeletal remodeling and cell motility and (f) upregulates matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 3 and 13. These findings suggest that TCTP induces tumorigenesis through distinct multicellular signaling pathways involving Src-dependent EGFR transactivation, ROS generation and MMP expression.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inhibition of Na,K-ATPase causes opacification of the lens through abnormal increases in sodium and calcium levels, disturbed osmotic equilibrium, activation of proteolytic enzymes and cell damage. We previously identified Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein (TCTP) as a cytoplasmic repressor of Na,K-ATPase and confirmed that systemic hypertension is induced in transgenic mice over-expressing TCTP through inhibition of vascular Na,K-ATPase and increased intracellular calcium mobilization. In the current study, we confirmed the role of TCTP in causing intracellular calcium mobilization by inhibiting Na,K-ATPase in a human lens epithelial cell line and further showed that some of the TCTP-transgenic mice develop cataracts with an incidence rate of 7.38% compared to 1.47% in controls. We demonstrated that TCTP acts as a cataractogenic factor through the repression of Na,K-ATPase activity and calcium mobilization in lens epithelial cells.
No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Transgenic Research