Publications (2)4.86 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Asthma is a common chronic disease affecting patients' health status and quality of life. Although recent guidelines focus on asthma control, asthma remains poorly controlled in many patients even under specialist care. Asthma Control Test™ (ACT) is a short, simple, patient-based tool that provides consistent assessment of asthma. The aim of this study was to estimate the relationship of ACT with objective measures of lung function and inflammation such as forced expiratory volume in 1st second (FEV(1)) and exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in outpatients admitted for initial diagnosis of asthma and at follow-up. One hundred and sixty (104 women and 56 men, mean age 39.7 ± 16.6 years) asthmatic patients with newly diagnosed asthma were included in the study. Patients completed the ACT questionnaire and underwent a detailed clinical examination, FeNO measurement, and prebronchodilator spirometry before (visit 1) and 4-12 weeks after initiation of treatment (visit 2). At visit 1, the mean ACT score was 21.27 ± 3.74. According to ACT score, 37 patients (23.1%) were completely controlled, 85 patients (53.1%) were partly controlled, and 38 patients (23.8%) were uncontrolled. Patients with uncontrolled asthma had statistically higher FeNO values than patients with partly controlled (p = .038) and completely controlled asthma (p = .016). ACT score was found to have a positive correlation with prebronchodilator %FEV(1) (r = 0.177, p = .025) and negative correlation with FeNO ( r = -0.211, p = .007). At visit 2, the mean ACT score was 23.00 ± 2.19. The change in ACT score between the two visits was significantly correlated to changes in FEV(1) (r = 0.538, p < .001) and in FeNO (r = -0.466, p < .001). Patients treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) showed significant improvement in FEV(1) and in ACT score and a decrease in FeNO compared with patients without ICS treatment. Although FEV(1) remains the main objective parameter for evaluating asthma, ACT score was found to reflect lung function and inflammation in a Greek asthmatic population.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of pleurodesis in malignant pleural effusions is to prevent reaccumulation of the fluid, symptoms, and avoid the need for repeated hospitalization for thoracentesis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of erythromycin as a pleural sclerosing agent. Over a 2-year period, 34 patients with a symptomatic, recurrent, malignant pleural effusion who referred for chest tube drainage and pleurodesis were included. They had not received prior intrapleural therapy and had predicted survival of at least 1 month. All underwent pleural drainage and chemical pleurodesis with erythromycin. Complications and response to pleurodesis, according to clinical and radiographic criteria after 90 days, were recorded. The overall response was 88.2%. Complete response (no reaccumulation of pleural fluid after 90 days) was observed in 27 patients (79.4%). Partial response (reaccumulation of fluid but without symptoms, not requiring drainage) was observed in 3 (8.8%). No response (symptomatic reaccumulation of fluid that required drainage) was observed in 4 (11.8%). All patients experienced pleurodynia that was treated with administration of paracetamol and/or dextropropoxyphene. Sinus tachycardia and concurrent mild systemic hypertension were observed 2 and 4 hours after pleurodesis. Both of them were attributed to pleurodynia as there was remission with analgesics. This study suggests that erythromycin is effective and safe as a sclerosing agent for pleurodesis in patients with recurrent malignant pleural effusions.
Aristotle University of ThessalonikiSaloníki, Central Macedonia, Greece