[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Familial adenomatous polyposis is a hereditary disease characterized by the presence of thousands of colonic adenomas, which, if untreated, invariably undergo malignant transformation. Because this disease manifests at a young age, the laparoscopic approach to perform surgery would be desirable due to its cosmetic benefits. We describe our experience with this procedure and review the literature on the topic.
This is a case series of 15 patients who underwent restorative proctocolectomy with ileo-anal pouch anastomosis for familial adenomatous polyposis between 2000 and 2007. The salient operative steps are described.
There were 9 males and 6 females, 32 to 52 years of age, with an average age of 44.8 years. The median body mass index was 21.5 (range, 17 to 28). Rectal cancer was already present in 4 patients at the time of diagnosis. The median operating time was 225 minutes. Mean blood loss was 60 mL, with none of the patients requiring perioperative blood transfusion. None of the surgeries required conversion to the open approach. Bowel function resumed on the second postoperative day in 12 patients and on the third postoperative day in 3 patients. The median hospital stay was 8 days. Postoperatively, there was no mortality and no serious morbidity.
Laparoscopic restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis is a feasible surgery for familial adenomatous polyposis, and considering its cosmetic benefit, is a desirable option for this group of predominantly young patients.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2008 · JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to present our experience of laparoscopic total mesorectal resection, including ultralow resection and coloanal anastomosis.
Between 1993 and 2005, patients fit for general anesthesia, with resectable cancers, and with lower edge of tumor beyond 5 cm of the anal verge were subjected to laparoscopic anterior resection with sphincter preservation. Double stapling technique is used to establish bowel continuity.
A total of 170 patients, 88 males and 82 females, were subjected to successful laparoscopic anterior resection, which included high anterior resection (n=90), low anterior resection (n=52), ultralow anterior resection (n=20), and coloanal anastomosis (n=8). The average age of patients was 58.4 years (12-90 years). Mean operating time was 130 min and mean hospital stay was 7 days. The morbidity was 13.5% with nil mortality. With an average follow-up of 49 months (range 9 years to 3 months), 9 patients developed local recurrence and 45 patients developed distant metastasis.
In selected cases, laparoscopic anterior resection is possible for all levels of rectal tumors, allowing sphincter preservation and maintaining oncological safety.
No preview · Article · May 2007 · International Journal of Colorectal Disease
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Though laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for benign conditions was first described in the early 1990s, it has not become as popular as other laparoscopic surgeries. Published literature on this topic consists of several case reports and a handful of small series. We present our experience, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the largest series reported to date.
Since 1998, 22 patients have undergone distal pancreatectomy at our institute. The technique of distal pancreatosplenectomy, as well as spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy, is described.
Four males and 18 females in the age range of 12-69 years underwent operation. Splenic preservation was possible in 7 patients. The tumor diameter ranged from 2.1 cm to 7.4 cm. The mean operating time was 215 min. The mean length of incision required for specimen retrieval was 3.4 cm. All patients were started on a liquid diet on the first postoperative day. The median hospital stay was 4 days. One patient developed a pancreatic fistula that was managed conservatively. At the end of an average follow-up of 4.6 years, no recurrence has been reported.
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy is a safe procedure, with minimal morbidity, rapid recovery, and short hospital stay. In appropriate cases, splenic preservation is feasible.
No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Surgical Endoscopy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Since the performance of the first laparoscopic cardiomyotomy for achalasia cardia in 1991, the popularity of the minimally invasive approach for this troublesome disease has been growing. We present our experience of 226 patients who underwent laparoscopic cardiomyotomy and discuss the relevant issues.
A retrospective analysis was carried out of 226 patients who have undergone laparoscopic cardiomyotomy since 1993. The preoperative workup, surgical technique, and postoperative management are described.
Patients included 146 males and 80 females; average age was 36.4 years (range, 6 to 85). Mean duration of symptoms was 1.4 years. Nearly half of the patients (112) had undergone prior pneumatic dilatation. In 20 patients, myotomy alone was done, 44 patients had a Dor's fundoplication, and 162 had Toupet's fundoplication. The average operating time was 96 minutes. Mean postoperative hospital stay was 2.2 days. Dysphagia was eliminated in 88.9% of the patients with an overall morbidity of 4.4% and nil mortality over a mean follow-up of 4.3 years.
Laparoscopic cardiomyotomy with Toupet's fundoplication is a safe and effective treatment of achalasia cardia. Dor's fundoplication is done selectively, especially when suspicion is present of mucosal injury.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2007 · JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hydatid disease, being endemic in several areas of the world, is of interest even to surgeons in non-endemic areas because they may encounter the disease due to ease and rapidity of travel as well as immigration. We describe a new device for laparoscopic management of hepatic hydatid disease.
The special trocar-cannula system--the Palanivelu hydatid system (PHS)--and the technique of operation are described. A total of 75 patients were operated on using this technique.
In 83.3% of patients, only evacuation of the hydatid cyst by the PHS was done. In 13.7%, this was followed by left lobectomy because the cysts were large, occupying almost the entire left lobe of the liver. The remnant cavity was dealt with by omentoplasty. The average follow-up period was 5.9 years, during which there were no recurrences.
PHS is successful in preventing spillage, evacuating the contents of hydatid cysts, performing transcystic fenestration, and for dealing with cyst-biliary communications.
No preview · Article · Jan 2007 · Surgical Endoscopy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This review article is a tribute to the genius of Professor Erich Muhe, a man ahead of his times. We trace the development of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and detail the tribulations faced by Muhe. On the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy, we take another look at some of the controversies surrounding this gold standard in the management of gallbladder disease.
No preview · Article · Jun 2006 · Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lateral pancreaticojejunostomy is considered as the standard surgery for chronic pancreatitis. Yet there are very few reports of this procedure being done laparoscopically. We present our experience with laparoscopic lateral pancreaticojejunostomy till date and describe our technique.
Since 1997, we have done 12 laparoscopic lateral pancreatojejunostomies. There were 9 females and 3 males and the average age was 29.3 years. The indication for surgery in all patients was intractable abdominal pain and significant weight loss. Additionally, two patients were also suffering from pancreatic ascites.
The average diameter of the pancreatic duct was 14.7 mm. We used a four-port technique. All surgeries were completed without any conversion to open surgery. Post-operatively, there were no major morbidity and nil mortality. The average operating time was 172 minutes. Post-operative stay was short (average 5 days) and on median follow-up of 4.4 years, 83.3% patients had complete pain relief while 16.7% had partial relief. All patients had significant weight gain.
Laparoscopic lateral pancreaticojejunostomy is safe, effective and feasible in experience hands. Mastery of intracorporeal knotting and suturing techniques is mandatory before embarking on this surgery.
No preview · Article · Apr 2006 · Surgical Endoscopy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hydatid disease is an endemic condition in several parts of the world. Owing to ease of travel, even surgeons in nonendemic areas encounter the disease and should be aware of its optimum treatment. A safe, new method of laparoscopic management of hepatic hydatid disease is described along with a review of the relevant literature.
Sixty-six cases of hepatic hydatid disease were operated on laparoscopically using the Palanivelu Hydatid System. The special trocar-cannula system used and the technique of operation are described.
The majority of the patients presented with pain. Most of the patients had only a single cyst. The right lobe of the liver was most commonly involved. Cysts were bilateral in 4 patients. In 83.3%, simply evacuation of the hydatid cyst by the Palanivelu Hydatid System was done. In 13.7%, this was followed by a left lobectomy, as the cysts were large occupying almost the entire left lobe of the liver. The remnant cavity was dealt with by omentoplasty. The average follow-up period is 5.8 years. There have been no recurrences to date.
We recommend Palanivelu Hydatid System for management of hepatic hydatid disease. We have found its efficacy to be optimum for preventing spillage, evacuating hydatid cyst contents, performing transcystic fenestration, and for dealing with cyst-biliary communications.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2005 · JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An abdominal cocoon is a rare condition in which the small bowel is encased in a membrane. The diagnosis is usually established at surgery. Here we describe the sonographic features of this condition.
Preview · Article · Aug 2003 · Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine