Karoline Gäbler

University of Greifswald, Griefswald, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany

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Publications (2)5.79 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Part of the innate defence of bronchial epithelia against bacterial colonization is secretion of salt and water which generally depends on coordinated actions of receptor-mediated cAMP- and calcium signalling. The hypothesis that Staphylococcus aureus-virulence factors interfere with endogenous signals in host cells was tested by measuring agonist-mediated changes in [Ca(2+)](i) in S9 cells upon pre-incubation with bacterial secretory products. S9 cells responded to mAChR-activation with calcium release from intracellular stores and capacitative calcium influx. Treatment of cells with culture supernatants of S. aureus (COL) or with recombinant alpha-hemolysin (Hla) resulted in time- and concentration-dependent changes in [Ca(2+)](i). High concentrations of Hla (2000 ng/ml) resulted in elevations in [Ca(2+)](i) elicited by accelerated calcium influx. A general Hla-mediated permeabilization of S9 cell membranes to small molecules, however, did not occur. Lower concentrations of Hla (200 ng/ml) induced a reduction in [Ca(2+)](i)-levels during the sustained plateau phase of receptor-mediated calcium signalling which was abolished by pre-incubation of cells with carboxyeosin, an inhibitor of the plasma membrane calcium-ATPase. This indicates that low concentrations of Hla change calcium signalling by accelerating pump-driven extrusion of Ca(2+) ions. In vivo, such a mechanism may result in attenuation of calcium-mediated cellular defence functions and facilitation of bacterial adherence to the bronchial epithelium.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2008 · Cell calcium
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    ABSTRACT: Mechanical clearance of inhaled dust particles and microorganisms is an important part of the innate defense mechanisms of mammalian airways. Airway epithelia are composed of various cell types with different degrees of cell polarity. Serous cells regulate composition and volume of luminal periciliary fluid and mucus. Autocrine, paracrine, or neuronal messengers determine the secretory and reabsorptive rates of electrolytes and water via cAMP-or inositol triphosphate/calcium-mediated intracellular signals. Comparison of the expression of calcium-mobilizing receptor types (G protein-coupled-, growth factor-, and cytokine receptors) in two types of human immortalized airway epithelial cells (S9, 16HBE14o-) revealed that receptor populations were qualitatively and quantitatively different in the two cell types. Sustained calcium signals were elicited by activation of purinergic receptors in 16HBE14o-cells or muscarinic acetylcholine or histamine receptors in S9 cells. These G protein-coupled receptors mobilized calcium from intracellular stores and activated capacitative calcium influx. The experimental cells may represent different types of original airway epithelial cells and seem to be suited as model cells to study cell signaling and protein expression during interaction with pathogens or their secretory products (e.g., virulence factors).
    No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research