[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lupin seed flour has been reported as a causative agent of allergic reactions, especially in patients with allergy to peanut. Previous studies have demonstrated that autoclave treatment can considerably reduce the allergenicity of lupins.
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of instantaneous controlled pressure drop (détente instantanée contrôlée, DIC) treatment on lupin in vitro allergenicity.
Lupin cotyledons were subjected to instantaneous controlled pressure drop at several pressure and time conditions (3, 4.5 and 6 bar for 1, 2 and 3 min, respectively). Immunoreactivity to raw and DIC-treated extracts was evaluated by Western blot using a serum pool from 19 sensitized patients.
Depending on the operating parameters used during DIC treatment, a reduction in protein solubility of lupin seed was observed. Moreover, drastic modifications in protein profiles were observed after DIC treatment by SDS-PAGE analysis. Western blot experiments showed that the decreases in IgE binding to lupin proteins were associated with the increases in steam pressure and time treatment, and binding was completely abolished by DIC at 6 bar for 3 min.
The results suggest that DIC treatment could produce a reduction in lupin allergenicity.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · International Archives of Allergy and Immunology