[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The infant and child mortality is an excellent summary index of the level of living and socio-economic development for any country. The aim is to determine socio-economic factors that affect infancy and childhood mortality. The result shows that neonatal mortality rates (NNMR), post-neonatal mortality rates (PNNMR) and infant mortality rates (IMR) are higher among illiterate reproductive mothers and of whom houses have unhygienic latrine. The Chi-square (2 χ) test result implies that mother's education, types of latrine and electricity have significant association with neonatal, post neonatal, infant and child mortality. Multivariate analysis results indicate that mother's education and occupation have momentous influence on mortality of post-neonatal period but in infant and child period, parents' education and occupation, types of latrine and electricity have significant effects on mortality. Therefore, education, sanitation facility as well as electrification of households need to be set absolute priority to reduce infant and child mortality in Bangladesh. Key words: Neonatal mortality rate (NNMR), post-neonatal mortality rate (PNNMR), infant mortality rate (IMR), child mortality rate (CMR), Chi-square (2 χ) test, logistic regression analysis, odds ratio.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We analyzed the sexual behavior and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) of street-based female sex workers (SFSWs) of Rajshahi city and examined their socio-demographic profiles. Among the SFSWs attending three drop-in centers (DIC) named PIACT, PROVA, and Suraksha Madhumita in Rajshahi, 150 self-motivated and willing individuals were interviewed through a structured questionnaire to obtain obstetric histories and socio-demographic information. Among these SFSWs, 56.7% were infected with two or more pathogens of STDs, with gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes, syphilis, and trichomoniasis observed in 23.3, 27.3, 24.0, 17.3, and 20.0%, respectively. We found a strong association between the prevalence of STDs among SFSWs and their socio-demographic profiles. Illiterate and comparatively older SFSWs who spent very little money for health purposes, had larger numbers of children, and used condoms inconsistently were observed to be at higher risk of STDs. These results observed with bivariate analysis were also confirmed by logistic regression analysis.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2008 · The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases: an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases