Publications (2)7.29 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: In the field of cell and tissue engineering, culture expansion of human cells in monolayer plays an important part. Traditionally, cell cultures have been supplemented with serum to support attachment and proliferation, but serum is a potential source of foreign protein contamination and viral protein transmission. In this study, we evaluated the use of human serum for experimental human articular chondrocyte expansion and to develop a method for preparation of large volumes of high-quality human serum from healthy blood donors. Human autologous serum contained high levels of epidermal-derived growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor-AB and supported proliferation up to 7 times higher than FCS in primary chondrocyte cultures. By letting the coagulation take place in a commercially available transfusion bag overnight, up to 250 ml of growth factor-rich human serum could be obtained from one donor. The allogenic human serum supported high proliferation rate without losing expression of cartilage-specific genes. The expanded chondrocytes were able to redifferentiate and form cartilage matrix in comparable amounts to autologous serums. In conclusion, the transfusion bags allow preparation of large volumes of growth factor-rich human serum with the capacity to support in vitro cell expansion. The data further indicate that by controlling the coagulation process there are possibilities of optimizing the release of growth factors for other emerging cell therapies.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate gene expression during the in vitro redifferentiation process of human articular chondrocytes isolated from clinical samples from patient undergoing an autologous chondrocyte transplantation therapy (ACT). Monolayer (ML) expanded human articular chondrocytes from four donors were cultured in a 3D pellet model and the redifferentiation was investigated by biochemistry, histology, immunohistochemistry and microarray analysis. The culture expanded chondrocytes redifferentiated in the pellet model as seen by an increase in collagen type II immunoreactivity between day 7 and 14. The gene expression from ML to pellet at day 7 included an increase in cartilage matrix proteins like collagen type XI, tenascin C, dermatopontin, COMP and fibronectin. The late phase consisted of a strong downregulation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK-1) and an upregulation of p38 kinase and SOX-9, suggesting that the late phase mimicked parts of the signaling processes involved in the early chondrogenesis in limb bud cells. Other genes, which indicated a transition from proliferation to tissue formation, were the downregulated cell cycle genes GSPT1 and the upregulated growth-arrest-specific protein (gas). The maturation of the pellets included no signs of hypertrophy or apoptosis as seen by downregulation of collagen type X, Matrix Gla protein and increased expression of caspase 3. Our data show that human articular chondrocytes taken from surplus cells of patient undergoing ACT treatment and expanded in ML, redifferentiate and form cartilage like matrix in vitro and that this dynamic process involves genes known to be expressed in early chondrogenesis.
Sahlgrenska University Hospital
Goeteborg, Västra Götaland, Sweden
- Department of Cardiology