[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore and solve the key technologies of the three dimensional (3D) visualization reconstruction of functional fascicular groups inside long segmented peripheral nerve.
A 20 cm ulnar nerve from upper arm of fresh adult dead body was embedded by OCT with four pieces of woman's hair which was used as locating material, then the samples were serially horizontally sliced into 400 slices with 15 microm thickness and 0.5 mm interval. All slices were stained with acetylcholinesterase (AchE) histochemical staining. After that, the 2D panorama images of the same slice were obtained with Olympus stereomicroscope and MSHOT MD90 micro figure image device before and after AchE staining. Using the layer processing technique of Photoshop image processing software, the decomposition images including complete 4 location pots were obtained, based on which the algorithm of optimized least square support vector machine (Optimized LS-SVM) and space transformation method was used to fulfill automatic registration. Finally, with artificial assistant outline obtaining, the 3D visualization reconstruction model of functional fascicular groups of 20 cm ulnar nerve was made using Amira 4.1, and the effects of reverse reduction and the suitability of 3D reconstruction software were evaluated.
The two-time imaging technique based on the layer process of Photoshop image processing software had the advantages: the image outline had high goodness of fit; the locating pots of merging image was accurate; and the whole procedure was simple and fast. The algorithm of Optimized LS-SVM had high degree of accuracy, and the error rate was only 8.250%. The 3D reconstruction could display the changes of the chiastopic fusion of different nerve functional fascicular groups directly. It could extract alone, merge and combine arbitrarily, and revolve at any angles. Furthermore, the reverse reduction on arbitrarily level dissection of the 3D model was very accurately.
Based on the two-time imaging technique and computer image layer processing technology, the compute algorithm of auto-registration can be developed and applied to 3D visualization reconstruction of long segmented peripheral nerve. The technological processes is fast, and the reconstruction effect is good.
No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The virtual human plan has been the hot point of recent research. The objective of this study is to explore the possibility of three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of functional fascicular groups inside short segmental peripheral nerve. A 5 cm length of common peroneal nerve was horizontally sliced at 0.25 mm intervals, and each section was stained with acetycholinesterase histochemical staining. The 2D panorama images were acquired by high-resolution digital camera under 100× microscope and mosaic software; different functional fascicular groups were distinguished and marked. The topographic database was then matched using image processing software, through the D reconstruction achieved using D reconstruction software (Amira 3.1). The reconstructed 3D images could be rotated or zoomed in any direction and the intercross and recombination processes of nerve bundles could be observed. Based on the serial histological sections and computer technology, the 3D microstructure of short segmental peripheral nerve functional fascicular groups was reconstructed. These results provide the possibility of D reconstruction of long segmental peripheral nerve functional fascicular groups.
No preview · Article · May 2009 · Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the feasibility of building the 3D reconstruction of short segment common peroneal nerve functional fascicles based on serial histological sections and computer technology.
Five cm of the common peroneal nerve in the popliteal fossa, donated by an adult, was made into the serial transverse freezing sections (n=200) at an interval of 0.25 mm and 10 microm in thickness per section. Acetylcholinesterase staining was adopted and the nerve fascicles were observed by microscope. 2D panorama images were acquired by high-resolution digital camera under microscope (x 100) and mosaic software. Different functional fascicles were distinguished and marked on each section. The topographic database was matched by image processing software. The 3D microstructure of the fascicular groups of 5 cm common peroneal nerve was reconstructed using Amira 3.1 3D reconstruction software.
Based on microanatomy and the results of acetylcholinesterase staining, this segmented common peroneal nerve functional fascicles was divided into sensory tract, motor tract, mixed tract and motor-predominating mixed tract. The cross merging was not evident in the nerve fascicles between deep peroneal nerve and superficial peroneal nerve, but existed within the functional fascicles of the deep peroneal nerve and the superficial peroneal nerve. The results of 3D reconstruction reflected the 3D structure of peripheral nerve and its interior functional fascicles factually, which displayed solely or in combination at arbitrary angles.
Based on serial histological sections and computer technology, the 3D microstructure of short-segment peripheral nerve functional fascicles can be reconstructed satisfactorily, indicating the feasibility of building 3D reconstruction of long-segmental peripheral nerve functional fascicles.
No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery