[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Seeds from legumes including the Gilcine max are known to be a rich source of protease inhibitors. The soybean Kunitz trypsin inhibitors (SKTIs) have been well characterised and have been found to exhibit many biological activities. However their effects on inflammatory diseases have not been studied to date. In this study, SKTI was purified using anion exchange chromatography using a Resource Q column. The purified protein was able to inhibit human neutrophil elastase (HNE) and bovine trypsin. Purified SKTI inhibited HNE with an IC(50) value of 8mug or 0.3nM. At this concentration SKTI showed neither cytotoxic nor haemolytic effects on human blood cell populations. SKTI showed no deleterious effects on organs, blood cells or the hepatic enzymes ALT and AST in the mouse model of acute systemic toxicity. Human neutrophils incubated with SKTI released less HNE than control neutrophils when stimulated with PAF or fMLP (83.1% and 70% respectively). These results showed that SKTI affected both pathways of elastase release by PAF and fMLP stimuli, suggesting that SKTI is an antagonist of fMLP/PAF receptors. In an in vivo mouse model of LPS acute lung injury, SKTI significantly suppressed the inflammatory effects caused by elastase in a dose-dependent manner. Histological sections stained by hematoxylin/eosin confirmed this decrease in inflammation. These results showed that SKTI could be used as a pharmacological agent for the therapy of many inflammatory diseases.
Preview · Article · Oct 2010 · European journal of pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: CvL, a lectin from the marine sponge Cliona varians was purified by acetone fractionation followed by Sepharose CL 4B affinity chromatography. CvL agglutinated papainized treated human erythrocytes with preference for type A erythrocytes. The lectin was strongly inhibited by monosaccharide d-galactose and disaccharide sucrose. CvL is a tetrameric glycoprotein of 28 kDa subunits linked by disulphide bridges with a molecular mass of 106 kDa by SDS-PAGE and 114 kDa by Sephacryl S300 gel filtration. The lectin was Ca2+ dependent, stable up to 60 degrees C for 60 min, with optimum pH of 7.5. CvL displays a cytotoxic effect on gram positive bacteria, such as Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. However, CvL did not affect gram negative bacteria, such as Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Leishmania chagasi promastigotes were agglutinated by CvL up to 2(8) titer. These findings are indicative of the physiological defense roles of CvL and its possible use in the antibiosis of bacteria and protozoa pathogenic.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2007 · Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A Molecular & Integrative Physiology