Iveta Mareschová

Masaryk University, Brünn, South Moravian, Czech Republic

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Publications (6)8.12 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DCs) are antigen-presenting cells that play a critical role in the induction of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes. An optimal method for the generation of DC for clinical use remains to be established. The aim of our study was to find an optimal cytokine combination for DC generation from peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in serum-free conditions. Serial immunophenotyping enabled us to observe changes in DC content during the culture as well as the development of maturation and activation markers. As a source for DC culture, we used PBSC from patients with multiple myeloma after stem cell mobilization using cyclophosphamide and G-CSF, or PBMC from healthy donors without mobilization. The cells were cultured in a serum-free medium with different cytokine combinations including GM-CSF, TNF-alpha, Flt-3, CD40L, IFN-gamma, IL-1alpha, IL-6, PGE1, and IL-4. The cell cultures were evaluated by immunophenotyping. For PBMC, interleukin-12 assay was performed. For PBSC, the yield of DC as determined by CD83+ cell count ranged from 0. 6 x 10(5) to 30.1 x 10(4) (mean: 9.4 x 10(4)) of DC generated per 1 x 10(6) of initially plated nucleated cells from apheresis. This yield corresponded to (0.3-19.1) x 10(5) (mean: 4.3 x 10(5)) per 1 x 10(6) of CD34+ cells in the apheresis products. For PBMC, the yield was (0.4-24.8) x 10(4) (mean: 2.4 x 10(4)) of DC generated per 1 x 10(6) of initially plated mononuclear cells from venous blood. The cultured cells expressed the mature immunophenotype. No significant differences in cell yield or immunophenotype were detected when comparing different cytokine combinations.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2003 · Vaccine
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is able to generate nonspecific cytotoxic effectors from hematopoietic precursors. We evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treatment with autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) using grafts cultured in IL-2 followed by immunotherapy with IL-2, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and interferon (IFN)-alpha. Eight patients with CML were enrolled: five in an accelerated phase and three in a chronic phase. They received peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) or bone marrow (BM) cultured in a medium containing IL-2 for 24 h. A median of 1.29 x 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg were infused after conditioning with busulfan (12 16 mg/kg) in PBSC recipients. BM was infused without prior myeloablative therapy. The engraftment occurred with a median of 15 d. Engraftment failure developed in one patient. The transplantation was followed by a 1-mo regimen of IL-2 (0.5 x 10(6) IU/m(2) daily) and GM-CSF, and 6 mo of IFN-alpha. One complete and one transient minor cytogenetic remission were observed. At 24 mo after transplantation, two patients had died of progressive disease and one of infection. Five patients had stable disease in the chronic phase. Autologous transplantation using IL-2-activated graft is feasible and the subsequent IL-2, GM-CSF, and IFN-alpha administration has acceptable toxicity. However, no benefits in comparison with conventional autologous transplantation for CML were identified in our study.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2003 · Medical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate prognostic evaluation of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) is required for their stratification for more adequate therapy. Chromosomal G-banding and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on cell-nonspecific samples and on myeloma cells selected by magnetic-activated cell separation (MACS) were used to study 13 samples from 12 multiple myeloma (MM) patients. Bone marrow (BM) samples were analysed using three approaches. Standard mitotic samples were prepared and analysed after G-banding. Interphase FISH was performed to detect the 13q14 deletion in unselected BM cells. In parallel, myeloma cells were selected from the BM using the CD138-specific antibody. The high-purity myeloma cell suspension was then analysed by interphase FISH for the 13q14 deletion. Magnetic separation yielded enriched myeloma cell suspensions with the mean viability of 98.0% (range: 97.0%-99.0%), and the purity of 97.6% (range: 87.2%-99.2%) as detected morphologically, and 85.2% (range: 44.8%-98.4%) as detected by immunophenotyping for CD138+ cells. Interphase FISH revealed the 13q14.3 deletion in 5 of 13 (38.5%) of cell-nonspecific samples and in 9 of 13 (69.2%) of enriched myeloma cell suspensions. In conclusion, interphase FISH on immunomagnetically selected MM cells increases the detection of the 13q14 deletion in BM samples from the patients with MM.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2002 · Neoplasma
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    ABSTRACT: Efficacyd a protocol of adoptive immunotherapy using IL-2 activated autologous graft followed with IL-2 and GM-CSF immunotherapy was investigated. Interleukin 2 (IL-2) can generate non-specific cytotoxic effectors like Natural Killer (NK) cells. Protocol was activated in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia, in which treatment response can be monitored on molecular level and immunotherapy plays fundamental role in the treatment. Methods and Patients: 8 patients (pts.) with late chronic phase (CP) or accelerated phase (AP) of CML received IL-2 activated graft. Mini ICE (idarubicin, Ara-C, etoposid) was used before PBSC collection, busulphan 12-16 mg/m2 was used as myeloablative regimen. One-month immunotherapy (IL-2 0,5 x 106 IU/m2/day/s.c/days 2-28; GM-CSF 75?g/m2/day/s.c/days 7-28) was followed 6-months interferon alpha therapy (3x3MU/wk).3 pts. received IL-2 activated back-up only due to insufficient PBSC collection. Results: Early transplant related mortality was 0 % (0/5), collection of autologous graft was successful in 71 % pts., median of the time to graft collection was 22,0 days (19-25), neutrophil engraftment occurred on day 15 (median) (range 11-18) in 4 pats. One pt. required back-up infusion with engraftment on day +95. Toxicity of chemotherapy (mini-ICE, busulphan) was acceptable; toxicity of immunotherapy was minimal. 5 of 8 patients improved their disease (from AP to CP), two cytogenetic responses (1/1; major/minor) were observed. Conclusion: Autologous transplantation followed with low dose immunotherapy had acceptable toxicity and stabilized disease in chronic phase in patients with late chronic phase or accelerated phase of CML. Engraftment and graft collection could be problems in these patients. Based on these results we can not decide if more important for improvement of patients is responsible transplantation procedure or immunotherapy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2000
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    ABSTRACT: We report our results with high-dose chemotherapy in previously untreated multiple myeloma patients (4 courses of VAD chemotherapy, collection of PBSC after priming with cyclophosphamide, 5 g/m2, high-dose chemotherapy with melphalan, 200 mg/m2). Second transplantation was indicated only for patients who did not achieve remission after the first high-dose therapy (paraprotein lower than 25% of the pretreatment value). For the second transplantation melphalan (200 mg/m2) with methylprednisolone (1.5 g for 5 days) were used as conditioning regimen. After high-dose therapy all patients were randomized into two arms of maintenance therapy: interferon alpha-2b or sequential maintenance therapy (interferon alpha-2b for 3 months followed after 4 week pause by 40 mg of dexamethasone days 1-4, 10-13 and 20-23. The administration of interferon alpha was resumed four weeks after the last dexamethasone for next three months. The maintenance therapy continued for 48 months or until the progression. Fifty-five patients were enrolled in the study from January 1996 to August 1997. Thirty-five patients have undergone the first transplantation and 57% of them reached complete remission. There were 10% of non-responders after the first high-dose regimen. The mean time to reach white blood cell count above 1 x 10(9)/L after the application of high dose melphalan and platelets more than 50 x 10(9)/L were 12.2 (range 6-16 days) and 12.4 (range 0-25 days), respectively. Grade 4 mucositis according to SWOG classification requiring total parenteral nutrition was presented in 40% of the patients. The mean number of 1 unit of platelets and 2 units of packed red blood cells transfusions were given within the posttransplant period. Early transplant related mortality was 3%. This paper describes the response and tolerance of each particular step of therapy. The follow-up has been too short to evaluate event-free and overall survivals.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1998 · Vnitr̆ní lékar̆ství
  • Adam · Zdeněk · Iveta Mareschová · Vorlíček · Jiří · interní klinika FNsP
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    ABSTRACT: 1. vyd
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