I Náprstková

Charles University in Prague, Praha, Praha, Czech Republic

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Publications (4)5.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: 1. Chick embryos in ovo were treated with a teratogenic dose of 1,2-dibromoethane (DBE) on embryonic day (ED) 3. On ED 6 and 10, histological sections of whole embryos were prepared for confocal microscopy. In parallel, mesonephroi of 10-d-old embryos were dissected for in situ staining with acridine orange (AO), a fluorescence probe for lysosomes. 2. DBE impaired differentiation of renal vessels which manifested as a delay in rearrangement of primitive renal vascular architecture on ED 6 and a significant reduction of the mesonephric vascularisation on ED 10. This was accompanied by delayed functional maturation of embryonic kidney, as suggested by staining with AO. 3. Renal vessels appeared to be more susceptible to DBE than tubules. Unequal growth of these renal components might be a cause of DBE-induced spatial disorganisation of tubular apparatus. 4. Nephrotoxic effects of DBE during the embryonic period are associated primarily with damage to the renal blood supply. 5. Confocal microscopy, stereological methods and three-dimensional reconstruction of developing tissues are useful tools to investigate pathogenic processes during embryonic development.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · British Poultry Science
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    ABSTRACT: Three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction from microscopic images represents a useful tool for the study of biological structures in embryology and developmental biology. However, it is usually necessary to cope with many difficulties connected with the preparation of specimens. In order to minimize mutual displacement of structures in successive sections, the applicability of non-deparaffinized tissue sections for 3-D reconstruction was tested. Chicken embryos were fixed and stained in toto with eosin and then embedded in paraffin. About 30-mum-thick non-deparaffinized serial sections were used for obtaining initial data for 3-D reconstruction of larger stacks of embryonic bodies using either fluorescence or confocal microscope. The same sections served for both collecting optical serial sections of mesonephros as source images for its 3-D reconstruction, and immunohistochemical detection of fibronectin, laminin and vimentin. It was found that sections with retained paraffin preserve the mutual spatial relationships of tissue components as well as provide an excellent differentiation of structure. It makes the process of 3-D reconstruction easier. The localization of the products of immunohistochemical reactions demonstrated the co-localization of fibronectin and laminin in basal laminas and the presence of vimentin in glomeruli and mesenchymal tissue. The use of non-deparaffinized sections represents a less time consuming and more effective alternative to thin histological sections for the purpose of 3-D reconstruction, and enables further application of material.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2005 · Anatomy and Embryology
  • Z Dusek · B Novotná · L Vodicková · I Náprstková · M Dostál · M Vilhelmová
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    ABSTRACT: 1. Chick embryo in ovo was used to investigate the effects of 1,2-dibromoethane (DBE) on haematopoiesis at a developmental stage where the primitive erythroid cells divide and differentiate in circulation. 2. Early after DBE treatment on embryonic day 3, annexin V/propidium iodide labelling showed acute cell death of erythroid elements, which was subsequently compensated for by the release of immature cells into the circulation. Simultaneously, the comet assay indicated increased DNA damage in DBE-exposed blood cells when compared with controls. 3. After embryonic day 5, there was no indication for ongoing prominent cell death in the DBE-treated group. However, the DNA damage assessed by the comet assay persisted until embryonic day 10 in the peripheral blood cells, and for even longer in cells from thymus and bursa. 4. The kinetics of DNA fragmentation in both erythroid and lymphoid cells implied genotoxic damage by DBE to the stem cells of the definitive elements and transmission of this damage through the successive cell generations. 5. The early chick embryo provides a suitable alternative to mammalian models for investigation of long-term effects of xenobiotics on haematopoiesis.
    No preview · Article · May 2003 · Xenobiotica
  • I Náprstková · Z Dusek · Z Zemanová · B Novotná
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    ABSTRACT: Morphological symptoms of mesonephric kidney damage were analysed in chick embryos treated with nephrotoxic agents--CDDP or DBE. The drugs were administered intraamniotically on ED 3 at doses 0.03 and 0.3 microg CDDP or 100 and 300 microg DBE per embryo. Body weight and absolute and relative measures of the mesonephroi (length, weight and form) were evaluated on ED 10. The higher doses of both agents affected the mass of this organ significantly. Simultaneously, a dose-dependent increase of renal malformations was detected in treated embryos, while the incidence of gross and cardiovascular defects was low (DBE) or absent (CDDP). Together with less pronounced effects on the total body growth, the results gave evidence for a higher sensitivity of the mesonephros to toxic insult when compared to the whole organism. A direct cytotoxic effect multiplied by concomitant injury of blood supply seemed to be the main cause of CDDP nephrotoxicity. In the case of DBE, damage to the mesonephros was probably associated with a primary impairment of the vascular network. The chick embryo in ovo provides a promising system for the assessment of nephrotoxic effects induced by prospective therapeutic agents and environmental contaminants during the prenatal period.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2003 · Folia biologica

Publication Stats

15 Citations
5.53 Total Impact Points


  • 2006
    • Charles University in Prague
      • 1st Faculty of Medicine
      Praha, Praha, Czech Republic
  • 2003-2005
    • Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
      • • Institute of Experimental Medicine
      • • Department of Genetic Ecotoxicology
      Praha, Praha, Czech Republic