[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We examined whole blood (MnB), red blood cell (MnRBC), plasma (MnP) and urinary Mn (MnU) concentrations in 22 liver cirrhotics and 10 healthy controls to evaluate Mn concentration in which a fraction of biological samples best reflects pallidal signal intensities (pallidal index; PI) on T1-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI) in liver cirrhotics. Increased signal intensity in the globus pallidus was observed in 18 (81.8%) of the 22 patients with liver cirrhosis. In a transplanted patient, increased pallidal signals also resolved as his liver function tests normalized after liver transplantation. There were significant correlations between MnB/MnRBC and PI (rho=0.529, rho=0.573, respectively) in liver cirrhotics, although no significant correlation was observed between MnP/MnU and PI. According to a multiple linear regression, MnB and MnRBC reflected the signal intensities of T1-weighted MRI better than MnP or MnU.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2005 · Journal of Occupational Health
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We performed a hospital based case-control study in South Korea (1) to clarify the role of occupational exposure, and especially manganese (Mn) exposure in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) and (2) to discover the association between any occupations and PD.
We selected two groups, PD patient group (N1) and controls (N2). Three hundred sixty-seven consecutive outpatients with PD (177 men, 190 women) and 309 controls were interviewed about life style, past history, family history, education level, and occupational history etc. We employed a range of industrial categories as defined by section (the most broad category) and division (sub-category) of the Korea Standard Industry Code (KSIC) Manual. Along with KSIC, we also used the Korea Standard Classification of Occupations (KSCO) as proxies of occupational exposure. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), adjusted for age, sex, smoking status, and education level are presented.
As regarding the exposure to hazardous materials, especially Mn, more subjects in the control group than the PD patient group have worked in the occupations with potential exposure to Mn (P < 0.001). Ever having worked in 'agriculture, hunting, and forestry' section of industry was positively associated with PD (OR 1.88), and 'agriculture production crops (OR 1.96)' division of industry was positively associated with PD. On the other hand, ever having worked in the 'manufacturing (OR 0.56)', 'transportation (OR 0.28)' section of industry, and 'transporting (OR 0.20)' division of industry were negatively associated with PD. 'Drivers (OR 0.13)' division of occupation also was negatively associated with PD.
To our knowledge, this is the first case-control studies to find an inverse relationship between 'transporting' or 'technicians like machinery engineers' as his/her longest job and PD risk. Because of this unexpected finding, our work should be replicated in various populations.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effects of growth rate and nutrient uptake rate on the production of cephamycin C were determined in the parental strain, deltarelA mutant, and deltarsh null mutant of S. clavuligerus. Production of cephamycin C was inversely related to mycelium growth and the phosphate feed rate was more critical for the production of cephamycin C. On the contrary, the production of cephamycin C was completely abolished in the deltarelA mutant, but not in deltarsh mutant. The changes in the cephamycin C production by disruption of the relA and rsh genes are presumably associated with the consequent ability of the mutants to accumulate (p)ppGpp under nutrient starvation. Therefore, it is concluded that the stringent response of S. clavuligerus to starvation for nutrients is governed mainly by RelA rather than Rsh and that the response is more apparently regulated by the limitation of phosphate.
No preview · Article · Nov 2004 · Journal of Biotechnology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We examined whole blood (MnB), plasma (MnP) and urinary Mn (MnU) concentrations in 33 cirrhotics and 11 healthy controls to clarify: (1) whether, in chronic liver diseases, MnB or MnP reflects pallidal signal intensities in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); and (2) which factors in chronic liver diseases correlate with pallidal signal intensities in T1-weighted MRI. Increased signal intensity in the pallidum was observed in 27 (81.8%) of 33 patients with liver cirrhosis in T1-weighted MRI. There was a significant correlation between MnB and pallidal index (PI) (gamma = 0.559, P < 0.01) in the patients. However, no significant correlation was observed between MnP and PI (gamma = 0.353, P > 0.05). According to a multiple linear regression, MnB reflected the signal intensities of T1-weighted MRI better than MnP or MnU. Child/Pugh score and total bilirubin level also correlated with PI. However, the hemoglobin level did not correlate with PI significantly.