Hiroyuki Imanishi

Kobe University, Kōbe, Hyōgo, Japan

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Publications (2)3.56 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to identify novel pharmacogenetic determinants of treatment-related hepatotoxicity during the maintenance phase in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL). Although the authors first determined whether genotypes of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters--glutathione S-transferase (GST) genes, GSTM1 positive/null, GSTT1 positive/null and GSTP1 A313G, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T, reduced folate carrier 1 (RFC1) G80A, and breast cancer resistant protein (BCRP) C421A--were associated with hepatotoxicity for 24 patients, no significant difference was detected for genotype and allelic frequencies between the patients with and those without severe treatment-related hepatotoxicity. Therefore, the authors explored potential candidate polymorphisms associated with hepatotoxicity using the Illumina Infinium HumanHap300, encompassing more than 318,000 tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), for 8 of 24 patients with or without severe hepatotoxicity. Genome-wide genotyping uncovered a total of 28 candidate SNPs. rs1966862, in Rho GTPase-activating protein 24 (ARHGAP24), was the most significant of the candidates, and the genotypes of rs13424027 (PARD3B), rs1156304 (KCNIP4), rs10255262 (SLC13A1), rs7403531 (RASGRP1), and rs381423 (unidentified gene) were also significantly associated with severe hepatotoxicity. This study suggested rs1966862 (ARHGAP24) and the other SNPs to be predictive factors for drug-induced hepatotoxicity during the maintenance phase in pediatric patients with ALL or LBL.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Methotrexate is administered in high doses to treat childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and malignant lymphoma. Hepatotoxicity and bone marrow suppression often limit its use, however. The objective of this study was to determine the genetic polymorphisms associated with the hepatotoxicity and elimination of methotrexate. Genetic polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase (GST) genes including GSTT1 positive/null, GSTM1 positive/null, and GSTP1 A313G, and genes for reduced folate carrier 1 G80A (RFC1 G80A), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T (MTHFR C677T), and breast cancer resistant protein C421A (BCRP C421A) were determined for 26 patients by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method or by direct sequencing. A high frequency of hepatotoxicity (P = 0.035) was observed for patients with GSTM1 positive and RFC1 AA(80), and serum concentrations of methotrexate 48 h after the start of infusion were higher for patients with the TT(677) genotype of MTHFR (P = 0.028). In conclusion, GSTM1 positive/null and RFC1 G80A polymorphisms could be predictors for hepatotoxicity, and the MTHFR C677T polymorphism is associated with elimination of methotrexate.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2007 · Journal of Human Genetics