[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) is an important binding site for various hydrophobic ligands in hepatocytes, its in vivo significance is not understood. We have therefore created L-FABP null mice and report here their initial analysis, focusing on the impact of this mutation on hepatic fatty acid binding capacity, lipid composition, and expression of other lipid-binding proteins. Gel-filtered cytosol from L-FABP null liver lacked the main fatty acid binding peak in the fraction that normally comprises both L-FABP and sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2). The binding capacity for cis-parinaric acid was decreased >80% in this region. Molar ratios of cholesterol/cholesterol ester, cholesteryl ester/triglyceride, and cholesterol/phospholipid were 2- to 3-fold greater, reflecting up to 3-fold absolute increases in specific lipid classes in the order cholesterol > cholesterol esters > phospholipids. In contrast, the liver pool sizes of nonesterified fatty acids and triglycerides were not altered. However, hepatic deposition of a bolus of intravenously injected [14C]oleate was markedly reduced, showing altered lipid pool turnover. An increase of approximately 75% of soluble SCP-2 but little or no change of other soluble (glutathione S-transferase, albumin) and membrane (fatty acid transport protein, CD36, aspartate aminotransferase, caveolin) fatty acid transporters was measured. These results (i) provide for the first time a quantitative assessment of the contribution of L-FABP to cytosolic fatty acid binding capacity, (ii) establish L-FABP as an important determinant of hepatic lipid composition and turnover, and (iii) suggest that SCP-2 contributes to the accumulation of cholesterol in L-FABP null liver.
Preview · Article · Jun 2003 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), abundantly expressed in cardiac myocytes, has been postulated to facilitate the cardiac uptake of long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) and to promote their intracellular trafficking to sites of metabolic conversion. Mice with a disrupted H-FABP gene were recently shown to have elevated plasma LCFA levels, decreased cardiac deposition of a LCFA analogue, and increased cardiac deoxyglucose uptake, which qualitatively establishes a requirement for H-FABP in cardiac LCFA utilization. To study the underlying defect, we developed a method to isolate intact, electrically stimulatable cardiac myocytes from adult mice and then studied substrate utilization under defined conditions in quiescent and in contracting cells from wild-type and H-FABP(-/-) mice. Our results demonstrate that in resting and in contracting myocytes from H-FABP(-/-) mice, both uptake and oxidation of palmitate are markedly reduced (between -45% and -65%), whereas cellular octanoate uptake, and the capacities of heart homogenates for palmitate oxidation and for octanoate oxidation, and the cardiac levels of mRNAs encoding sarcolemmal FA transporters remain unaltered. In contrast, in resting H-FABP(-/-) cardiac myocytes, glucose oxidation is increased (+80%) to a level that would require electrical stimulation in wild-type cells. These findings provide a physiological demonstration of a crucial role of H-FABP in uptake and oxidation of LCFAs in cardiac muscle cells and indicate that in H-FABP(-/-) mice the diminished contribution of LCFAs to cardiac energy production is, at least in part, compensated for by an increase in glucose oxidation.
Preview · Article · Sep 1999 · Circulation Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nonenzymatic cytosolic fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) are abundantly expressed in many animal tissues with high rates of fatty acid metabolism. No physiological role has been demonstrated for any FABP, although these proteins have been implicated in transport of free long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) and protection against LCFA toxicity. We report here that mice lacking heart-type FABP (H-FABP) exhibit a severe defect of peripheral (nonhepatic, non-fat) LCFA utilization. In these mice, the heart is unable to efficiently take up plasma LCFAs, which are normally its main fuel, and switches to glucose usage. Altered plasma levels of LCFAs, glucose, lactate and beta-hydroxybutyrate are consistent with depressed peripheral LCFA utilization, intensified carbohydrate usage, and increased hepatic LCFA oxidation; these changes are most pronounced under conditions favoring LCFA oxidation. H-FABP deficiency is only incompletely compensated, however, causing acute exercise intolerance and, at old age, a localized cardiac hypertrophy. These data establish a requirement for H-FABP in cardiac intracellular lipid transport and fuel selection and a major role in metabolic homeostasis. This new animal model should be particularly useful for investigating the significance of peripheral LCFA utilization for heart function, insulin sensitivity, and blood pressure.