Haruya Ishiguro

The Jikei University School of Medicine, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (24)42.39 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate interferon-λ3 (IFNL3) polymorphisms in response-guided pegylated interferon-α plus ribavirin (Peg-IFNα/RBV) therapy for genotype 2 (G2) chronic hepatitis C. Between January 2006 and June 2012, a total of 180 patients with chronic infections of G2 hepatitis C virus (HCV) were treated with response-guided Peg-IFNα/RBV therapy. The treatment duration was 24 wk for patients who achieved rapid virologic response (RVR), and 36 or 48 wk for patients who did not. Then, the impact of the IFNL3 single nucleotide polymorphism genotype (TT/non-TT at rs8099917) on treatment outcomes was evaluated in the 180 patients, and between patients infected with either HCV sub-genotype 2a or 2b. Of the 180 patients evaluated, 111 achieved RVR, while the remaining 69 patients did not. In RVR patients, the sustained virologic response (SVR) rate was 96.4%, and the IFNL3 genotype did not influence the SVR rate (96.6% vs 95.8% in IFNL3 genotype TT vs non-TT). However, in non-RVR patients, the SVR rate decreased to 72.5% (P < 0.0001), and this rate was significantly different between the IFNL3 genotype TT and non-TT groups (80.0% vs 42.9%, P = 0.0146). Multivariate regression analysis in non-RVR patients identified the IFNL3 genotype TT as the only baseline-significant factor associated with SVR (OR = 5.39, 95%CI: 1.29-22.62; P = 0.0189). In analysis according to HCV sub-genotype, no significant difference in the SVR rate was found between HCV sub-genotypes 2a and 2b. In response-guided Peg-IFNα/RBV combination therapy for chronically HCV G2-infected patients, the impact of the IFNL3 genotype on SVR was limited to non-RVR patients.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing worldwide. We evaluated serum collagen IV as a direct non-invasive marker of severe liver fibrosis in NAFLD. The study included 148 NAFLD and 187 chronic hepatitis C patients in whom histological severity of liver fibrosis was evaluated. The utility of serum collagen IV measured by immune-mediated agglutination using two types of monoclonal antibodies for distinguishing severe fibrosis (>/= stage 3 and >/= F3) from non-to-moderate fibrosis in NAFLD or chronic hepatitis C was assessed in comparison to serum hyaluronic acid or other indirect fibrosis markers. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that serum collagen IV was significantly associated with severe fibrosis in NAFLD (odds ratio: 1.21, p<0.001) but not in chronic hepatitis C. For distinguishing severe fibrosis in NAFLD, collagen IV showed the largest area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (0.827, 95%CI: 0.746-0.908) followed by FIB-4 (0.805, 95%CI: 0.728-0.890); in chronic hepatitis C, those for FIB-4 (0.813, 95%CI: 0.748-0.878) and collagen IV (0.770, 95%CI: 0.683-0.857) were the largest and smallest, respectively. To detect severe fibrosis in NAFLD, a cutoff of collagen IV > 177 exhibited 77.1% sensitivity, 84.0% specificity, 76.5% positive predictive value, and 84.0% negative predictive value. Combined with a cutoff of FIB-4 > 2.09, the negative and positive predictive values, and specificity for detecting severe fibrosis in NAFLD increased further. Collagen IV is a reliable marker for distinguishing severe liver fibrosis from non-to-moderate fibrosis in NAFLD but not chronic hepatitis C.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Journal of gastrointestinal and liver diseases: JGLD
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the usefulness of serum cytokeratin 18 fragment (CK18-F) as a noninvasive biomarker in differentiating nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) from nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) since the prognosis of the 2 diseases differ. 116 Japanese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) proven by liver biopsy were studied. Histological findings were classified according to the NAFLD activity score (NAS) proposed by the Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Clinical Research Network. The correlation between histological findings and serum CK18-F levels was investigated. Serum CK18-F levels showed a positive correlation with histologic steatosis (ρ = 0.271, P = 0.0033), inflammation (ρ = 0.353, P = 0.0005), ballooning (ρ = 0.372, P = 0.0001), and the total NAS (ρ = 0.474, P = 2.68 × 10-7). The serum CK18-F level was significantly lower for NAFL (NAS ≤ 2) than for borderline NASH (NAS of 3-4) or definite NASH (NAS ≥ 5) (P = 0.0294, P = 1.163 × 10-5, respectively). The serum CK18-F level was significantly higher for definite NASH than for borderline NASH (P = 0.0002). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of serum CK18-F to predict the presence of NAFL and definite NASH was 0.762 and 0.757, respectively. The optimal cut-off point of serum CK18-F for NAFL and definite NASH was 230 and 270 U/L, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predict value, and negative predict value of serum CK18-F for NAFL were 0.89, 0.65, 0.34, and 0.97, and those for definite NASH were 0.64, 0.76, 0.72, and 0.67, respectively. Accuracies of diagnosis for both NAFL and definite NASH were 0.70. Serum CK18-F could be a clinically useful biomarker to discriminate between NAFL and NASH.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: The life cycle of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is tightly associated with host lipoprotein metabolic pathways. Apolipoprotein is present on the outer surface of lipoprotein particles and plays an important role in lipoprotein metabolism. We aimed to elucidate the influence of chronic HCV infection on serum apolipoprotein profiles. Fasting serum apolipoprotein profiles of 310 subjects with active or cleared HCV infection were examined. Subsequently, the association between chronic HCV infection and serum apolipoprotein levels was determined using multiple regression analysis. Active HCV infection was associated with high serum levels of apo A-II and low serum levels of apo C-II and C-III. HCV infection with both genotype 1b (G1b) and genotype 2 (G2) was associated with low serum levels of either apo C-II and C-III, whereas only HCV G1b infections caused elevated levels of apo A II and E. Among active HCV infections, HCV G1b was associated with an elevation in the serum apo E levels. Furthermore, IL28B non-major genotype (rs8099917 TG/GG) was associated with low levels of serum apo B and high levels of apoA-II, and advanced fibrosis was associated with low levels of apo B and C-II in G1b infection. Active HCV infection is distinctively associated with characteristic serum apolipoprotein profiles. The influence on apolipoprotein profiles varies with different HCV genotypes. Moreover, the genotype of IL28B and hepatic fibrosis affected serum apolipoproteins in G1b infection. Abnormalities in serum apolipoproteins may provide a clue to the elucidation of complex interactions between active HCV infection and lipid metabolism.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Hepatology International
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    ABSTRACT: Although acute hepatitis and nephrotic syndrome are commonly reported as complications of tertiary syphilis, nephrotic syndrome concomitant with hepatitis in early-stage syphilis is rare. Here, we describe the case of a 46-year-old male who was diagnosed with acute liver dysfunction and nephrotic syndrome after presenting with general malaise, and who subsequently developed acute kidney injury. Laboratory examination showed alkaline phosphatase had a greater magnitude of elevation compared to alanine aminotransferase, suggesting the possibility of syphilitic hepatitis. The rapid plasmin regain test and Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay were positive, supporting the presence of a syphilis infection. Additionally, liver biopsy examination showed infiltration of inflammatory cells into the portal area and epithelioid cell granulomas. Moreover, kidney biopsy examination by both optical and electron microscopy showed a congestion of neutrophils in the capillary vessels, structural collapse of the tubules, and subepithelial deposits under the epithelium of the glomerular endothelial cells. These pathological changes were consistent with those reported previously for early syphilitic hepatitis and nephrotic syndrome in early-stage syphilis. All the symptoms, including liver and renal dysfunction, resolved after benzyl penicillin treatment was initiated. Hence, we believe early-stage syphilis should be included in the differential diagnosis of unknown liver damage and/or nephrosis.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: A 41-year old man presented at our division with low-density masses in the right lobe of the liver detected by computed tomography (CT) while screening for renal diseases. Enhanced CT demonstrated that these masses had slowly become isodense. Consent of histopathological examination was not obtained from the patient at that time. After 6 months, these masses showed a notable increase in size and number. Ultrasound-guided biopsy was performed, and non-caseous epithelioid granulomas with necrosis andmultinuclear giant cells were observed. Based on these findings, we considered a probable diagnosis of liver tuberculosis or sarcoidosis. The QuantiFERON test and tuberculosis polymerase chain reaction results were negative. Serum calcium and angiotensin-converting enzyme levels were normal, and bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy was not present. Although a diagnosis of liver tuberculosis was not confirmed, we decided to initiate anti-tuberculosis therapy to prevent morbid progression of tuberculosis. After 6 months of therapy, the masses decreased in size.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Kanzo
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    ABSTRACT: Tuberculous lymphadenitis is a rare cause of obstructive jaundice. Here, we report the case of a 33-year-old male with obstructive jaundice caused by tuberculous lymphadenitis around the pancreatic head. The patient was born in China and had immigrated to Japan at 12 years of age. He presented with acute abdominal pain and jaundice. Findings from ultrasonography, computed tomography, and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography were suggestive of a stenosis of the distal common bile duct caused by multiple low-density masses around the pancreatic head with a contrast-enhanced solid rim. We successfully diagnosed the mass as tuberculous lymphadenitis using endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). The patient was treated with anti-tuberculous combination chemotherapy for 6 months, and subsequently exhibited clinical improvement. Thus, we found that EUS-FNA was a valuable minimally invasive method for diagnosing masses that cause icterus.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
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    Full-text · Dataset · Oct 2013
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    ABSTRACT: Of 168 patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection-related liver disease, 20 patients who had received 100 mg of lamivudine plus 10 mg/day of adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) (ADV group) and 124 patients who had received 0.5 mg/day of entecavir or 100 mg/day of lamivudine (non-ADV group) for >1 year were enrolled. For comparative analyses, 19 well-matched pairs were obtained from the groups by propensity scores. At the time of enrollment, serum creatinine and phosphate concentrations were similar between the ADV and non-ADV groups; however, urinary phosphate (P = 0.0424) and serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) (P = 0.0228) concentrations were significantly higher in the ADV group than in the non-ADV group. Serum BAP was significantly higher at the time of enrollment than before ADV administration in the ADV group (P = 0.0001), although there was no significant change in serum BAP concentration in the non-ADV group. There was a significant positive correlation between the period of ADV therapy and ΔBAP (R (2) = 0.2959, P = 0.0160). Serum BAP concentration increased before increase in serum creatinine concentration and was useful for early detection of adverse events and for developing adequate measures for continuing ADV for chronic HBV infection-related liver disease.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Hepatitis research and treatment
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine the most suitable duration of pegylated-interferon (Peg-IFN)-plus-ribavirin combination therapy in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 who had not achieved rapid virological response (serum HCV RNA disappearance after 4 weeks of therapy). HCV genotype 2 patients (n = 182) with a high viral load received >80% of the standard Peg-IFN-plus-ribavirin dose for at least 24 weeks, and their final virological responses were studied. Patients were classified into "rapid virological response" and "non-rapid virological response" groups. The non-rapid virological response group was further divided into a "virological response at 8 weeks" (serum HCV RNA disappearance after 8 weeks of therapy) and a "non-virological response at 8 weeks" group. Factors related to rapid virological response and optimal therapy duration in the non-rapid virological response group were evaluated. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that subtype HCV genotype 2a (P = 0.0015) and low concentration of pretreatment serum HCV RNA (P = 0.0058) were independent factors in a rapid virological response. In the virological response at 8 weeks group, the sustained virological response rate after 24 weeks of therapy was significantly lower than after 36 weeks (P = 0.044) or after 48 weeks (P = 0.006), and was similar for 36- and 48-weeks. The cost for achieving (CAS) one sustained virological response was lowest with 36-week therapy. Prolongation of Peg-IFN-plus-ribavirin combination therapy to 36 weeks is suitable for achieving virological response at 8 weeks, given the high, sustained virological response rate and cost benefit. J. Med. Virol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Journal of Medical Virology
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    ABSTRACT: Host lipoprotein metabolism is associated closely with the life cycle of hepatitis C virus (HCV), and serum lipid profiles have been linked to the response to pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) therapy. Polymorphisms in the human IL28B gene and amino acid substitutions in the core and interferon sensitivity-determining region (ISDR) in NS5A of HCV genotype 1b (G1b) were also shown to strongly affect the outcome of Peg-IFN plus RBV therapy. In this study, an observational cohort study was performed in 247 HCV G1b-infected patients to investigate whether the response to Peg-IFN and RBV combination therapy in these patients is independently associated with the level of lipid factors, especially apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100), an obligatory structural component of very low density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein. The multivariate logistic analysis subsequently identified apoB-100 (odds ratio (OR), 1.602; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.046-2.456), alpha-fetoprotein (OR, 0.764; 95% CI, 0.610-0.958), non-wild-type ISDR (OR, 5.617; 95% CI, 1.274-24.754), and the rs8099917 major genotype (OR, 34.188; 95% CI, 10.225-114.308) as independent factors affecting rapid initial virological response (decline in HCV RNA levels by ≥3-log10 at week 4). While lipid factors were not independent predictors of complete early or sustained virological response, the serum apoB-100 level was an independent factor for sustained virological response in patients carrying the rs8099917 hetero/minor genotype. Together, we conclude that serum apoB-100 concentrations could predict virological response to Peg-IFN plus RBV combination therapy in patients infected with HCV G1b, especially in those with the rs8099917 hetero/minor genotype. J. Med. Virol. 85:1180-1190, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · Journal of Medical Virology
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    ABSTRACT: Narrow band imaging (NBI) and flexible spectral imaging color enhancement (FICE) allow improved contrasted evaluation of the mucosal surface. However, no study has compared the utility of these two modalities. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the adenoma miss rate (AMR) between NBI and FICE. A total of 55 patients (38 men, 17 women) were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly assigned to the NBI-FICE group (NBI followed by FICE) or the FICE-NBI group (FICE followed by NBI). NBI and FICE total colonic observations were tandemly performed for each patient during the scope withdrawal with white light following cecal intubation. All detected polyps with the NBI or FICE observation were categorized into three groups according to the size and number of polyps missed. Twenty-nine patients were assigned to the NBI-FICE group, and 26 patients were assigned to the FICE-NBI group. There was no significant difference in the overall AMR when comparing the image-enhanced endoscopy technologies (17.9 % for NBI, 26 % for FICE, p = 0.159). AMR was lower for NBI than for FICE for adenomas <5 mm in diameter (5.7 % for NBI, 12.6 % for FICE, p = 0.036). AMR was not significantly different when comparing NBI and FICE for lesions 5 to 10 mm (p = 0.967) or for lesions ≥10 mm (p = 0.269). This study demonstrated that overall AMR was not different when comparing NBI and FICE.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormal serum lipid profiles have been noted in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Moreover, many reports suggest that serum lipoprotein profiles are more profoundly distorted in patients with HCV G1b infection who have an unfavorable response to pegylated interferon (peg-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV) combination therapy. However, after the discovery of single nucleotide polymorphisms near the IL28B gene (rs8099917 and rs12979860) as potent predictive factors affecting the response to peg-IFN plus RBV, lipid factors are thought to be confounding factors. To re-examine the significance of lipoprotein profiles on virological response to peg-IFN plus RBV combination therapy in patients with chronic HCV G1b infection, we examined cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations in each lipoprotein fraction separated by high performance liquid chromatography. Lipoprotein profiles were examined using fasting sera from 108 patients infected with HCV G1b who had chronic hepatitis, as determined by liver biopsy. Results of lipoprotein profiles and clinical data, including IL28B genotype and amino acid substitution at aa70 of HCV G1b, were compared between patients with a sustained virological response (SVR) and non-SVR or a non-virological response (NVR) and virological responses other than NVR (non-NVR). In addition, significant predictive factors independently associated with virological response to peg-IFNα-2b plus RBV were determined by logistic regression analysis. An increased ratio of cholesterol/triglyceride in very low-density lipoprotein (odds ratio (OR) 3.03; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01-9.44) along with a major genotype of rs8099917 (OR 9.09; 95% CI 2.94-33.33), were independent predictive factors for SVR. In contrast, lipid factors were not elucidated as independent predictive factors for NVR. Examination of the fasting lipid profile has clinical importance in predicting the efficacy of peg-IFN-α-2b plus RBV combination therapy for patients with HCV G1b even after the discovery of the IL28 genotype as a potent predictive factor.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Hepatitis Monthly
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    ABSTRACT: Background Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for superficial gastric neoplasm is a curative method. The aim of this study was to detect potential nonbleeding visible vessels (NBVVs) by using an infrared imaging (IRI) system. Methods A total of 24 patients (25 lesions) were consecutively enrolled between March 2010 and December 2010. The day after ESD, endoscopist A (K.M.), who was blinded to the actual procedure of ESD, performed esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) of the post-ESD ulcer base using the IRI system. Endoscopist A marked gray/blue points in the hard-copy images with the IRI system. After the first procedure, endoscopist B (Y.Y.), who was blinded to the results recorded by endoscopist A, performed a second EGD with white light endoscopy and administered water-jet pressure with the maximum level of an Olympus flushing pump onto the post-ESD ulcer base. This test can cause iatrogenic bleeding via application of pressure to NBVV in the post-ESD ulcer. Results The IRI system detected 58 gray points and 71 blue points. The post-ESD ulcer was divided into the central area and the peripheral area. There were 14 gray points (24 %) in the central area and 44 gray points (76 %) in the peripheral area. There were 19 blue points (27 %) in the central area and 52 blue points (73 %) in the peripheral area. There was no significant difference when comparing the distribution of gray points and blue points. Bleeding occurred with a water-jet pressure in 11 of 58 gray points and in none of the blue points (P = 0.000478). Among the gray points, bleeding in response to a water-jet pressure occurred in 2 points in the central area and in 9 points in the peripheral area. Conclusion The IRI system detects visible vessels (VVs) that are in no need of coagulation as blue points, and VVs have a potential risk of bleeding as gray points.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Gastric Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: To identify factors associated with prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after initial therapy. A total of 377 HCC patients who were newly treated at Katsushika Medical Center, Japan from January 2000 to December 2009 and followed up for > 2 years, or died during follow-up, were enrolled. The factors related to survival were first analyzed in 377 patients with HCC tumor stage T1-T4 using multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. A similar analysis was performed in 282 patients with tumor stage T1-T3. Additionally, factors associated with the period between initial and subsequent therapy were examined in 144 patients who did not show local recurrence. Finally, 214 HCC stage T1-T3 patients who died during the observation period were classified into four groups according to their alcohol consumption and postprandial glucose levels, and differences in their causes of death were examined. On multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, the following were significantly associated with survival: underlying liver disease stage [non-cirrhosis/Child-Pugh A vs B/C, hazard ratio (HR): 0.603, 95% CI: 0.417-0.874, P = 0.0079], HCC stage (T1/T2 vs T3/T4, HR: 0.447, 95% CI: 0.347-0.576, P < 0.0001), and mean postprandial plasma glucose after initial therapy (< 200 vs ≥ 200 mg/dL, HR: 0.181, 95% CI: 0.067-0.488, P = 0.0008). In T1-T3 patients, uninterrupted alcohol consumption after initial therapy (no vs yes, HR: 0.641, 95% CI: 0.469-0.877, P = 0.0055) was significant in addition to underlying liver disease stage (non-cirrhosis/Child-Pugh A vs B/C, HR: 0649, 95% CI: 0.476-0.885, P = 0.0068), HCC stage (T1 vs T2/T3, HR: 0.788, 95% CI: 0.653-0.945, P = 0.0108), and mean postprandial plasma glucose after initial therapy (< 200 mg/dL vs ≥ 200 mg/dL, HR: 0.502, 95% CI: 0.337-0.747, P = 0.0005). In patients without local recurrence, time from initial to subsequent therapy for newly emerging HCC was significantly longer in the "postprandial glucose within 200 mg/dL group" than the "postprandial glucose > 200 mg/dL group" (log-rank test, P < 0.05), whereas there was no difference in the period between the "non-alcohol group" (patients who did not drink regularly or those who could reduce their daily consumption to < 20 g) and the "continuation group" (drinkers who continued to drink > 20 g daily). Of 214 T1-T3 patients who died during the observation period, death caused by other than HCC progression was significantly more frequent in "group AL" (patients in the continuation and postprandial glucose within 200 mg/dL groups) than "group N" (patients in the non-alcohol and postprandial glucose within 200 mg/dL groups) (P = 0.0016). This study found that abstinence from habitual alcohol consumption and intensive care for diabetes mellitus were related to improved prognosis in HCC patients.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · World Journal of Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose. Although esophageal capsule endoscopy (ECE) is reportedly useful in the diagnosis of esophageal varices (EV), few reports have described the benefits of this technique in Asian countries. The present paper evaluates the usefulness of ECE for diagnosing EV in Japanese patients with cirrhosis. Methods. We examined 29 patients with cirrhosis (20 males and 9 females; mean age 60 years; Child-Pugh classification A/B/C; 14/14/1) using ECE followed by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). High-risk EV were defined as F2 and/or RC2 and above. Results. The sensitivity and specificity of ECE for the diagnosis of high-risk EV were 92% and 80%, respectively. Conclusions. The findings showed that ECE is a highly sensitive method of diagnosing high-risk EV that requires endoscopic or pharmacological therapy. Thus, ECE might be a useful method for the screening and followup of EV in patients with cirrhosis.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Gastroenterology Research and Practice
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    ABSTRACT: The life cycle of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is closely related to host lipoprotein metabolism. Serum levels of lipid are associated with the response to pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) therapy, while single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) around the human interleukin 28B (IL28B) gene locus and amino acid substitutions in the core region of the HCV have been reported to affect the efficacy of PEG-IFN/RBV therapy in chronic hepatitis with HCV genotype 1b infection. The aim of this study was to elucidate the relationship between serum lipid and factors that are able to predict the efficacy of PEG-IFN/RB therapy, with specific focus on apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) in 148 subjects with chronic HCV G1b infection. Our results demonstrated that both the aa 70 substitution in the core region of the HCV and the rs8099917 SNP located proximal to the IL28B were independent factors in determining serum apoB-100 and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels. A significant association was noted between higher levels of apoB-100 (P = 1.1 × 10(-3)) and LDL cholesterol (P = 0.02) and the subjects having Arg70. A significant association was also observed between subjects carrying the rs8099917 TT responder genotype and higher levels of apoB-100 (P = 6.4 × 10(-3)) and LDL cholesterol (P = 4.2 × 10(-3)). Our results suggest that apoB-100 and LDL cholesterol are markers of impaired cellular lipoprotein pathways and/or host endogenous interferon response to HCV in chronic HCV infection. In particular, serum apoB-100 concentration might be an informative marker for judging changes in HCV-associated intracellular lipoprotein metabolism in patients carrying the rs8099917 responder genotype.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2011 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: A 80-years-old woman was referred to our hospital for investigation of liver damage. Laboratory data and liver histology confirmed primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). In this patient, a pancytopenia progressed gradually for a year, and the pericardium water retention suggesting pericarditis appeared in September, 2009. In addition antinuclear antibody was high tighter and double-stranded DNA antibody was positive. She was diagnosed as having systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) according to diagnostic criteria of United States American College of Rheumatology and administration of the oral 20 mg prednisolone was started. At the same time, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the diameter 22 mm in S2, left lobe of liver, was noted on abdominal enhanced computed tomography. In January, 2010, after confirming the improvement of pancytopenia and pericarditis, HCC was treated with both transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and radio frequency ablation. We reported the very rare case having PBC, SLE and HCC simultaneously.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Kanzo
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of an oral rehydration solution (ORS) on fatigue were studied in workers engaged in manual work during the summer. One hundred and fifty-three workers engaged in loading cargo onto aircraft at Tokyo International Airport who consented to participate in the study were the subjects. The study was carried out on two summer days with fine weather during the daytime shift. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups: with one group restricted to ORS intake and the other group having free-choice of their favorite drink (FAD) in a randomized crossover study. The subjects were asked about the amount of beverage that they consumed and the type of FAD that they chose on the days of the survey. The effects of the ORS and the FAD were compared using a visual analogue scale (VAS) to determine the degree of fatigue experienced immediately after completing work. The average wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) on the survey days was 30 degrees C. The beverage intake during work was 1,000 ml for most participants and the most commonly chosen types of FAD were tea and coffee. The fatigue VAS was significantly lower on the ORS intake days than on the FAD intake days (50.0 +/- 18.3 vs. 53.9 +/- 16.3). The results of this study suggest that the intake of ORS during outdoor work in a hot environment would be effective for preventing industrial accidents and heat stroke. It is important to select an appropriate drink to ensure adequate intake of water and electrolytes.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Journal of Occupational Health
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aim: Conscious sedation is universally used to reduce patient discomfort, anxiety, and pain during endoscopy, so that the endoscopic procedures can be effectively and safely completed. In Japan, three benzodiazepines, including diazepam, midazolam and flunitrazepam, are approved for intravenous use administer during endoscopy. However, only a few studies have compared these benzodiazepines with respect to their effectiveness and the safety. This study compared the effectiveness, the safety, and recovery time of midazolam and flunitrazepam during diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Patients and Method: Forty patients were sedated with i.v. midazolam (average dose 2.65 mg : M-Group), and thirty-seven patients were sedated with i.v. flunitrazepam (average dose 0.33 mg : F-Group). After the drug was given, a diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was done by one of 5 staff endoscopists. Depth of sedation, vital signs, patient's tolerance, the endoscopic procedure's technical ease and the sedation recovery time were evaluated by one independent observer for all patients. Results: The two groups were not significantly different with respect to: gender, age, BMI, ASA risk class, experience with previous upper upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, and procedure duration. Depth of sedation evaluated by OAA/S was significantly deeper in the M-Group than in the F-Group, although a moderate sedation level was maintained in both groups. There was no difference in the vital signs, including blood pressure, heart rate, and pulse oximetry between the groups; as well, no clinical complications were observed in either groups. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups with respect to the number of excellent technical ease, and the sedation recovery time (about 40 min in the both groups). However, the patient's 100 mm Visual Analogue Scale assessment of tolerance was significantly lower in the M-Group (7.9mm) than in the F-Group (26.8 mm). Complete amnesia of the endoscopic procedure occurred in 55% of the M-Group and 19% of the F-Group. Conclusion: The safety of midazolam and flunitrazepam was almost the same with respect to vital sign and the sedation recovery time. However, the effectiveness of midazolam including depth of sedation and patients tolerance was significantly better than flunitrazepam. Midazolam caused less discomfort and was more frequently associated with amnesia than flunitrazepam.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Gastroenterological Endoscopy