[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Familial epilepsies are often caused by mutations of voltage-gated Na+ channels, but correlation genotype-phenotype is not yet clear. In particular, the cause of phenotypic variability observed in some epileptic families is unclear. We studied Na(v)1.1 (SCN1A) Na+ channel alpha subunit M1841T mutation, identified in a family characterized by a particularly large phenotypic spectrum. The mutant is a loss of function because when expressed alone, the current was no greater than background. Function was restored by incubation at temperature <30 degrees C, showing that the mutant is trafficking defective, thus far the first case among neuronal Na+ channels. Importantly, also molecular interactions with modulatory proteins or drugs were able to rescue the mutant. Protein-protein interactions may modulate the effect of the mutation in vivo and thus phenotype; variability in their strength may be one of the causes of phenotypic variability in familial epilepsy. Interacting drugs may be used to rescue the mutant in vivo.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2007 · The Journal of Neuroscience : The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience