[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: The aim of this investigation was to test the hypothesis that sub-chronic whole-body exposure to GSM-900 microwaves had an effect on tumor promotion and progression. Mammary tumors were induced by ingestion of a single 10-mg dose of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) in female Sprague-Dawley rats (Ico:OFA-SD; IOPS Caw). In two independent experiments, DMBA-treated animals were divided into four groups: sham-exposed (16) and exposed (three groups of 16 animals). The specific absorption rates (SARs), averaged over the whole body, were 3.5, 2.2 and 1.4 W/kg in the first experiment (May-July) and 1.4, 0.7 and 0.1 W/kg in the second experiment (September-November). Exposure started 10 days after DMBA treatment and lasted 2 h/day, 5 days/week for 9 weeks. Animals were exposed to plane waves with the electric field parallel to the long axis of the animals. Body weight and the number, location and size of the tumors were recorded at regular intervals. Rats were killed humanely 3 weeks after the end of exposure. The results are negative in terms of latency, multiplicity and tumor volume. With regard to tumor incidence, in the first experiment there was an increase in the rate of incidence at 1.4 W/kg but less at 2.2 W/kg and none at 3.5 W/kg. Overall, these results, which are rather inconsistent, do not bring new evidence of a co-promoting effect of exposure to GSM-900 signals using the DMBA rat model.