[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: detecting chronic kidney disease (CKD) may have important implications for the management of older and frail people. We aimed at investigating whether clinical setting (nursing home: NH versus hospital: H) affects the agreement between glomerular filtration rate (GFR) values estimated by Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI), Cockcroft-Gault (CG) and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equations.
comparison between NH residents and H patients.
we used data from 177 NH residents, and 439 H patients.
the agreement between estimating equations and the odds of a discrepancy >25% between formulas in relation to setting (NH versus H) were investigated.
the agreement between MDRD and CKD-EPI formulas was good either in NH (k = 0.82) or H (k = 0.87) patients, while corresponding figures for CG indicate only a fair agreement with CKD-EPI (k = 0.50 for both populations). Setting (NH versus H) was associated with discordance between MDRD and CKD-EPI (OR = 3.97; 95% CI = 1.75-9.01), but not between CG and EPI (OR = 1.25; 95% CI = 0.87-1.81).
in NH residents, MDRD and CKD-EPI formulas yield highly concordant GFR values, but CG behaves differently in up to one-third of patients. Such findings have important implications in dosing drugs cleared by the kidney. Setting should be taken into consideration in studies for validation of GFR equations.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Few studies have investigated the reliability of formulas estimating renal function in very old people.
We studied 154 elderly people (mean age: 82 yrs). Serum creatinine (SC) was measured by the Jaffé method, and creatinine clearance (CrCl) with 24-h urine collection. Agreement was measured with the average ratio estimated/measured CrCl, and precision with the 95% agreement intervals (95% AI). We calculated the proportion of residents correctly classified as having renal insufficiency (accuracy).
The Cockcroft-Gault (CG) and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease 1 (MDRD1) formulas showed good average agreement with measured CrCl (0.95 and 1.016, respectively); the MDRD2 formula was more biased. Results were consistent in women, whereas the MDRD1 was more biased in men (average ratio: 1.196). The 95% AI showed that all formulas can yield results as low as 50% or as high as 200% of measured CrCl. The proportion of people with CrCl<60 ml/min misclassified by the CG, MDRD1, and MDRD2 formulas as having normal renal function was 21.4%, 27.0%, and 38.8%, respectively. These results were consistent across the various subgroups, especially in subjects with normal SC.
The clinical usefulness of formulas commonly used to estimate CrCl was limited, regardless of subjects' characteristics.
No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · Aging clinical and experimental research