[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fungal peritonitis is a rare but serious complication in children on peritoneal dialysis. Clinical presentation of fungal peritonitis is similar to bacterial peritonitis and Candida spp. are the most common agent. Fungal peritonitis has been usually associated with high morbidity, mortality and its treatment is difficult. In this report, we present an infant with Acremonium spp. peritonitis. A 7-month-old boy with Down syndrome, congenital heart disease, pulmonary hypertension and congestive heart failure required peritoneal dialysis for his persistent pulmonary oedema and symptomatic hyponatremia. Acremonium spp. peritonitis developed while he was on extended spectrum antibiotics and fluconazole. The patient was successfully treated with peritoneal dialysis catheter removal and liposomal amphotericin B. The case was presented to draw attention to a rare cause of peritonitis -Acremonium spp. - in a paediatric patient.
No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology: official organ of the International Association of Asthmology (INTERASMA) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia e Inmunología