Eliete S Rodrigues

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

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Publications (9)19.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin II (AngII) and kinins, bradykinin (BK) and des-Arg9-bradykinin (DBK), are potent agents involved in the maintenance of blood pressure and several biological activities, and their better understanding is important to produce new drugs aimed to control arterial blood pressure. Previous studies on ligand-receptor binding have been based on radioactive methods, what led us to study a new method based on the fluorimetric method. A lanthanide attached to the N-terminal segment of the peptide (AngII, BK and DBK), which produces a time-resolved-fluorescent ligand, was used in a binding test with CHO cells expressing the AT1, AT2, B1 or B2 receptors in comparison with the same cell line tested with the radioactive ligand. Our findings indicated that the non-radioactive method provided a comparable result for the angiotensin receptors. On the other hand, the kinin receptors showed a slight reduction in the binding affinity, probably due to the linkage at the N-terminal segment and/or to the lower biological stability associated to the high temperature (37 °C) used for the fluorimetric method, while the radioactive one was at 4 °C. We can conclude that a time-resolved fluorescence assay would provide a sensitive method as an alternative tool for receptor studies.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of pharmacological and toxicological methods
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    ABSTRACT: Bradykinin (BK) is a nonapeptide important for several physiological processes such as vasodilatation, increase in vascular permeability and release of inflammatory mediators. BK performs its actions by coupling to and activating the B2 receptor, a family A G-protein coupled receptor. Using a strategy which allows systematical monitoring of BK R1 and R9 residues and B2 receptor acidic residues Glu5.35(226) and Asp6.58(298), our study aims at clarifying the BK interaction profile with the B2 receptor [receptor residue numbers are normalized according to Ballesteros and Weinstein, Methods Neurosci. 25 (1995), pp. 366-428) followed by receptor sequence numbering in brackets]. N- and C-terminal analogs of BK (-A1, -G1, -K1, -E1 and BK-A9) were tested against wild type B2, Glu5.35(226)Ala and Asp6.58(298)Ala B2 mutant receptors for their affinity and capability to elicit responses by mechanical recordings of isolated mice stomach fundus, measuring intracellular calcium mobilization, and competitive fluorimetric binding assays. BK showed 2- and 15-fold decreased potency for Glu5.35(226) and Asp6.58(298) B2 mutant receptors, respectively. In B2-Glu5.35(226)Ala BK analogs showed milder reduction in evaluated parameters. On the other hand, in the B2-Asp6.58(298)Ala mutant, no N-terminal analog was able to elicit any response. However, the BK-A9 analog presented higher affinity parameters than BK in the latter mutant. These findings provide enough support for defining a novel interaction role of BK-R9 and Asp6.58(298) receptor residues.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Biological Chemistry
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    E S Rodrigues · R P Martin · R F Silva · C R Nakaie · L Oliveira · S I Shimuta
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    ABSTRACT: Mutant forms of kinin B(1) receptor (B(1)R) and analogs of the full agonist des-Arg(9)-bradykinin (DABK) were investigated aiming to verify the importance of selected receptor residues and of each agonist-peptide residue in the specific binding and activation. Linked by a specific disulfide bond (Cys(100)-Cys(650)), the N-terminal (N(t)) and the EC3 loop C-terminal (C(t)) segments of angiotensin II (AngII) receptor 1 (AT(1)R) have been identified to form an extracellular site for binding the agonist N(t) segment (Asp(1) and Arg(2) residues). Asp(712) residue at the receptor EC3 loop binds the peptide Arg(2) residue. By homology, a similar site might be considered for DABK binding to B(1)R since this receptor contains the same structural elements for composing the site in AT(1)R, namely the disulfide bond and the EC3 loop Asp(712) residue. DABK, Ala(n)-DABK analogs (n = Ala(1)-, Ala(2)-, Ala(3)-, Ala(4)-, Ala(5)-, Ala(6)-, Ala(7)-, Ala(8)-DABK,) and other analogs were selected to binding wild-type, Asp712Ala and Cys100Ser mutated B(1)R receptors. The results obtained suggested that the same bimodal scheme adopted for AngII-AT(1)R system may be applied to DABK binding to B(1)R. The most crucial similarity in the two cases is that the N(t) segments of peptides equally bind to the homologous Asp(712) residue of both AT(1)R and B(1)R extracellular sites. Confirming this preliminary supposition, mutation of residues located at the B(1)R extracellular site as EC3 loop Asp(712) and Cys(100) caused the same modifications in biological assays observed in AT(1)R submitted to homologous mutations, such as significant weakening of agonist binding and reduction of post-receptor-activation processes. These findings provided enough support for defining a site that determines the specific binding of DABK to B(1)R receptors.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · Regulatory Peptides
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    ABSTRACT: Bradykinin (BK) and des-Arg(9)-bradykinin (DBK) of kallikrein-kinin system exert its effects mediated by the B(2) (B(2)R) and B(1) (B(1)R) receptors, respectively. It was already shown that the deletion of kinin B(1)R or of B(2)R induces upregulation of the remaining receptor subtype [10,12,16,28,36]. However studies on overexpression of B(1)R or B(2)R in transgenic animals have supported the importance of the overexpressed receptor but the expression of the another receptor subtype has not been determined [17,19,33]. Previous study described a marked vasodilatation and increased susceptibility to endotoxic shock which was associated with increased mortality in response to DBK in thoracic aorta from transgenic rat overexpressing the kinin B(1)R (TGR(Tie(2)B(1))) exclusively in the endothelium. In another study, mice overexpressing B(1)R in multiple tissues were shown to present high susceptibility to inflammation and to lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxic shock. Therefore the role of B(2)R was investigated in the thoracic aorta isolated from TGR(Tie(2)B(1)) rats overexpressing the B(1)R exclusively in the vascular endothelium. Our findings provided evidence for highly increased expression level of the B(2)R in the transgenic rats. It was reported that under endotoxic shock, these rats exhibited exaggerated hypotension, bradycardia and mortality. It can be suggested that the high mortality during the pathogenesis of endotoxic shock provoked in the transgenic TGR(Tie(2)B(1)) rats could be due to the enhanced expression of B(2)R associated with the overexpression of the B(1)R.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · Peptides
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    Full-text · Dataset · Dec 2012
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    ABSTRACT: Previous research showed that disruption of the Cys(18)-Cys(274) bond in the angiotensin II (AngII) AT₁ receptor mutant (C18S), expressed in CHO cells, causes an increase in the basal activity and attenuation of the maximum response to AngII. In addition, this mutant was mostly intracellularly distributed. Our aim was to investigate whether the intracellular presence of the mutant was due to a constitutive internalization or to a defective maturation of the receptor. The first hypothesis was assessed by pretreating the cells with losartan or [Sar¹Leu⁸]-AngII, specific AT₁ receptor antagonists, a maneuver to revert the receptor internalization. The second hypothesis was tested using calnexin, an endoplasmic reticulum marker. We found that treatment with AT₁ receptor antagonists causes an increase in the binding ability of the mutant to AngII. Furthermore, whereas the maximum effect is increased, it reduces the enhanced basal levels of IP₃. The hypothesis for a lack of maturation of the mutant receptor was ruled out because calnexin was poorly colocalized with the intracellular C18S receptor. Our results suggest that the mutation of the AT₁ receptor leads to a conformational structure similar to that of the active mode of the AT₁ receptor, favoring its internalization in the absence of the agonist.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2010 · Biological Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies on angiotensin II (AngII) AT(1) receptor function have revealed that the N-terminal residues of AngII may modulate receptor activation by binding at the receptor extracellular site. A remarkable feature of this site is an insertion of 8 amino acids in the middle of the EC-3 loop including the Cys(274) residue that supposedly makes a disulfide bond with N-terminal Cys(18). As demonstrated by assays with Del(267-275)AT(1), the role of the Cys(18)-Cys(274) disulfide bridge is to keep a conformation of the inserted residues that allows a normal binding of the AngII N-terminal residues. C18S AT(1) receptor mutant, supposedly having a dissociated disulfide bridge, but an intact residue insertion, is constitutively activated and can less efficiently bind AngII. Similar results were observed when the S-S disulfide bond was disrupted in (C18S,C274S) AT(1) receptor. The importance of the free N-terminal amino group of Asp(1) and of the Arg(2) guanidino group for the binding of AngII to C18S mutant with EC-3 loop insertion was investigated by means of assays using AngII peptide analogues bearing a single mutation of Asp(1) for Sar(1) or Arg(2) for Lys(2), as ligands. This study showed that like AngII, [Sar(1)]-AngII can bind the C18S mutant receptor with low affinity whereas [Lys(2)]-AngII binding is still more reduced. Interestingly, when (125)I-AngII instead of (3)H-AngII was used, no significant binding of this mutant was observed although wild type AT(1) receptor was shown to bind all AngII analogues.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Regulatory Peptides
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    ABSTRACT: Bradykinin (BK) is a vasorelaxant, algesic and inflammatory agent. Angiotensin II (AngII) is known to control vascular tone and promote growth, inflammation and artherogenesis. There is evidence for cross talking between BK and AngII receptors. Therefore, the effect of lack of kinin receptors was assessed in mice with genetic disruption of B(1) or B(2) and both receptors. Responsiveness of abdominal aortic rings to BK and AngII as well as the receptor gene expression of both peptides were analysed. Although no specific phenotype was displayed in the normotensive and healthy mice lacking the kinin receptors, a decreased expression level of the remaining kinin receptor mRNA was observed. AT(1) receptor mRNA level was also reduced, indicating that kinin receptors regulate AngII receptors. Downregulation of the receptors was well correlated with reduction in the reactivity of both agonists to induce contraction of aortic rings, but other signal regulations must be sought in these transgenic mice. We conclude that cross talk between kinin and AngII receptors occurs in mouse abdominal aorta and that both peptides may regulate the initiation and progression of important pathophysiological processes, such as hypertension and inflammation.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Biological Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown that the vascular reactivity of the mouse aorta differs substantially from that of the rat aorta in response to several agonists such as angiotensin II, endothelin-1 and isoproterenol. However, no information is available about the agonists bradykinin (BK) and DesArg(9)BK (DBK). Our aim was to determine the potential expression of kinin B(1) and B(2) receptors in the abdominal mouse aorta isolated from C57BL/6 mice. Contraction and relaxation responses to BK and DBK were investigated using isometric recordings. The kinins were unable to induce relaxation but concentration-contraction response curves were obtained by applying increasing concentrations of the agonists BK and DBK. These effects were blocked by the antagonists Icatibant and R-715, respectively. The potency (pD(2)) calculated from the curves was 7.0 +/- 0.1 for BK and 7.3 +/- 0.2 for DBK. The efficacy was 51 +/- 2% for BK and 30 +/- 1% for DBK when compared to 1 microM norepinephrine. The concentration-dependent responses of BK and DBK were markedly inhibited by the arachidonic acid inhibitor indomethacin (1 microM), suggesting a mediation by the cyclooxygenase pathway. These contractile responses were not potentiated in the presence of the NOS inhibitor L-NAME (1 mM) or endothelium-denuded aorta, indicating that the NO pathway is not involved. We conclude that the mouse aorta constitutively contains B(1) and B(2) subtypes of kinin receptors and that stimulation with BK and DBK induces contractile effect mediated by endothelium-independent vasoconstrictor prostanoids.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2007 · Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research