E Swanson-Hyland

Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences, Kansas City, Missouri, United States

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Publications (3)22.25 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We developed a test battery as an inexpensive and objective aid for the early diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD) and its differential diagnoses. The test battery incorporates tests of motor function, olfaction, and mood. In the motor task, a wrist flexion-and-extension task to different targets, movement velocities were recorded. Olfaction was tested with the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test. Mood was assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory. An initial regression model was developed from the results of 19 normal control subjects and 18 patients with early, mild, probable iPD. Prospective application to an independent validation set of 122 normal control subjects and 103 patients resulted in an 88% specificity rate and 69% sensitivity rate, with an area under the Receiver Operator Characteristic curve of 0.87.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2000 · Movement Disorders
  • J H Friedman · W C Koller · M C Lannon · K Busenbark · E Swanson-Hyland · D Smith
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    ABSTRACT: Four open-label studies have reported beneficial effects of clozapine on the tremor of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). We performed a double-blind crossover trial with a 2-week washout, comparing low-dose clozapine to benztropine for the treatment of tremor in PD. Twenty-two subjects enrolled and 19 completed the study. Benztropine and clozapine were equally effective in improving tremor and the motor score of the United Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale at mean doses of 3.0 and 39 mg/day, respectively. Significant adverse events were experienced with each drug, but leukopenia was not encountered. We conclude that the atypical antipsychotic drug clozapine is helpful in the treatment of tremor in PD and should be considered when all other drug therapies fail.
    No preview · Article · May 1997 · Neurology
  • R Pahwa · K Busenbark · E F Swanson-Hyland · R M Dubinsky · J P Hubble · C Gray · W C Koller
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    ABSTRACT: We examined in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study the effects of botulinum toxin in 10 patients with essential head tremor. Each subject received two treatments approximately 3 months apart, one with botulinum toxin injections and another with normal saline injections into the sternocleidomastoid and splenius capitis muscles. The subjects were assessed before each treatment and at 2, 4, and 8 weeks after injections. There was moderate to marked improvement in clinical ratings in five subjects after botulinum toxin injections and in one subject after placebo. There was moderate to marked subjective improvement in five patients with botulinum toxin as compared with three subjects with placebo. Side effects were mild and transient. We conclude that botulinum toxin may be useful for patients with essential head tremor who have failed to benefit from oral medications.
    No preview · Article · May 1995 · Neurology

Publication Stats

174 Citations
22.25 Total Impact Points

Top Journals


  • 1997
    • Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences
      • Department of Neurology
      Kansas City, Missouri, United States
  • 1995
    • Kansas City VA Medical Center
      Kansas City, Missouri, United States