[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A pulsatile, membrane type pump, TPP, was developed for use in routine cardiac surgery. The artificial ventricle consists of a polycarbonate housing with an inlet and outlet polyurethane tricuspid valve. The membrane is actuated hydraulically. For pre-clinical studies, we designed a study in sheep. After a pump run of 6 hours the animals were allowed to recover and sacrificed after 72 hours. All clinical parameters returned to normal values (p > 0.05 vs. control values). During pump run we found elevated free plasma hemoglobine. However, these values returned to normal until the end of the observation period. Thereafter, the device was used in ten routine cardiac surgery procedures. All patients survived the procedure and were discharged from hospital. The postoperative course of lab parameters (kidney, liver and blood count) was no different to routine cardiac surgical procedures. This pulsatile pump system can thus be safely employed in cardiac surgery.
No preview · Article · Aug 1997 · The International journal of artificial organs
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Postischemic myocardial dysfunction affects morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. It is known that mechanical unloading of the left heart ventricle can positively influence postischemic myocardial dysfunction. In this respect we tested two miniaturised axial flow pumps, i.e. the 14-F and the 21-F Hemopump. An experimental study was carried out on 30 open chest sheep where regional myocardial wall motion was followed using sonomicrometry in a preparation of transient coronary artery occlusion. Only the larger 21-F Hemopump showed hemodynamically significant unloading of the left ventricle. Furthermore, as far as stunning is concerned, systolic wall thickening recovered better when this type of pump was used during reperfusion. Also postejection thickening, which is an indication of diastolic postischemic dysfunction, is reduced significantly in the postischemic area (ANOVA, p < 0.05). Thus, the 21F Hemopump, but not the 14F Hemopump, provides adequate mechanical unloading in order to beneficially influence myocardial stunning.
No preview · Article · Dec 1995 · The International journal of artificial organs