Publications (7)28.2 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective To identify circulating biomarkers that originate from atherosclerotic vulnerable plaques and that could predict future cardiovascular events. Methods After a protein enrichment step (combinatorial peptide ligand library approach), we performed a two-dimensional electrophoresis comparative analysis on human carotid plaque protein extracts (fibrotic and hemorrhagic atherosclerotic plaques). In silico analysis of the biological processes was applied on proteomic data. Luminex xMAP assays were used to quantify inflammatory components in carotid plaques. The systemic quantification of proteins originating from vulnerable plaques in blood samples from patients with stable and unstable coronary disease was evaluated. Results A total of 118 proteins are differentially expressed in fibrotic and hemorrhagic plaques, and allowed the identification of three biological processes related to atherosclerosis (platelet degranulation, vascular autophagy and negative regulation of fibrinolysis). The multiplex assays revealed an increasing expression of VEGF, IL-6, IL-8, IP-10 and RANTES in hemorrhagic as compared to fibrotic plaques (p < 0.05). Measurement of protein expressions in plasmas from patients with stable and unstable coronary disease identified a combination of biomarkers, including proteins of the smooth muscle cell integrity (Calponin-1), oxidative stress (DJ-1) and inflammation (IL-8), that allows the accurate classification of patients at risk (p = 0.0006). Conclusion Using tissue protein enrichment technology, we validated proteins that are differentially expressed in hemorrhagic plaques as potential circulating biomarkers of coronary patients. Combinations of such circulating biomarkers could be used to stratify coronary patients.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous proteomics experiments have demonstrated that several proteins are differentially expressed in vulnerable human carotid plaques compared with stable plaques. This study aims to investigate the prognostic value of 13 such circulating biomarkers in patients with coronary artery disease. Between 2008 and 2011, 768 patients who underwent coronary angiography for acute coronary syndrome or stable angina pectoris were included in a prospective biomarker study. Plasma concentrations of 13 biomarkers were measured in 88 patients who experienced a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) within 1 year and 176 control patients without MACE who were matched on age, sex, and number of diseased coronary vessels. MACE comprised all-cause mortality, acute coronary syndrome, unplanned coronary revascularization, and stroke. After adjustment for established cardiovascular risk factors, osteoglycin (OGN; odds ratio per SD increase in ln-transformed OGN, 1.53; 95% confidence interval, 1.11-2.11; P=0.010) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin/matrix metalloproteinase 9 (NGAL/MMP9; odds ratio per SD increase in ln-transformed NGAL/MMP9, 1.37; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.85; P=0.042) complex were independently associated with MACE during follow-up. These associations were independent of C-reactive protein levels. Adding OGN or NGAL/MMP9 to a model containing conventional risk factors did not significantly improve discriminatory power (OGN: area under receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.75 versus 0.67; NGAL/MMP9: 0.73 versus 0.67) but did significantly improve risk reclassification (OGN: net reclassification index=0.29; 95% confidence interval, 0.05-0.53; P<0.019; NGAL/MMP9: net reclassification index=0.44; 95% confidence interval, 0.20-0.69; P<0.001). Circulating OGN and NGAL/MMP9 complex are promising biomarkers that are expressed in vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques and may have incremental value for prediction of MACE within 1 year after coronary angiography.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: After synthesis by cardiomyocytes, precursor proBNP1-108 is cleaved into NT-proBNP and BNP. Recently, cross-reactivity between these assays was discussed. The aim of this study was to characterize the cross-reactivities, through a new biochemical innovative approach consisting in the total depletion of the circulating proBNP1-108 in patients with heart failure (HF). This prospective study included 180 patients with chronic HF. BNP and NT-proBNP were dosed with commercial kits. ProBNP1-108 was determined using an ELISA research assay specific to the precursor. ProBNP1-108 depletion was performed by immunocapture with a specific antibody targeting exclusively the ProBNP1-108 hinge region. ProBNP1-108, BNP and NT-proBNP levels were determined before and after depletion using this process in HF patients. Mean age was 74.34 +/-12.5 y, and 69% of patients were males. NYHA classes II and III were the most frequent (32% and 45% respectively). Before depletion, ProBNP1-108, NT-proBNP and BNP levels were 316.8+/-265.9 pg/ml; 6,054.0+/-11,539 pg/ml and 684.3+/-82.1 pg/ml respectively, and were closely correlated with NHYA classes. After immuno-depletion, proBNP1-108 was decreased in mean by 96% (p<0.0001), BNP by 53% (p<0.0001) and NT-proBNP by 5%. The relationship between BNP or NT-proBNP and NHYA classes remained unchanged. Current BNP and NT-proBNP assays measured as well proBNP molecule. This cross reactivity percentage has been controversial. Thanks to the removal of circulating proBNP1-108 with our immunodepletion process, we are now able to assess the remaining "true" BNP and NT-proBNP molecules and further evaluate their clinical relevance.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atherosclerosis is one of the most important causes of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Although phenotypic differentiation between stable and unstable plaques is currently possible, proteomic analysis of the atherosclerotic plaque could offer a global view of the atherosclerosis pathology. With the objective to highlight the detection of low-abundance proteins, we reduced the dynamic range of proteins by combinatorial peptide ligand library treatment of human carotid artery atherosclerotic plaques. After enrichment step, abundance of major proteins was decreased, revealing different protein profiles as assessed by both SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and two-dimensional electrophoresis comparative analyses. Identification of proteins that were contained in a spot allowed finding large differences between noncomplicated and complicated plaques from carotid atherosclerotic lesions. Novel low-abundance proteins were detected correlating very well with biological alterations related to atherosclerosis (heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) isoforms, aldehyde dehydrogenase, moesin, Protein kinase C delta-binding protein, and inter-α trypsin inhibitor family heavy chain-related protein (ITIH4)). At the same time, the differential expression of known proteins of interest such as hemoglobin β-chain and heat shock protein 27 between noncomplicated and hemorrhagic complicated plaques was maintained after enrichment step. The detection of different isoforms of a low-abundance protein such as heat shock protein 27 species was actually improved after enrichment of tissue protein extracts. All of these findings clearly support further investigations in view to confirm the role of these proteins as possible biomarkers.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: B-Type natriuretic peptide (BNP1-32) as well as the N-terminal fragment of the prohormone containing residues 1-76 (NT-proBNP1-76), both cleavage products of the precursor proBNP1-108, are reported to be powerful markers for prognosis and risk stratification of heart failure. However, the intact precursor also circulates in the bloodstream. Assays for the detection of these cleavage products have been developed, but most of these assays may overestimate the concentrations of the cleavage products because they also measure the precursor form. It is therefore important to develop an immunoassay that specifically measures solely proBNP1-108 in plasma. After carefully designing the peptide used to immunize mice, we selected a specific monoclonal antibody (mAb Hinge76) that recognizes the cleavage site of proBNP1-108, an epitope present only in the precursor form. mAb Hinge76 recognizes recombinant proBNP1-108 in a dose-dependent manner, without any significant cross-reactivity with either recombinant NT-proBNP1-76 or synthetic BNP1-32. By combining mAb Hinge76 with a polyclonal antibody directed against BNP1-32, we were able to set up a proBNP1-108-specific sandwich immunoassay able to confirm the presence of proBNP1-108 in blood samples. From a cohort of 50 healthy persons and 170 patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), our assay was able to differentiate healthy individuals from CHF patients (P <0.005). Interestingly, plasma proBNP1-108 concentrations were correlated with New York Heart Association classification. Moreover, a close relationship between proBNP1-108 and BNP1-32 concentrations may exist, as a good correlation (r2= 0.89) was obtained when their respective concentrations were compared. mAb Hinge76 is the first proBNP1-108-specific mAb produced that allows accurate estimation of proBNP1-108 concentrations in plasma.