[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The 2-acylamino-5-nitro-1,3-thiazole derivatives (1–14) were prepared using a one step reaction. All compounds were tested in vitro against four neglected protozoan parasites (Giardia intestinalis, Trichomonas vaginalis, Leishmania amazonensis and Trypanosoma cruzi). Acetamide (9), valeroylamide (10), benzamide (12), methylcarbamate (13) and ethyloxamate (14) derivatives were the most active compounds against G. intestinalis and T. vaginalis, showing nanomolar inhibition. Compound 13 (IC50 =10 nM), was 536-times more active than metronidazole, and 121-fold more effective than nitazoxanide against G. intestinalis. Compound 14 was 29-times more active than metronidazole and 6.5-fold more potent than nitazoxanide against T. vaginalis. Ureic derivatives 2, 3 and 5 showed moderate activity against L. amazonensis. None of them were active against T. cruzi. Ligand efficiency indexes analysis revealed higher intrinsic quality of the most active 2-acylamino derivatives than nitazoxanide and metronidazole. In silico toxicity profile was also computed for the most active compounds. A very low in vitro mammalian cytotoxicity was obtained for 13 and 14, showing selectivity indexes (SI) of 246300 and 141500, respectively. Nitazoxanide showed an excellent leishmanicidal and trypanocidal effect, repurposing this drug as potential new antikinetoplastid parasite compound
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The 2-arylsulfonylaminobenzothiazole derivatives 1-27 were prepared using a one step reaction. The in vitro inhibitory activity of the compounds against protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP-1B) was evaluated. Compounds 4 and 16 are rapid reversible (mixed-type) inhibitors of PTP-1B with IC(50) values in the low micromolar range. The most active compounds (4 and 16) were docked into the crystal structure of PTP-1B. Docking results indicate potential hydrogen bond interactions between the nitro group in both compounds and the catalytic amino acid residues Arg 221 and Ser 216. Both compounds were evaluated for their in vivo antihyperglycemic activity in a type 2 diabetes mellitus rat model, showing significant lowering of plasma glucose concentration, during the 7h post-intragastric administration.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: N-(6-Substituted-1,3-benzothiazol-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide derivatives 1-8 were synthesized and evaluated for their in vivo antidiabetic activity in a non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus rat model. Several compounds synthesized showed significant lowering of plasma glucose level in this model. As a possible mode of action, the compounds were in vitro evaluated as 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) inhibitors. The most active compounds (3 and 4) were docked into the crystal structure of 11beta-HSD1. Docking results indicate potential hydrogen bond interactions with catalytic amino acid residues.