Publications (2)1.29 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Extensive trials have indicated that cancer cells with high glycolytic activity exhibit decreased sensitivity to anticancer agents. Moreover, recent research has proven that specific inhibitors of hexokinase (HK) II, a key glycolytic enzyme, may enhance the activity of anticancer drugs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanisms of HK II on chemosensitivity of a colon cancer cell line (LoVo) to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). HK II gene expression was downregulated by RNA interference in the colon cancer cell line LoVo, which was detected by Western blot analysis. Then the IC(50) value of 5-FU was determined in LoVo cells via MTT assay. In addition, cell apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were assessed by flow cytometry and caspase-3 activity by its substrate color reaction. In LoVo cells, HK II downregulation resulted in a decreased IC(50) value of 5-FU and increased apoptosis. Furthermore, HK II downregulation resulted in a decreased MPP and activation of caspase-3. Our findings suggest that targeting HK II may be beneficial for patients with colon cancer treated with 5-FU.
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of hexokinase (HK)-II gene in human colon cancer cells and the therapeutic significance of inhibition of HK-II gene. Human colon cancer cells of the lines HCT-116, LOVO, HT-19, and SW480 were cultured. The mRNA expression and protein expression of HK-II in these cells were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting respectively. 3-Bromopyruvic acid (3-BrPA), a HK-II specific inhibitor, of different concentrations was added into the culture fluid of the colon cancer cells for 48 h, then MTT method was used to examine the proliferation of the cells. 3-BrPA combined with adriamycin (ADM) of the concentrations of 0.05 and 0.1 microg/ml, or with oxaliplatin (L-OHP) of the concentration of 0.5 and 1.0 microg/ml was added into culture fluid for 48 h to observe the change of the cell proliferation rate. 3-BrPA of different concentrations was co-cultivated with LOVO cells for 24 h, and then enzyme labeling instrument was used to measure the activity of caspase-3, a cell apoptosis signal. 3-BrPA and CaCl2 were added into the culture fluid of LOVO cells and then ultra-violet spectrum was used to detect the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP) opening degree. Flow cytometry (FCM), with addition of 10 microg/ml Rh123, was used to measure the mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim) of LOVO cells. Both HK-II mRNA and HK-II protein were expressed in the HCT-116, LOVO, HT-19, and SW480 cells. Treated by 3-BrPA combined with ADM of the concentrations of 0.05 and 0.1 microg/ml for 48 h, the cell proliferation inhibiting rates in the 4 lines were increased from 5.1% +/- 1.3% and 10.5% +/- 2.0% to 46.5% +/- 3.2% and 57.9% +/- 3.3% respectively (all P < 0.01). Treated by 3-BrPA combined with L-OHP of the concentration of 0.5 and 1.0 microg/ml for 48 h, the cell proliferation inhibiting rates were increased from 19.2% +/- 6.1% and 32.2% +/- 2.2% to 48.4% +/- 3.2% and 60.5% +/- 4.6% respectively (all P < 0.01). 24 h after the co-cultivation of 3-BrPA of different concentrations, the caspase-3 activity of the LOVO cells was increased along with the increase of the concentration of 3-BrPA (P = 0.000). The PTP opening degrees induced by 3-BrPA and CaCl(2) of the LOVO cells were 40.0% +/- 3.5% and 37.4% +/- 2.3% respectively (P = 0.348). After treated with 100 microml/L 3-BrPA for 1, 3, and 5 h, the DeltaPsim decrease rates of the LOVO cells were 12.7%, 15.4%, and 26.8% respectively. HK-II gene may be an effective therapeutic target for gene may be an effective therapeutic target for gene may be an effective therapeutic target for colon cancer.
Third Military Medical University
Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
- Institute of Pathology and Southwest Cancer Center