D Haluzíková

Charles University in Prague, Praha, Praha, Czech Republic

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Publications (63)112.4 Total impact

  • Martin Haluzik · Denisa Haluziková

    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism
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    ABSTRACT: Omentin is a novel adipokine with insulin-sensitizing effects expressed predominantly in visceral fat. We investigated serum omentin levels and its mRNA expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) of 11 women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), 37 obese non-diabetic women (OB) and 26 healthy lean women (C) before and after various weight loss interventions: 2-week very-low-calorie diet (VLCD), 3-month regular exercise and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). At baseline, both T2DM and OB groups had decreased serum omentin concentrations compared with C group while omentin mRNA expression in SCAT did not significantly differ among the groups. Neither VLCD nor exercise significantly affected serum omentin concentrations and its mRNA expression in SCAT of OB or T2DM group. LSG significantly increased serum omentin levels in OB group. In contrast, omentin mRNA expression in SCAT was significantly reduced after LSG. Baseline fasting serum omentin levels in a combined group of the studied subjects (C, OB, T2DM) negatively correlated with BMI, CRP, insulin, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and leptin and were positively related to HDL-cholesterol. Reduced circulating omentin levels could play a role in the etiopathogenesis of obesity and T2DM. The increase in circulating omentin levels and the decrease in omentin mRNA expression in SCAT of obese women after LSG might contribute to surgery-induced metabolic improvements and sustained reduction of body weight.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca
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    ABSTRACT: Low-grade inflammation links obesity, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular diseases. We investigated the effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on expression profile of genes involved in inflammatory pathways in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) and peripheral monocytes (PM). At baseline, obese group had significantly increased mRNA expression of proinflammatory chemokines (CCL-3, -17, -22), chemokine receptor CCR1 and cytokines (IL-10, IL-18) in SCAT and chemokine and other proinflammatory receptors (CCR-1, -2, -3, TLR-2, -4) in PM relative to control group. LSG decreased body weight, improved metabolic profile and reduced mRNA expression of up-regulated chemokine receptors, chemokines and cytokines in SCAT. In contrast, expression profiles in PM were largely unaffected by LSG. We conclude that LSG improved proinflammatory profile in subcutaneous fat but not in peripheral monocytes. The sustained proinflammatory and chemotactic profile in PM even 2 years after LSG may contribute to partial persistence of metabolic complications in obese patients after metabolic surgery.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: Appropriate differentiation capacity of adipose tissue significantly affects its ability to store lipids and to protect nonadipose tissues against lipid spillover and development of insulin resistance. Preadipocyte factor-1 (Pref-1) is an important negative regulator of preadipocyte differentiation. The aim of our study was to explore the changes in circulating Pref-1 concentrations in female subjects with obesity (OB) (n=19), females with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (n=22), and sex- and age-matched healthy control subjects (C) (n=22), and to study its modulation by very low calorie diet (VLCD), acute hyperinsulinemia during isoglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp, and 3 months' treatment with PPAR-α agonist fenofibrate. At baseline, serum Pref-1 concentrations were significantly higher in patients with T2DM compared to control group, while only nonsignificant trend towards higher levels was observed in OB group. 3 weeks of VLCD decreased Pref-1 levels in both OB and T2DM group, whereas 3 months of fenofibrate treatment had no significant effect. Hyperinsulinemia during the clamp significantly suppressed Pref-1 levels in both C and T2DM subjects and this suppression was unaffected by fenofibrate treatment. In a combined population of all groups, circulating Pref-1 levels correlated positively with insulin, leptin and glucose levels and HOMA (homeostasis model assessment) index. We conclude that elevated Pref-1 concentrations in T2DM subjects may contribute to impaired adipose tissue differentiation capacity associated with insulin resistance in obese patients with T2DM. The decrease of Pref-1 levels after VLCD may be involved in the improvement of metabolic status and the amelioration of insulin resistance in T2DM patients.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Hormone and Metabolic Research
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    ABSTRACT: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-19 and FGF-21 are novel metabolic regulators that improve insulin resistance and obesity in rodents. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on serum concentrations of FGF-19 and FGF-21 along with circulating bile acids and other relevant hormonal and biochemical parameters. Seventeen females with obesity undergoing LSG and 15 lean healthy females were included into the study. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters, serum concentrations of FGF-19 and -21, insulin, adiponectin, leptin, C-reactive protein, resistin, amylin (total), ghrelin (active), glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1, active), glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP, total), peptide YY (PYY, total), pancreatic polypeptide (PP), and bile acids, and mRNA expression of selected adipokines and inflammatory markers in bioptic samples of subcutaneous fat were assessed at baseline and 6, 12, and 24 months after LSG. LSG markedly decreased body weight, BMI, waist circumference, and insulin levels and improved systemic inflammation and lipid levels. FGF-19 concentrations increased and FGF-21 concentrations decreased after LSG along with increased adiponectin and decreased leptin, amylin, and ghrelin levels. GLP-1, GIP, PP, and circulating bile acids were not affected by LSG. PYY decreased significantly 24 months after surgery only. mRNA expression analysis in subcutaneous fat showed markedly reduced proinflammatory state. Our results indicate that increased FGF-19 and decreased ghrelin concentrations could have partially contributed to the improvement of systemic inflammation and some metabolic parameters after LSG, while changes of FGF-21 are rather secondary because of weight loss.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · Obesity
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    ABSTRACT: Context:Catecholamine overproduction in pheochromocytoma affects basal metabolism, resulting in weight loss despite normal food intake.Objective:The objective of the study was to evaluate changes in energy metabolism expressed as resting energy expenditure (REE) in patients with pheochromocytoma before and after adrenalectomy and the possible relationship with circulating inflammatory markers.Design:We measured REE in 17 patients (8 women) with pheochromocytoma by indirect calorimetry (Vmax-Encore 29N system) before and 1 year after adrenalectomy. Body fat percentage was measured with a Bodystat device. Inflammatory markers (leukocytes count and C-reactive protein) and cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-8) were analyzed with a Luminex 200.Results:REE measured in the pheochromocytoma group was 10.4% higher than the predicted value (1731 ± 314 vs 1581 ± 271 kcal/d; P = .004). Adrenalectomy significantly increased body mass index (P =0.004) and the percentage of body fat (P = .01), with a proportional increase in fat distribution (waist circumference, P = .045; hip circumference, P = .001). REE significantly decreased after adrenalectomy (1731 ± 314 vs 1539 ± 215 kcal/d; P = .002), even after adjustments in body surface and body weight (P < .001). After adrenalectomy, we found a significant decrease in leukocyte counts (P = .014) and in the levels of TNF-α (P < .001), IL-6 (P = .048), and IL-8 (P = .007) but not C-reactive protein (P = .09). No significant correlations among calorimetry parameters, hormones, and proinflammatory markers were detected.Conclusions:Chronic catecholamine overproduction in pheochromocytoma may lead to a proinflammatory and hypermetabolic state characterized by increased REE. Adrenalectomy leads to the normalization of energy metabolism followed by an increase in body mass index and body fat content and decreases in inflammatory markers and cytokines.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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    ABSTRACT: We explored serum concentrations and mRNA expression of insulin-like-growth factor-1 (IGF-1) axis components in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) and peripheral monocytes (PM) of 18 healthy females, 11 obese non-diabetic females (OB) and 13 obese women with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) examined at baseline and after very-low-calorie diet (VLCD). T2DM women had decreased expression of IGF-1, IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R), IGFBP-2 (IGF binding protein-2) and IGFBP-3 in SCAT and increased expression of IGF-1R in PM compared to control group. IGF-1R and IGFBP-3 mRNA expression in SCAT of OB was comparable to control group. In T2DM women VLCD increased serum levels and SCAT expression of IGFBP-2 and PM expression of IGFBP-3. We conclude that decreased IGF-1, IGF-1R and IGFBP-3 expression in SCAT and increased IGF-1R expression in PM of T2DM subjects might contribute to changes of fat differentiation capacity and to regulation of subclinical inflammation by PM, respectively. Increased SCAT and circulating IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3 in PM might participate in metabolic improvements after VLCD.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: Preadipocyte factor-1 (Pref-1) is a member of epidermal growth-factor like family of proteins that regulates adipocyte and osteoblast differentiation. Experimental studies suggest that circulating Pref-1 levels may be also involved in the regulation of lipid and glucose metabolism and energy homeostasis. We hypothesized that alterations in Pref-1 levels may contribute to the ethiopathogenesis of anorexia nervosa or its underlying metabolic abnormalities. We measured Pref-1 concentrations and other hormonal, biochemical and anthropometric parameters in eighteen patients with anorexia nervosa and sixteen healthy women and studied the influence of partial realimentation of anorexia nervosa patients on these parameters. The mean duration of realimentation period was 46±2 days. At baseline, anorexia nervosa patients had significantly decreased body mass index, body weight, body fat content, fasting glucose, serum insulin, TSH, free T4, leptin and total protein. Partial realimentation improved these parameters. Baseline serum Pref-1 levels did not significantly differ between anorexia nervosa and control group (0.26±0.02 vs. 0.32±0.05 ng/ml, p=0.295) but partial realimentation significantly increased circulating Pref-1 levels (0.35±0.04 vs. 0.26±0.02 ng/ml, p<0.05). Post-realimentation Pref-1 levels significantly positively correlated with the change of body mass index after realimentation (r=0.49, p<0.05). We conclude that alterations in Pref-1 are not involved in the ethiopathogenesis of anorexia nervosa but its changes after partial realimentation could be involved in the regulation of adipose tissue expansion after realimentation.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca
  • M Haluzík · M Urbanová · D Haluzíková · P Trachta
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    ABSTRACT: Incretin-based therapy functions through the increase of endogenous glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels due to inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4--an enzyme degrading GLP-1 (gliptins) or through the administration of drugs activating GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1 agonists). Both approaches increase insulin and decrease glucagon secretion leading to improved diabetes compensation. The advantages of gliptins include little side effects, body weight neutrality and potential protective effects on pancreatic beta cells. GLP-1 agonists on the top of that consistently decrease body weight and blood pressure and their effects on diabetes compensation and likelihood of protective effects on beta cells is somewhat higher than those of gliptins. Another advantage of both approaches includes their safety with respect to induction of hypoglycemia. In addition to well-known metabolic effects, other potentially benefitial consequences of incretin based therapy in both type 2 diabetic and non-diabetic patients are anticipated. Direct positive effects of incretin-based therapy on myocardial metabolism and function as well as its positive influence on endothelial dysfunction and neuroprotective effects are intensively studied. The possible indications for GLP-1 agonists could be in future further widened to obese patients with type 1 diabetes and obese patients without diabetes. The aim of this review is to summarize both metabolic and extrapancreatic effects of incretin-based therapies and to outline perspectives of potential wider use of this treatment approach.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Vnitr̆ní lékar̆ství

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2011 · European Journal of Internal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to measure serum concentrations of fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF-19) in patients with obesity (OB), obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and healthy subjects (C) at baseline and after selected interventions. We measured serum FGF-19 levels and other biochemical and hormonal parameters in 29 OB and 19 T2DM females and 30 sex- and age-matched control subjects. The interventions were acute hyperinsulinemia during isoglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp (n=11 for T2DM and 10 for C), very-low calorie diet (VLCD, n=12 for OB) and 3 months treatment with PPAR-alpha agonist fenofibrate (n=11 for T2DM). Baseline serum FGF-19 levels were significantly lower in OB relative to C group (132.1+/-12.7 vs. 202.2+/-16.7 pg/ml, p<0.05), while no significant difference was observed between T2DM and OB or control group. Acute hyperinsulinemia tended to decrease FGF-19 levels in both healthy and T2DM subjects. Three weeks of VLCD in OB group had no significant effect on FGF-19, whereas three months of fenofibrate treatment markedly reduced FGF-19 levels in T2DM patients (194.58+/-26.2 vs. 107.47+/-25.0 pg/ml, p<0.05). We conclude that FGF-19 levels in our study were at least partially dependent upon nutritional status, but were not related to parameters of glucose metabolism or insulin sensitivity.
    Preview · Article · May 2011 · Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca
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    ABSTRACT: Low-grade inflammation links obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and cardiovascular diseases. To explore the expression profile of genes involved in inflammatory pathways in adipose tissue and peripheral monocytes (PM) of obese patients with and without T2DM at baseline and after dietary intervention. Two-week intervention study with very-low-calorie diet (VLCD). University hospital. Patients: Twelve obese females with T2DM, 8 obese nondiabetic females (OB) and 15 healthy age-matched females. Two weeks of VLCD (2500 kJ/d). Metabolic parameters, circulating cytokines, hormones, and mRNA expression of 39 genes in sc adipose tissue (SCAT) and PM. Both T2DM and OB group had significantly increased serum concentrations of circulating proinflammatory factors (C-reactive protein, TNFα, IL-6, IL-8), mRNA expression of macrophage antigen CD68 and proinflammatory chemokines (CCL-2, -3, -7, -8, -17, -22) in SCAT and complementary chemokine receptors (CCR-1, -2, -3, -5) and other proinflammatory receptors (toll-like receptor 2 and 4, TNF receptor superfamily 1A and 1B, IL-6R) in PM, with OB group showing less pronounced chemoattracting and proinflammatory profile compared to T2DM group. In T2DM patients VLCD decreased body weight, improved metabolic profile, and decreased mRNA expression of up-regulated CCRs in PM and chemokines [CCL 8, chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10] in SCAT. VLCD markedly increased mRNA expression of T-lymphocyte attracting chemokine CCL-17 in SCAT. Obese patients with and without T2DM have increased mRNA expression of chemotactic and proinflammatory factors in SCAT and expression of corresponding receptors in PM. Two weeks of VLCD significantly improved this profile in T2DM patients.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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    ABSTRACT: Serum adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (FABP-4) concentrations are linked to human obesity and other features of metabolic syndrome. Patients with Cushing´s syndrome (CS) develop numerous features of metabolic syndrome due to chronic cortisol excess. Here we tested the hypothesis that chronically increased cortisol levels in CS patients may alter circulating levels of FABP-4. Fourteen patients with CS, 19 patients with simple obesity (OB) and 36 healthy control subjects (C) were included in the study. Serum FABP-4 concentrations were significantly higher in both CS and OB patients relative to C group, but they did not differ between CS and OB groups. In a combined population of all groups, serum FABP-4 levels correlated positively with BMI, body fat content, serum glucose, triglycerides, HbA1c and HOMA index and were inversely related to HDL-cholesterol, resting energy expenditure and freeT3 levels. We conclude that FABP-4 levels are significantly increased in both patients with simple obesity and obese patients with Cushing´s syndrome. We suggest that increased FABP-4 concentrations in CS patients are rather due to their excessive fat accumulation and related metabolic abnormalities than due to a direct effect of cortisol on FABP-4 production.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2010 · Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca
  • M Haluzík · P Trachta · D Haluzíková
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    ABSTRACT: Adipose tissue had been traditionally considered a passive energy storage site without direct influence on energy homeostasis regulation. This view has been principally changed during early nineties by the discovery of hormonal production of adipose tissue. At present, the list of hormonally active substances of adipose tissue includes more than one hundred factors with paracrine or endocrine activity that play an important role in metabolic, food intake a inflammatory regulations and many other processes. Only minority of adipose tissue-derived hormones is produced exclusively in fat. Most of these factors is primarily put out by other tissues and organs. Adipose tissue-derived hormones are produced not only by adipocytes but also by preadipocytes, immunocompetent and endothelial cells and other cell types residing in fat. This paper summarizes current knowledge about endocrine function of adipose tissue with special respect to its changes in obesity. It also describes its possible role in the ethiopathogenesis of insulin resistance, atherosclerosis and other obesity-related pathologies.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Vnitr̆ní lékar̆ství
  • Mojmir Kasalicky · Radek Pohnan · Denisa Haluzikova · Martin Haluzik

    No preview · Conference Paper · Jun 2010
  • P. Kaválková · D. Haluzíková · M. Haluzík
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    ABSTRACT: At present, the list of factors produced by adipose tissue includes more than a hundred of substances with autocrine, paracrine or endocrine activity that play an important role in metabolic, food intake a inflammatory regulations and many other processes. Hormonal production of adipose tissue is not limited only to adipocytes but other cells such as preadipocytes, immunocompetent and endothelial cells and other cell types residing in fat significantly contribute. In addtion to its endocrine function, adipose tissue is also a place of conversion of some hormones from their inactive precursors. The significance of this process becames more important in patients with obesity. This paper summarizes current knowledge about endocrine function of adipose tissue with special respect to its changes in obesity. It also describes its possible role in the ethiopathogenesis of insulin resistance, atherosclerosis and other obesity-related pathologies.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Diabetologie Metabolismus Endokrinologie Vyziva

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2010
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    ABSTRACT: Exenatide, a synthetic GLP-1 analogue, is a new antidiabetic agent from the group ofincretine mimetics coming into the daily clinical practice. In our study we evaluated the effect of 6-months treatment with exenatide on diabetes compensation, anthropometric and biochemical parameters in the patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity. We included 18 patients with poorly controlled diabetes (mean HbA1c 8.5 +/- 0.3%) treated with diet and peroral antidiabetic agents (4 patients were treated with insulin in the past). Exenatide was administered via subcutaneous injection twice daily for 6 months. Patients were examined after 1 month, when the dose ofexenatide was increased from 5 microg twice daily to 10 microg twice daily and after 3 and 6 months. We evaluated the diabetes compensation, biochemical parameters, body weight changes and side effects ofexenatide. 6-months exenatide treatment significant decreased body weight (baseline vs 6 month treatment 107.3 +/- 4.4 kg vs 103.7 +/- 4.6 kg, p = 0.02), BMI (36.7 +/- 1.2 kg/m2 vs 35.3 +/- 1.3 kg/m2, p = 0.01) a HbA1c (8.5 +/- 0.3% vs 7.4 +/- 0.4%, p = 0.04) and increased HDL-cholesterol (0.92 +/- 0.1 mmol/l vs 0.98 +/- 0.1 mmol/l, p = 0.02). Fasting glycemia tended to decline at the end of the study, but the difference did not reach the statistical significance. The area under the curve of glycemia levels after the standardized breakfast in the subgroup of 8 patients after the 6-months exenatide treatment was significantly lower when compared to baseline values (2,908 +/- 148 vs 2,093 +/- 194, p = 0.03). Concentrations of total and LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides did not change significantly. The most frequent side effects of exenatide treatments were transient anorexia and nausea (38.5%), dyspepsia and functional gastrointestinal discomfort (38.5%) and various neuropsychical symptoms (nervosity and insomnia - 30.8%). Most of the side effects disappeared during the treatment, none of these side effects was a reason for discontinuation of a treatment. 3 minor hypoglycemic episodes occured in patients simultaneously treated with derivates of sulfonylurea, but no serious hypoglycemia occured during the entire study. Exenatide treatment in obese patients with poor diabetes control was accompanied by statistically significant decrease of body weight, improvement of diabetes control and increase in HDL-cholesterol.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Vnitr̆ní lékar̆ství
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    ABSTRACT: Fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21) is a novel endocrine and paracrine regulator of metabolic homeostasis. The aim of our study was to measure its serum concentrations in patients with obesity, obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and healthy subjects (C), and to assess the changes of its circulating levels and mRNA expression after dietary and pharmacological interventions. We measured biochemical parameters, serum FGF21, adiponectin, leptin and insulin levels by commercial ELISA and RIA kits, and mRNA expression in the liver, subcutaneous and visceral fat by RT PCR in 26 obese patients, 11 T2DM patients and 32 control subjects. The interventions were acute hyperinsulinaemia during isoglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamp, very low calorie diet (VLCD) and 3 months treatment with PPAR-alpha agonist fenofibrate. Baseline serum FGF21 levels were significantly higher in both obese and T2DM patients relative to healthy controls. FGF21 levels in obesity did not significantly differ from T2DM group. Both 3 weeks of VLCD and 3 months of fenofibrate treatment significantly increased FGF21 levels. FGF21 mRNA expression in visceral fat was twofold higher in obesity relative to C group, while it did not differ in subcutaneous fat. VLCD significantly increased FGF21 mRNA expression in subcutaneous fat of obesity. 3-h hyperinsulinaemia during the clamp increased FGF21 levels in T2DM but not in C group. An increase in FGF21 levels after VLCD and fenofibrate treatment may contribute to positive metabolic effect of these interventions and suggests the possibility of direct positive metabolic effects of FGF21 in humans.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Clinical Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to measure plasma fibroblast growth factor 21 and 19 (FGF21 and FGF19) levels in patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS) and to compare it with those of lean control subjects (C) and patients with obesity (OB). Fourteen untreated patients with CS, 19 patients with OB and 36 controls were included in the study. Plasma FGF21 and FGF19 levels were measured by ELISA kits, other hormonal and biochemical parameters were measured by standard laboratory methods. Plasma FGF19 did not significantly differ among the studied groups. Plasma FGF21 levels were significantly higher in both CS and OB groups relative to C group but they did not differ between CS and OB groups. In a combined population of all three groups FGF21 levels positively correlated with BMI, waist circumference and percentage of total and truncal fat mass. Less prominent inverse relationship with these parameters was found for FGF19. Neither FGF21 nor FGF19 were significantly related to cortisol concentrations. Increased FGF21 concentrations in both patients with CS and OB relative to lean subjects suggest that excessive body fat and/or related metabolic abnormalities rather than direct effects of cortisol are responsible. In contrast neither obesity nor hypercortisolism significantly affected FGF19 concentrations.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2009 · Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca