[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of pentoxifylline (PTX) on the production of TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6 and GM-CSF by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated alveolar macrophages (AM). AM and peripheral blood monocytes (PBM) from 10 patients were cultured for 24 h in the presence of LPS (10 micrograms ml-1) and PTX at concentrations of 2.0 mM, 1.0 mM, 0.5 mM, 0.1 mM and 0.01 mM. TNF-alpha and GM-CSF were measured from the culture supernatants of both the AM and PBM from all 10 patients and IL-1 beta and IL-6 from the culture supernatants of the AM from five patients. The TNF-alpha production by AM was significantly suppressed in the presence of PTX at concentrations of 2.0 and 1.0 mM, while production of IL-1 beta, IL-6 and GM-CSF remained unaffected. In PBM cultures, PTX significantly suppressed the production of TNF-alpha and GM-CSF, at all tested concentrations. The present study provides evidence that PTX selectively suppresses the production of TNF-alpha by LPS-stimulated AM and may have a role in the treatment of lung diseases where TNF-alpha is involved. The mode of administration of PTX should take into account the suppressive effect of this drug on GM-CSF production by PBM.
Preview · Article · Feb 1999 · Respiratory Medicine