C Edwin Martin

York Hospital, New York, New York, United States

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Publications (3)62.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The OAT study randomized 2,201 patients with a totally occluded infarct-related artery on days 3 to 28 (>24 hours) after myocardial infarction (MI) to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or medical treatment (MED). There was no difference in the primary end point of death, reinfarction, or heart failure at 2.9 or 6-year mean follow-up. However, in patients randomized to PCI, there was a trend toward a higher rate of reinfarction. We analyzed the characteristics and types of reinfarction according to the universal definition. Independent predictors of reinfarction were determined using Cox proportional hazard models with follow-up up to 9 years. There were 169 reinfarctions: 9.4% PCI vs 8.0% MED, hazard ratio 1.31, 95% CI 0.97-1.77, P = .08. Spontaneous reinfarction (type 1) occurred with similar frequency in the groups: 4.9% PCI vs 6.7% MED, hazard ratio 0.78, 95% CI 0.53-1.15, P = .21. Rates of type 2 (secondary) and 3 (sudden death) MI were similar in both groups. There was an increase in type 4a reinfarctions (related to protocol or other PCI) (0.8% PCI vs 0.1% MED, P = .01) and type 4b reinfarctions (stent thrombosis) (2.7% PCI vs 0.6% MED, P < .001). Multivariate predictors of reinfarction were history of PCI before study entry (P = .001), diabetes (P = .005), and absence of new Q waves with the index infarction (P = .01). There was a trend for reinfarctions to be more frequent with PCI. Opening an occluded infarct-related artery in stable patients with late post-MI may expose them to a risk of subsequent reinfarction related to reocclusion and stent thrombosis.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · American heart journal
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    ABSTRACT: To study if impaired renal function is associated with increased risk of peri-infarct heart failure (HF) in patients with preserved ejection fraction (EF). Patients with occluded infarct-related arteries (IRAs) between 1 to 28 d after myocardial infarction (MI) were grouped into chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages based on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Rates of early post-MI HF were compared among eGFR groups. Logistic regression was used to explore independent predictors of HF. Reduced eGFR was present in 71.1% of 2160 patients, with significant renal impairment (eGFR < 60 mL/min every 1.73 m(2)) in 14.8%. The prevalence of HF was higher with worsening renal function: 15.5%, 17.8% and 29.4% in patients with CKD stages 1, 2 and 3 or 4, respectively (P < 0.0001), despite a small absolute difference in mean EF across eGFR groups: 48.2 ± 10.0, 47.9 ± 11.3 and 46.2 ± 12.1, respectively (P = 0.02). The prevalence of HF was again higher with worsening renal function among patients with preserved EF: 10.1%, 13.6% and 23.6% (P < 0.0001), but this relationship was not significant among patients with depressed EF: 27.1%, 26.2% and 37.9% (P = 0.071). Moreover, eGFR was an independent correlate of HF in patients with preserved EF (P = 0.003) but not in patients with depressed EF (P = 0.181). A significant proportion of post-MI patients with occluded IRAs have impaired renal function. Impaired renal function was associated with an increased rate of early post-MI HF, the association being strongest in patients with preserved EF. These findings have implications for management of peri-infarct HF.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2010 · World Journal of Cardiology (WJC)
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    ABSTRACT: The open-artery hypothesis postulates that late opening of an infarct-related artery after myocardial infarction will improve clinical outcomes. We evaluated the quality-of-life and economic outcomes associated with the use of this strategy. We compared percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) plus stenting with medical therapy alone in high-risk patients in stable condition who had a totally occluded infarct-related artery 3 to 28 days after myocardial infarction. In 951 patients (44% of those eligible), we assessed quality of life by means of a battery of tests that included two principal outcome measures, the Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) (which measures cardiac physical function on a scale from 0 to 58, with higher scores indicating better function) and the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Mental Health Inventory 5 (which measures psychological well-being). Structured quality-of-life interviews were performed at baseline and at 4, 12, and 24 months. Costs of treatment were assessed for 458 of 469 patients in the United States (98%), and 2-year cost-effectiveness was estimated. At 4 months, the medical-therapy group, as compared with the PCI group, had a clinically marginal decrease of 3.4 points in the DASI score (P=0.007). At 1 and 2 years, the differences were smaller. No significant differences in psychological well-being were observed. For the 469 patients in the United States, cumulative 2-year costs were approximately $7,000 higher in the PCI group (P<0.001), and the quality-adjusted survival was marginally longer in the medical-therapy group. PCI was associated with a marginal advantage in cardiac physical function at 4 months but not thereafter. At 2 years, medical therapy remained significantly less expensive than routine PCI and was associated with marginally longer quality-adjusted survival. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00004562.)
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2009 · New England Journal of Medicine