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Publications (2)7.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 25-year-old male Japanese homosexual with primary human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection and early stage syphilis. Approximately 60 days after HIV exposure by sex with another man, the patient abruptly had high fever, after which he experienced a variety of severe, prolonged symptoms such as painful oral mucosa ulcerations, rash, lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and a 5.5-kg weight loss. Serum lactate dehydrogenase and liver biochemical test values were elevated. Antibodies to HIV by both enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot (WB) test were negative at the time of symptom onset, but serum HIV-1 RNA level was 1 585 000 copies/ml. Antibody seroconversions were found on day 9 after the onset of symptoms by ELISA and on day 16 by WB test, suggesting primary HIV infection. Within 2 weeks of starting highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), all symptoms except lymphadenopathy were resolved, and the serum HIV-1 RNA level dramatically decreased to 5011 copies/ml, eventually becoming undetectable by the standard method. The patient has remained asymptomatic for the 18 months since symptom resolution after HAART, and HIV-1 RNA remains undetectable.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2003 · Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the effect of human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection on hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, a survey for these viral infections was conducted that involved 2280 residents in an area in which HTLV-1 and HCV are endemic. The response of patients with HCV and HTLV-1 to interferon (IFN)–α treatment was also assessed. Antibody to HCV was detected in 13.8% of the residents tested, and antibody to HTLV-1 was detected in 15.4%. The prevalence of HCV RNA was significantly higher among residents who had antibodies to both HCV and HTLV-1 than in those who had antibodies to HCV only (P<.05). Sustained elimination of HCV RNA by IFN was significantly more frequent among patients with HCV alone than among those with HCV and HTLV-1. By logistic regression analysis, HTLV-1 infection was associated with nonresponse to IFN treatment. Thus, HTLV-1 infection affects the clearance, both natural and in association with IFN treatment, of HCV
    Preview · Article · Nov 2001 · The Journal of Infectious Diseases