Anna-Marie Hogan

University College Cork, Corcaigh, Munster, Ireland

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Publications (3)7.35 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A fast, sensitive, and selective method for the determination of histamine in human urine samples by ultrahigh pressure liquid chromatography (LC) with fluorescence and mass spectrometry (MS) detection is investigated. A fluorescent reagent, 4-(1-pyrene) butyric acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester was conjugated to the primary and secondary amino moieties of histamine. The structure of dipyrene-labeled histamine in human urine was determined by quadrupole time-of-flight MS with electospray ionization interface. The determination of the dipyrene derivative of histamine in urine samples was achieved within 3.9 min on an ultrahigh pressure LC Eclipse Zorbax XDB-C(18) column with 1.8 μm particle diameter. In this work, histamine separation was achieved significantly faster (3.9 min) with improved detection limit (signal-to-noise = 3) of 0.04 nM than 19.5 min with a detection limit of 0.183 nM as reported in a previous method.
    No preview · Article · May 2012 · Journal of Separation Science
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    ABSTRACT: Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease resulting from abnormal immune function and is characterized by the presence of scaly psoriatic plaques which are areas of inflammation and excessive skin production. The psoriatic plaques contain mast cells which are increased in number in the uppermost dermis of the psoriatic lesion and which may play a role in the initiation and maintenance of the lesion. These processes are thought to be mediated via the local release of histamine along with other mediators from the mast cells; however their precise role still remains a mystery. Our study involved the development of a rapid and ultra-sensitive liquid chromatographic method for the separation and detection of histamine. To this end a state-of-the-art ultra high pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC) system incorporating the latest technology in fluorescence detection system was employed which allowed for the rapid and reliable trace level detection of histamine in human derived microdialysate samples. This new reverse phase method utilized a sub-two-micron packed C(18) stationary phase (50 mm × 4.6 mm, 1.8 μm particle size) and a polar mobile phase of ACN:H(2)O:acetic acid (70:30:0.05) (v/v). The column temperature was maintained at (30±2°C), the injection volume was (8 μl), with a flow rate of (1.1 ml/min). Dermal microdialysis was used to collect (20 μl) samples from healthy, peri-lesional and lesional skin regions, in the forearms of a small cohort of subjects (n=6), and the ultra sensitive liquid chromatographic method allowed for nanomolar quantitation of histamine in 6.7 min. To date this represents one of the fastest reported separations of histamine using fluorescence detection with very high chromatographic efficiency (258,000/m) and peak symmetry of (0.88). Prior to sample analysis being performed method linearity, precision and limit of detection (LOD) were investigated. The results showed that intracutaneous histamine measured at 70 min after catheter implantation was (3.44±.52 nmol) (mean±SEM) in non-lesional (control) skin and was not dissimilar to that observed in either lesional (3.10±.76 nmol) or peri-lesional skin (2.24±.20 nmol). A second fraction collected 190 min after implantation also revealed similar levels with no difference in intracutaneous histamine observed between control (2.41±.56 nmol), lesional (2.69±.54 nmol), or peri-lesional skin (2.25±.50 nmol).
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences
  • Elizabeth Guihen · Anna-Marie Hogan · Jeremy D Glennon
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    ABSTRACT: In this research, a capillary electrophoretic method for the fast enantiomeric resolution of (R,S)-naproxen was investigated. Method development involved variation of applied potential, buffer concentration, buffer pH, and cyclodextrin concentration. The optimum electrophoretic separation conditions were 110 mM sodium acetate run buffer (pH 6.0), 30 mM methyl-beta-cyclodextrin, 20% (v/v) acetonitrile, 25 degrees C. The total length of capillary was 48 cm, (50 microm I.D.) with ultra violet (UV) detection at 232 nm. Using these conditions, the number of theoretical plates was close to one million (896,000/m). The possibility of achieving a fast chiral separation of (R,S)-naproxen on a microchip of 2.5 cm in length was investigated. Complete enantiomeric resolution of naproxen was achieved in less than 1 min, on this microchip platform, with linear imaging UV detection. This system had the advantage of real-time separation monitoring, so that enantiomeric resolution could be visually observed, and high-speed chiral analysis was realized. The microchip electrophoresis (MCE) separation was compared with the capillary electrophoresis (CE) separation with regards to speed, efficiency, separation platform, and precision. This work highlights the potential of CE and MCE in future chiral separations.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Chirality