[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The expression by non-functioning adenomas (NFoma) of somatostatin receptor (SSTR) subtypes and estrogen receptor (ERα) is poorly understood. Consequently, the mRNAs of SSTR subtypes (SSTR) 1, 2, 3, and 5, dopamine receptor (D2R), and ERα were measured by real-time quantitative RT-PCR in 59 NFomas and 50 functioning adenomas; the latter included 30 GH-secreting adenomas (GHomas) and 20 prolactinomas (PRLomas). NFomas expressed higher levels of SSTR3 than functioning adenomas but had lower levels of SSTR2, SSTR5 and D2R mRNAs than GHomas. Their ERα levels were higher than those of GHomas. The SSTR subtype mRNA levels in NFomas correlated significantly with each other; there was also a good correlation between the SSTR subtypes and ERα in NFomas. These correlations were largely only observed in younger patients (<50 years). The present study describes the differential expression of SSTR subtypes in the largest number of NFoma patients studied thus far, and further proposes possible involvements of SSTR3 and estrogen in the pathophysiology of NFomas.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein (IGFBP) 7 is a secreted protein that regulates cellular proliferation, adhesion, and angiogenesis, and has low affinity for IGF compared with that of IGFBP1-IGFBP6. We sought to determine whether IGFBP7 is present in follicular fluid and to elucidate whether IGFBP7 participates in the steroidogenesis of rat mature follicles. Follicular fluid and granulosa cells (GCs) were collected from immature rats 2 days after their treatment with equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG). IGFBP7 protein was detected in the follicular fluid and the conditioned medium of cultured ovarian GCs by immunoblot analysis. When subconfluent GCs were cultured and treated with FSH and activin, coincubation with FSH and activin markedly increased GC expression of Cyp19a1 (aromatase) mRNA and 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) secretion. The addition of recombinant murine IGFBP7 to these cultures decreased in the activin-enhanced, FSH-stimulated Cyp19a1 mRNA levels in the cells and suppressed the 17beta-E(2) levels in the culture medium. Treatment of GCs with Igfbp7-specific small interfering RNA (siRNA), which knocked down Igfbp7 expression, increased the FSH-stimulated levels of Cyp19a1 but not Cyp11a1 expression. Basal and FSH-stimulated 17beta-E(2) secretion into the culture medium was also enhanced by Igfbp7 siRNA. These results suggest that IGFBP7 suppresses estrogen production in GCs. These observations support the notion that this protein, which is secreted into the follicular fluid, may serve as an intraovarian factor that negatively regulates GC differentiation.
No preview · Article · Oct 2007 · Biology of Reproduction