Publications (2)36.86 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: To describe the outcome of infants with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of malignant mesenchymal tumor (MMT) included in the International Society of Paediatric Oncology studies MMT 84 and MMT 89. One hundred two infants (< or = 12 months old) were included. Twenty-four children were less than 3 months old, and 16 were less than 1 month old. Sixty-four patients had rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), 26 had undifferentiated sarcoma, and 12 had other histology. Clinical TNM stage was stage I (41%), II (39%), III (6%), and IV (14%). First-line treatment was ifosfamide, vincristine, dactinomycin, whereas the second-line combination consisted of either cisplatin and doxorubicin (in MMT 84) or vincristine, carboplatin, etoposide/teniposide (in MMT 89). Chemotherapy doses were adapted to age. Local therapy was conservative surgery as often as possible. After a median follow-up of 7.8 years (range, 0.1 to 13 years), 5-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival rates were 66% and 55% for the total study population and 72% and 60% for nonmetastatic patients, respectively. Only two of 13 stage IV patients survived. Sixty-seven percent of newborn infants survived. Infants with alveolar subtype had a poorer survival than those with non-RMS MMT or nonalveolar RMS (5-year OS, 37% v 75% or 82%, respectively; P = .002). When compared with older children with MMT, young age does not seem to be an important prognostic factor. OS was satisfactory even when local treatment was not aggressive, although the prognosis was poor for infants with alveolar RMS or metastatic tumors. Chemotherapy toxicity was manageable with appropriate dose modification.
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ABSTRACT: To improve outcome for children with nonmetastatic rhabdomyosarcoma and to reduce systematic use of local therapy. Five hundred three previously untreated patients aged from birth to 18 years, recruited between 1989 and 1995, were allocated to one of six treatment schedules by site and stage. Five-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were 71% and 57%, respectively. Primary site, T-stage, and pathologic subtype were independent factors in predicting OS by multivariate analysis. Differences between EFS and OS reflected local treatment strategy and successful re-treatment for some patients after relapse. Patients with genitourinary nonbladder prostate tumors had the most favorable outcome (5-year OS, 94%): the majority were boys with paratesticular tumors treated successfully without alkylating agents. Patients with stage III disease treated with a novel six-drug combination showed improved survival compared with the Malignant Mesenchymal Tumor 84 study (MMT 84; 5-year OS, 60% v 42%, respectively). OS was not significantly better than that achieved in the previous MMT 84 study, but 49% of survivors were cured without significant local therapy. Selective avoidance of local therapy is justified in some patients, though further work is required to prospectively identify those for whom this is most applicable. Exclusion of alkylating agents is justified for the most favorable subset of patients. The value of the new six-drug chemotherapy combination is being evaluated further in a randomized study (MMT 95).