[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adalimumab may be effective in inducing remission in patients with mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis who had secondary failure to infliximab.
To evaluate long-term efficacy and safety of adalimumab in patients with ulcerative colitis who previously responded to infliximab, and then lost response or became intolerant.
We report our single-centre experience in 13 patients. The patients received a loading dose of 160 mg of adalimumab subcutaneously in week 0, followed by 80 mg at week 2 and then 40 mg every other week starting at week 4. The primary efficacy measure was the proportion of patients on adalimumab therapy during the study.
Median duration of follow-up was 42 weeks (range, 10-100). The mean number of adalimumab infusions was 21 (range, 5-50). The probability of maintaining adalimumab was 92.3%, 84.6%, 60.6% and 32.5% at 1, 3, 6 and 23 months respectively. Six of 13 patients (46.2%) underwent colectomy during the study. No serious toxicities occurred in the study.
Adalimumab is well-tolerated and may be effective in maintaining clinical remission in a subgroup of patients with ulcerative colitis and lost response or intolerance to infliximab, potentially avoiding colectomy in about half of the patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The current etiologic model of inflammatory bowel diseases proposes a genetically predisposed host responding to a variety of environmental triggers by exhibiting an abnormal immune response to normal luminal flora. Crohn's disease is common in highly industrialized western countries where helminths are rare and uncommon in less developed areas of the world where most people carry worms. From this observation grew the hygiene hypothesis, which states that our failure to be exposed to previously common infectious agents alters the immune repertoire established in childhood. Helminths diminish immune responsiveness in naturally colonised humans and reduce inflammation in experimental colitis. Crohn's disease involves over reactive T-helper (Th1) pathways, and helminths blunt Th1 responses, inducing production of Th2 cytokines. Helminths also induce regulatory T cells to maintain host mucosal homeostasis. Thus, there is an immunological basis to expect that exposure to helminths such as Trichuris suis will prove beneficial in Crohn's disease. Exposure to helminths may be effective in treating inflammatory bowel diseases and was well tolerated, according to the results of few studies. Its long-term safety remains unknown.
No preview · Article · Aug 2008 · Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique