[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel fluorescence-based array biosensor targeted for field applications, such as environmental monitoring, has been developed, and successfully applied to DNA hybridization assays. The purpose was to meet the demand for automated, portable but easy-to-maintain systems allowing continuous flow monitoring of surface reactions. The biosensor presented here can be distinguished from the existing systems by the optical method used, which provides an enhanced simplicity and robustness, and enables a simple maintenance by potentially unskilled personnel. The system is based on a conventional microscope slide which acts both as transducer and biological array sensor. The excited fluorescence is guided by total internal reflection into the slide to the detector which is directly interfaced to the slide. Each region of the sensor array is successively optically interrogated, and the detection of the corresponding fluorescent emission synchronized. A real-time three-analyte analysis is thus feasible without any mechanical scanning movement or optical imaging systems as generally used in the existing instruments. The ability of the biosensor to operate in continuous flow for several tens of hours has been demonstrated. The biosensor has been assessed in terms of stability, and slide-to-slide reproducibility, which is found to be less than 3.7%, thus far below the standard biological reproducibility. DNA hybridization assays were performed to estimate a limit of detection, which was found to be 16 mol/microm(2), and to determine the reaction kinetics associated to the DNA model used. The developed biosensor is thus shown to be able to predict reaction kinetics, and to monitor in real time surface reactions between targets and probes.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2008 · Biosensors & Bioelectronics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel portable fluorescence-based biosensor designed for field applications has been developed and successfully applied to the determination of two analytes, a neuropeptide model Substance P, and a small toxin Aflatoxin BI. A competitive immunoassay format called SPIT-FRI for Solid-Phase Immobilized Tripod for Fluorescent Renewable Immunoassay is used. The simplicity and robustness of the system apparatus is shown. Results clearly illustrate the assets of the developed array biosensor, by allowing in a portable instrument (i) simple regeneration steps, (ii) real-time monitoring, and (iii) multiplex detection thanks to a localized and cumulative fluorescence measurement.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper is presenting competitive technology alternatives for the electronic hybridization detection in a microsystem with microfluidics for diagnosis genetic tests that are carried out by two competitive research projects. The technologies developed are a photosensor, a capacitive sensor and an optical real-time affinity biosensor. The performance of those biosensors will be evaluated but also their manufacturability and cost will define the appropriateness of each one for industrialization and their integration on a microsystem for diagnosis genetic testing.
No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference