[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Recent data support the hypothesis that combining lapatinib and trastuzumab with taxane chemotherapy may offer added clinical benefit to patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC). This study examined the safety of the triplet combination in first-line HER2-positive MBC.
Patients and methods:
Patients were enrolled into three sequential cohorts; the last two cohorts were added by protocol amendment following review of safety data from cohort 1. Patients in cohort 1 received lapatinib (1000 mg/day) plus paclitaxel (80 mg/m(2) per week, 3 of every 4 weeks); cohort 2 received lapatinib (1000 mg/day) plus paclitaxel (70 mg/m(2) per week, 3 of every 4 weeks); and cohort 3 received lapatinib (750 mg/day) plus paclitaxel (80 mg/m(2) per week, 3 of every 4 weeks). All received standard trastuzumab dosing. The primary objective was assessment of dose-limiting toxicities, safety, and tolerability of this combination.
The most frequent adverse events (AEs) for all cohorts were diarrhea (89%), rash (79%), fatigue (73%), alopecia (63%), nausea (63%), and vomiting (40%). In cohorts 1 and 2, the incidence of grade 3 diarrhea was 62% and 50%, respectively; in cohort 3, the incidence was 25% (with prophylactic loperamide). Dehydration was the most frequent serious AE (10%). Across cohorts, overall response rate was 75%.
The dose-limiting toxicity of paclitaxel, trastuzumab, and lapatinib in first-line HER2-positive MBC was diarrhea. Of the triplet combinations tested, the cohort receiving 750 mg/day dose of lapatinib had the lowest incidence of diarrhea; therefore, this dose should be used in further studies on the treatment of MBC.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Preclinical data have demonstrated that the combination of antihuman epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (anti-HER2) and antivascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF)--targeted agents has antitumor activity; these data indicate certain patients with HER2-overexpressing breast cancer may derive clinical benefit from this combination. The purpose of this single-arm phase II study was to determine the efficacy and safety of the dual-targeting combination of lapatinib and bevacizumab. Women with HER2-overexpressing advanced breast cancer received 1,500 mg oral lapatinib daily plus 10 mg/kg IV bevacizumab every 2 weeks. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) at week 12; secondary endpoints included overall tumor response rate (ORR), clinical benefit rate (CBR), duration of response, time-to-response, PFS, and safety. Circulating tumor cells (CTC) and circulating endothelial cells (CEC) were measured at baseline and during study treatment as potential response markers. Fifty-two patients with stage IV disease were enrolled. The 12-week investigator-assessed PFS rate was 69.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 54.9, 81.3). Median PFS was 24.7 weeks (95% CI: 20.4, 35.1), and the CBR was 30.8% (95% CI: 18.7, 45.1). Of 45 patients with measurable disease, 6 were determined to have a partial response per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (ORR: 13.3%; 95% CI: 5.1, 26.8). The most common adverse events (AEs) included diarrhea, rash, and fatigue; most of these were either grade 1 or 2. Clinical responses were correlated with decreases in CTC and CEC. Lapatinib plus bevacizumab was active in patients with HER2-overexpressing breast cancer. The AE profile of the combination was consistent with the known profiles for these agents.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2011 · Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This multicenter phase II trial evaluated the tolerability and efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced breast cancer with four 28-day cycles of dose-dense chemotherapy: weekly docetaxel (30 mg/m2) and carboplatin (AUC 2) on days 1, 8, and 15, plus capecitabine (625 mg/m2) twice daily on days 5-18. The primary endpoint was pathologic complete response (pCR). Among the 49 treated patients, 89% of intended chemotherapy doses (including capecitabine) were administered. In the intent-to-treat patients, grade 4 toxicities were depression (2%) and leukopenia (8%). There were no neutropenic fevers or treatment-related deaths. Of the 41 evaluable patients who received all four chemotherapy cycles, 6 (15%) achieved a pCR; all of them had negative axillary nodes. None of the patients with pCR had developed recurrent disease at a median follow-up of 48 months. We conclude that preoperative docetaxel, carboplatin, and capecitabine has an acceptable toxicity profile and a pCR rate comparable with that seen in many other phase II neoadjuvant chemotherapy trials.
No preview · Article · May 2011 · Community Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of letrozole plus lapatinib versus letrozole plus placebo in women with hormone receptor (HR)(+) human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-2(+) tumors receiving first-line therapy for metastatic breast cancer (MBC).
Postmenopausal women (n = 1,286) with HR(+) MBC were randomized to daily oral treatment with letrozole (2.5 mg) plus lapatinib (1,500 mg) versus letrozole (2.5 mg) plus placebo. Of the 1,286 patients enrolled in the phase III study, 219 had HER-2(+) tumors. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) in HER-2(+) patients.
Results in the HR(+) HER-2(+) population (n = 219) are presented. The addition of lapatinib to letrozole resulted in a significantly lower risk for disease progression than with letrozole alone (hazard ratio, 0.71; 95% confidence interval, 0.53-0.96). The PFS time was 8.2 months, versus 3.0 months. The objective response rate (ORR) (28% versus 15%) and clinical benefit rate (CBR) (48% versus 29%) were also significantly greater in lapatinib-treated women. The most common adverse events in the lapatinib group were diarrhea (68%) and rash (46%), primarily grade 1 and 2.
The addition of lapatinib to letrozole is well tolerated and leads to a significantly greater PFS time, ORR, and CBR than with letrozole alone in women with MBC who coexpress HR and HER-2.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the pan-ErbB receptor tyrosine-kinase inhibitor CI-1033 in metastatic breast cancer (MBC).
Patients with measurable, progressive, or recurrent MBC whose primary tumor expressed > or =1 ErbB receptor were randomized to the following CI-1033 regimens: 50 mg (arm A) or 150 mg (arm B) daily without rest period, or 450 mg/day x 14 days every 21 days (arm C). The primary endpoint was 1-year progression-free survival (PFS).
Overall, 194 patients were treated. One-year PFS estimates were 3.8, 2.0, and 4.6%; median PFS was 61, 56, and 58 days; and investigator-assessed overall response rates were 1.5, 1.5, and 7.3%, in arms A, B, and C, respectively. Response duration was 110-419 days. In arm C, response (18.8 vs. 2.6%) and 1-year overall survival rates (86.7 vs. 47.5%) were greater in patients with HER2-positive versus HER2-negative tumors. The incidence of grade 3/4 adverse events (AEs) was dose-dependent, affecting 10.3, 48.6, and 80.4% of patients in arms A, B and C, respectively. The most common grade 3/4, treatment-related AEs were diarrhea, asthenia, and stomatitis. Arm C enrollment was prematurely discontinued due to a high frequency of grade 3/4 AEs.
Single-agent CI-1033 did not show clinically meaningful activity in heavily pretreated patients with MBC expressing > or =1 ErbB receptor. Antitumor activity was observed in arm C patients with HER2-positive tumors. However, only the 50 mg dose was well tolerated, and the highest dose reached unacceptable levels of toxicity.
No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study (EGF20009) assessed the efficacy and tolerability of two lapatinib administration schedules as first-line monotherapy in women with ErbB2-amplified locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer.
Patients with ErbB2-amplified, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer previously untreated in the metastatic setting were randomly assigned to one of two lapatinib dose cohorts and received either 1,500 mg once daily or 500 mg twice daily. Clinical response was assessed at weeks 8 and 12 and every 12 weeks thereafter.
A total of 138 patients were treated with lapatinib for a median of 17.6 weeks. The overall response rate (complete response [CR] plus partial response [PR]) was 24% in the intent-to-treat population, and 31% of patients derived clinical benefit (CR, PR, or stable disease for >or= 24 weeks). The median time to response was 7.9 weeks, and the progression-free survival rates at 4 and 6 months were 63% and 43%, respectively. The most common lapatinib-related adverse events (AEs) were diarrhea, rash, pruritus, and nausea, and these events were primarily grade 1 or 2. There were no significant differences in clinical activity or the AE profile between the dosing schedules.
Lapatinib demonstrated clinical activity and was well tolerated as first-line therapy in ErbB2-amplified locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. This study supports further evaluation of lapatinib in first-line and early-stage ErbB2-overexpressing breast cancer.
Preview · Article · Jun 2008 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Botanical therapies are often used by breast cancer patients yet few clinical trials have evaluated their safety and efficacy. We studied mechanisms of activity and performed a phase I clinical trial in patients with advanced breast cancer to evaluate BZL101, an aqueous extract from Scutellaria barbata.
Preclinical studies were conducted in vitro to characterize cell death induced by BZL101. In a phase I trial, eligible patients had histologically confirmed, measurable metastatic breast cancer. Treatment consisted of 350 ml per day of oral BZL101, administered as sole cancer therapy until disease progression, toxicity or personal preference to discontinue. Primary endpoints were safety, toxicity and tumor response.
BZL101 extract induced strong growth inhibition and apoptosis of breast cancer cell lines. In the phase I trial, 21 patients received BZL101. Mean age was 54 years (30-77) and mean number of prior treatments for metastatic disease was 3.9 (0-10). There were no grade III or IV adverse events (AEs). The most frequently reported BZL101-related grade I and II AEs included: nausea (38%), diarrhea (24%), headache (19%) flatulence (14%), vomiting (10%), constipation (10%), and fatigue (10%). Sixteen patients were evaluable for response. Four patients had stable disease (SD) for >90 days (25%) and 3/16 had SD for >180 days (19%). Five patients had objective tumor regression, one of which was 1 mm short of a PR based on RECIST criteria.
BZL 101 inhibits breast cancer cell lines by inducing apoptosis. In a phase I clinical trial, BZL101 was safe and had a favorable toxicity profile. BZL101 demonstrated encouraging clinical activity in this heavily pretreated population.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2007 · Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fulvestrant ('Faslodex') is a new estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist that has no agonist effects. It binds, blocks and accelerates degradation of the ER, leading to a complete abrogation of estrogen-sensitive gene transcription. In postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer progressing on prior endocrine therapy, fulvestrant is at least as effective as the third-generation aromatase inhibitor (AI) anastrozole. In this single-center experience, 42 postmenopausal patients with metastatic breast cancer who had been heavily pretreated with prior endocrine therapy and chemotherapy were treated with fulvestrant. Prior endocrine therapies included selective ER modulators (including tamoxifen and toremifene), AIs, megestrol acetate, and high-dose estrogens. In total, eight patients (19%) achieved stable disease (SD) for > or =24 weeks, including two patients with SD for 2 years and one with SD for 14 months. Fulvestrant was well tolerated with the majority of adverse events related to the site of metastatic disease. These data demonstrate that fulvestrant is a well tolerated and effective endocrine therapy for postmenopausal women with metastatic breast cancer who have been heavily pretreated with prior therapies. The novel mechanism of action of fulvestrant reduces the likelihood of cross-resistance with other endocrine therapies and therefore this agent may be active in patients who have proved to be resistant to treatments such as tamoxifen or AIs. The use of fulvestrant earlier in the sequence of endocrine treatments may achieve better responses than observed in this heavily pretreated patient population.
No preview · Article · Nov 2004 · Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Trastuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody against the epidermal growth factor family oncogene, Her-2/neu. It has revolutionized therapy for the 15-20% of patients with metastatic breast cancer whose tumors have gene amplification for Her-2/neu. Results of clinical trials with single agent trastuzumab and in combination with paclitaxel, docetaxel, vinorelbine, gemcitabine and platinum salts have been encouraging. Durable remissions in excess of 5 years have occasionally been reported. Subjectively the side effect profile of this novel, targeted therapy, has been mild. Cardiac toxicity, while reported in combination regimens with anthracyclines tend to be easily manageable and not absolute contradictions to continuation of trastuzumab. Outside of clinical trials, however, anthracycline/trastuzumab combinations should be avoided. Preliminary results of trials with various combinations of chemotherapeutic agents have been promising while combinations with hormonal and other biologic therapy are ongoing. Trastuzumab is an exciting new monoclonal antibody with interesting anti-tumor activity in patients with Her-2/neu gene amplified breast cancer. We look forward to ongoing clinical trials combining trastuzumab with a broad array of other chemotherapeutic, hormonal and biological agents.
No preview · Article · Nov 2003 · The Breast Journal