Janice L.Y. Mong

The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong

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Publications (3)11.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To explore the genetic effect of the GH receptor (GHR) on obesity and related metabolic parameters in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. Obesity is a growing global epidemic. Increasing evidence suggests that the GH-IGF-I axis plays an important role in regulating adiposity and insulin sensitivity. We examined the associations of genetic variants of GHR with serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels as well as obesity-related metabolic traits in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. Nine hundred and eighty-one randomly selected Hong Kong Chinese adolescents from 14 schools. We genotyped 17 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) at GHR and measured serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels as well as obesity-related metabolic traits including fasting plasma glucose, insulin and lipid levels. There were significant associations between rs4410646 and the body composition (P = 0.0044) and blood pressure factor scores (P = 0.00017). Carriers of the CC genotype had lower body mass index, percentage body fat, waist and hip circumferences than AC and AA genotype carriers (P = 0.00030-0.0094). There was also association between rs7703713 and the IGF-I activity factor score (P = 0.0033). The GA and AA carriers of rs7703713 had higher serum IGF-I, higher serum IGFBP-3 and higher IGF-I/IGFBP-3 molar ratio (P = 0.00069-0.025). Haplotype analysis did not increase the significance of associations. Our results support the role of GHR gene polymorphisms in modulating adiposity and IGF-I activity in adolescents. Examination of interactions of these SNPs with lifestyle, environmental and perinatal factors may provide further insights into their long-term effects on obesity and metabolic risks.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Clinical Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: Childhood obesity is a growing global epidemic. Recent studies indicate that obesity and related metabolic traits are highly heritable. Increasing evidence suggests that growth hormone (GH) and the insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) axis have important functions in regulating adiposity and insulin sensitivity. Five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP3) were genotyped to find their associations with IGF-1 activity level and common clinical metabolic traits. We examined the associations of five SNPs at IGFBP3 with serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels, as well as with obesity-related metabolic traits in 981 Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. Factor analysis was used to reduce the intercorrelated variables to five factor scores indicating body composition, blood pressure, IGF-I activity, triglyceride (TG)+high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC)+low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) factor scores. There was a strong association between the -202A/C polymorphism (rs2854744) and IGF-I activity (P=1.2 x 10(-6)) and TC+LDL-C factor scores (P=0.0085), corrected for age and sex. The C allele was associated with decreased IGFBP-3 levels (P=1.21 x 10(-13)), increased IGF-I/IGFBP-3 molar ratio (P=5.22 x 10(-6)) and decreased LDL-C (P=0.020). There was also a significant association between a G/A polymorphism at the 3' flanking sequence (rs13223993) of the IGFBP3 gene and the TG+HDL-C factor score (P=0.0013). The minor A allele carriers of rs13223993 had a lower HDL-C (P=0.0067) level and a tendency toward a high TG level. Haplotype analysis did not increase the significance of associations between single SNPs and phenotypes. Our results support the function of IGFBP3 gene polymorphisms in modulating IGF-I activity and lipid levels in adolescents. Given the prognostic significance of IGF-I, IGFBPs and lipids on risk of diabetes, obesity and cancer, long-term studies are required to clarify the clinical meaning of these findings.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2009 · International journal of obesity (2005)
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    ABSTRACT: To understand the molecular events of ovarian development in penaeid shrimp, RNA arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (RAP-PCR) was used to identify differentially expressed genes during ovarian maturation in Metapenaeus ensis. From a screening of 700 clones in a cDNA library of the shrimp ovary by the products of RAP-PCR of different maturation stages, 91 fragments with differentially expressed pattern as revealed by dot-blot hybridization were isolated and sequenced. Forty-two of these fragments show significant sequence similarity to known gene products and the differentially expressed pattern of 10 putative genes were further characterized via Northern hybridization. Putative glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and arginine kinase are related to provision of energy for active cellular function in oocyte development. Translationally controlled tumor protein, actin, and keratin are related to the organization of cytoskeleton to accomplish growth and development of oocytes. High mobility group protein DSP1, heat shock protein 70, and nucleoside diphosphate kinase may act as repressors before the onset of ovarian maturation. Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase and glutathione peroxidase are related to the stabilization of proteins and oocytes. This study provides new insights on the molecular events in the ovarian development in the shrimp.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2007 · Marine Biotechnology