Publications (29)84.34 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: We consider the constraints on SO(10) unified models coming from the lower limits on proton lifetime and on the scale of BL symmetry breaking within the framework of the seesaw model for neutrino masses. By upgrading a triangular relationship for the inverse of Majorana masses to the experimental situation with non maximal 23 mixing and non vanishing 13 mixing, we get for the sum of neutrino masses the upper limit 0.16 eV.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Assuming a Zeelike matrix for the righthanded neutrino Majorana masses in the seesaw mechanism, one gets maximal mixing for vacuum solar oscillations, a very small value for Ue3 and an approximate degeneracy for the two lower neutrino masses. The scale of righthanded neutrino Majorana masses is in good agreement with the value expected in an SO(10)M model with Pati–Salam SU(4)×SU(2)×SU(2) intermediate symmetry.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In the framework of SO(10) gauge unification and the seesaw mechanism, we show that the upper bound on the mass of the heaviest righthanded neutrino $M_{R_3} < 3 \times 10^{11}$ GeV, given by the PatiSalam intermediate scale of $BL$ spontaneous symmetry breaking, constrains the observables related to the lefthanded light neutrino mass matrix. We assume such an upper limit on the masses of righthanded neutrinos and, as a first approximation, a Cabibbo form for the matrix $V^L$ that diagonalizes the Dirac neutrino matrix $m_D$. Using the inverse seesaw formula, we show that our hypotheses imply a triangular relation in the complex plane of the light neutrino masses with the Majorana phases. We obtain normal hierarchy with an absolute scale for the light neutrino spectrum. Two regions are allowed for the lightest neutrino mass $m_1$ and for the Majorana phases, implying predictions for the neutrino mass measured in Tritium decay and for the double beta decay effective mass $<m_{ee}>$.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The discovery of some baryonantibaryon resonances has led us to consider 3q~3\bar{q} systems as possible candidates. We predict their spectrum in the framework of a constituent model, where the chromomagnetic interaction plays the main role. The relevant parameters are fixed by the present knowledge on tetraquarks. The emerging scenario complies well with experiment. Besides the description of the baryonantibaryon resonances, we find evidence for new tetraquark states, namely the a0(Y) in the hidden strangeness sector and, in the cs\bar{c}\bar{s} sector, the Y(4140) and the X(4350). A detailed account of the spectra and the decay channels is provided for future comparisons with data. Comment: 17 pages  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present the spectrum of the lightest pentaquark states of both parities and compare it with the present experimental evidence for these states. We have assumed that the main role for their mass splittings is played by the chromomagnetic interaction. We have also kept into account the $SU(3)_F$ breaking for their contribution and for the spin orbit term. The resulting pattern is in good agreement with experiment. 
Article: SO(10)Inspired SeeSaw Mechanism
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ABSTRACT: We determine the nu_{R} Majorana mass matrix from the experimental data on neutrino oscillations in the framework of a seesaw SO(10) model, where we impose the condition (M^R)_{33} = 0 to avoid too large finetunings in the seesaw formula. We find a class of solutions with the two lowest neutrino masses almost degenerate and the scale of the matrix elements of M^R in the range 10^{11} 10^{12} GeV in agreement with PatiSalam intermediate symmetry. We find also solutions with smaller neutrino masses, for which the scale of M_R depends on the solution to the "solar neutrino problem" and on the value of the component of \nu_e along the highest mass eigenstate, U_{e3}.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Assuming a Zeelike matrix for the righthanded neutrino Majorana masses in the seesaw mechanism, one gets maximal mixing for vacuum solar oscillations, a very small value for $U_{e3}$ and an approximate degeneracy for the two lower neutrino masses. The scale of righthanded neutrino Majorana masses is in good agreement with the value expected in a SO(10) model with PatiSalam $SU(4)\ts SU(2)\ts SU(2)$ intermediate symmetry. Comment: 11 pages, no figures. References added  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A unified gauge model is built with Higgs in 210SU(3)c ÄSU(2)L ÄSU(2)R ÄU(1)B  L .SU(3)_c \otimes SU(2)_L \otimes SU(2)_R \otimes U(1)_{B  L} . . The vacuum of the210 is in a twodimensional stratum. From the values sin2 \fracaas (MW )\frac{\alpha }{{\alpha _s }}(M_W ) one determines the high scales, with the result to predict leptoquarks heavier than 1015 GeV and Majorana masses for the righthanded neutrinos around 1011 GeV.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We have examined the description of the nucleon as soliton of an effective chiral lagrangian, in which the ρ meson is identified with the gauge boson of an hidden symmetry. We calculate some physical quantities of the nucleon. Numerical calculations seem to indicate that, though this model provides the soliton stabilization, it does not improve other static parameters.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The stability of the breaking of SO(10) into SO(6) × SO(4) with Higgs in the 54 representation is studied in the range of scales 10161019 GeV. One finds constraints on the parameters of the potential. 
Article: Hidden symmetry and Skyrmions
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ABSTRACT: We have reexamined the description of the lowenergy QCD physics in terms of the chiral symmetry group G = SU(2) ⊗ SU(2)⊗UV(1) broken spontaneously down to H = SU(2)⊗UV(1). The resultant effective lagrangian admits an extra hidde local symmetry group isomorphic to H, which can be gauged, as suggested by Bando et al., yielding the physics of the vector mesons. Moreover, the “strong coupling” approximation in terms of the gauge coupling constant leads precisely to the Skyrme form of nonlinear sigma model. The possibility of improved phenomenology in the baryon sector over usual skyrmion physics is discussed.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Results are presented of the minimization of the Higgs potential for the irreducible representation 75 of SU(5). Isotropy groups of minima are determined using a geometrical method developed recently by Abud and Sartori. Minima with the maximal isotropy algebras su(3)+su(2)+u(1), sp(4)+u(1), su(2)+su(2)+u(1) and su(2) were found as well as a minimum with a nonmaximal isotropy algebra su(2)+su(2)+u(1)+u(1) and discrete symmetry. A minimum having a nonmaximal isotropy group SU(2)xU(1)xU(1) was also found, contrary to Michel's conjecture. A detailed analysis of the results is presented and the limits of Michel's conjecture are pointed out.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We have found a minimum of the Higgs potential for the representation 75 of SU(5) having a non maximal little group with algebra su(2) + u(1), contrary of Michel's conjecture. We also find a minimum with non maximal little algebra su(2) + su(2) + u(1) and discrete symmetry, and minima with maximal little algebra su(3) + su(2) + u(1), sp94) + u(1), su(2) + su(2) + u(1) and su(2). 
Article: Study of Michel's conjecture
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ABSTRACT: We study the little groups of the minima of the Higgs potential built on the representation 75 of SU(5). We find a minimum with a non maximal little subalgebra, but an additional discrete group so that the little group is maximal. We find a large class of minimas with su(3) + su(2) + u(1) little algebra.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The problem of classifying the theoretically allowed patterns of spontaneous symmetry breading, in theories where the ground state is determined as a minimum of a Ginvariant potential (G a compact group of transformations), is analyzed. A detailed, complete, and rigorous justification of a recently proposed approach to the determination of the minima of Ginvariant potentials (M. Abud and G. Sartori, Phys. Lett. B104 (1981), 147) is presented. The results are obtained through an analysis of the geometry of the finitedimensional representations of G, which leads to a complete characterization of the structure of orbit space and its partition in subsets (strata) formed by orbits with the same symmetry under Gtransformations (orbit type), and to a new theorem stating that the gradients of complex analytic Ginvariant functions annihilate on onedimensional strata. Polynomial potentials in particular are studied. Conditions for instability of the residual symmetry (secondorder phase transitions) are determined.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Calculation of Wilson loops (WL) to second order, are performed for different shapes of the path, using dimensional regularization techniques. Some useful formulae are developed. In particular, a discussion is given on the influence of points of contact, cusps and intersections, on the residue of the resultant pole. For smooth curves WLs are finite.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Starting from an analysis of the geometry of orbitspace, we propose a new approach to the determination of those extrema of a Ginvariant C∞function (G is a compact linear group), which are associated to an arbitrary, but fixed, residual symmetry group. When applied to Higgs potentials of unified gauge field theories, the method allows one to state conditions for the minima to exist and be natural (stable) and to clarify the origin of a class of pseudoGoldstone bosons. 
Article: Quarkonium via a baglike potential

Article: Twophoton processes in e^{+} e^{} calorimetric experiments and tests of quantum chromodynamics
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ABSTRACT: Highenergy twophoton collisions will be responsible for a large fraction of events in e+e machines such as PETRA, PEP, and LEP. We suggest measuring the energy pattern of the γγ processes, which would provide very interesting information on the interplay between electromagnetic and strong interactions. The angular distribution of the hadronic energy (antenna pattern) is calculated for photonphoton collisions. By using energyconservation sum rules, we give a modelindependent, reliable computation of the corrections due to color confinement, as well as heavyquark masses and decays. The contributions from the quantum chromodynamics (QCD) structure of the photon, which are characterized by three or four jets in the final state, are taken into account. The energy correlation, i.e.; the hadronic energy radiated through two calorimeters as a function of the relative angle is also calculated. We evaluate the energy pattern and energy correlation for the formation of Ceven bound states, and find that an extremely good resolution in the hadronic energy would be needed in order to disentangle the boundstate contribution from the background. We present a detailed discussion of the twophoton processes as a background in the studies of the energy pattern of the e+e annihilation into hadrons. By requiring that either the total hadronic energy or the invariant hadronic mass is larger than 60% of their maximum value, √s, the γγ background should be suppressed enough to allow for the experimental tests of QCD in e+e annihilation which have been recently proposed.
Publication Stats
382  Citations  
84.34  Total Impact Points  
Top Journals
Institutions

19992012

University of Naples Federico II
 Department of Physical Sciences
Napoli, Campania, Italy


19771985

University of Geneva
 Department of Theoretical Physics
Genève, GE, Switzerland


19821983

Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas
Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
