[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Three doses of the investigational AS02(v)-adjuvanted hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine HB-AS02 have been shown to induce more rapid seroprotection and higher anti-HBs antibody concentrations in patients with renal insufficiency than four doses of FENDrix™ (HB-AS04), an adjuvanted HBV vaccine licensed in Europe for use in this population. This study evaluated persistence of immune response up to 36 months after primary vaccination.
In this open, international, Phase III follow-up study, 151 pre-dialysis, peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients ≥15 years of age received HB-AS02 at 0, 1, 6 months and 149 received HB-AS04 at 0, 1, 2, 6 months. Of these, 99 and 80 returned at Month 36, 76 and 62 of whom were eligible for inclusion in the Long-Term According-To-Protocol (LT-ATP) cohort for descriptive analysis of antibody persistence (mean age: 65.6 years).
At Month 36, 89.5% of subjects in the HB-AS02 group and 72.6% of those in the HB-AS04 group had anti-HBs antibody concentrations ≥10 mIU/ml. Anti-HBs antibody concentrations were ≥100 mIU/ml in 82.9% and 35.5% of subjects, respectively. Anti-HBs geometric mean antibody concentrations were higher in the HB-AS02 group over the 36 months of follow-up. An exploratory "time to boost" analysis confirmed that subjects who received HB-AS02 were 2.54 times more likely than those who received HB-AS04 to have anti-HBs antibody concentrations ≥10 mIU/ml at Month 36 (p=0.013 [95% CI: 1.22, 5.31]).
HB-AS02 candidate vaccine induces high and persistent anti-HBs antibody levels in pre-dialysis, peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients, potentially reducing the need for booster doses in this population.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An investigational AS02(v)-adjuvanted hepatitis B (HB-AS02) was compared with a licensed conventional recombinant hepatitis B vaccine (HBVAXPRO™; Sanofi Pasteur MSD, Lyon, France) in pre-dialysis, peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients aged ≥18 years who had failed either to respond to prior vaccination with a conventional hepatitis B vaccine (Study A; n=251) or to maintain protective antibody concentrations after prior hepatitis B vaccination (Study B; n=181). These were open, randomized, comparative trials. Mean (range) age was 65.9 (31-92) and 64.6 (29-92) years in the two studies, respectively. In Study A, two doses of HB-AS02 given one month apart were found to be superior to two doses of the licensed vaccine in terms of seroprotection rate (76.9% versus 37.6%) and anti-HBs geometric mean antibody concentration (GMC; 139.3 versus 6.9mIU/ml), with antibody concentrations ≥100mIU/ml in 61.1% and 15.4% of subjects in the two groups, respectively. In Study B, one month after administration of a single booster dose, seroprotection rates were 89.0% in the HB-AS02 group and 90.8% in the licensed vaccine group, 81.3% and 60.9% of subjects had antibody concentrations ≥100mIU/ml, and anti-HBs GMCs were 1726.8 and 189.5mIU/ml. HB-AS02 was found to be more reactogenic than the licensed vaccine. In summary, the investigational HB-AS02 vaccine induced higher seroprotection rates and anti-HBs GMCs than a licensed conventional hepatitis B vaccine in uremic patients who had failed to respond or to maintain protective antibody titers after prior hepatitis B vaccination.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: HB-AS02 is an investigational adjuvanted hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine for potential use in patients with renal insufficiency and other immunocompromized individuals. In this Phase III lot-to-lot consistency study, 450 healthy adult volunteers who had not previously been vaccinated against HBV were randomized to one of three production lots of HB-AS02 at 0 and 1 month and followed until one month after the last vaccine dose. Lot-to-lot consistency was established. High seroprotection rates were already achieved after the first vaccine dose (75.9%). All subjects were seroprotected (anti-HBs antibody concentrations ≥10 mIU/ml) after two doses, with all but one subject achieving anti-HBs antibody concentrations ≥100 mIU/ml (99.7%). Geometric mean anti-HBs antibody concentration was 4594.5 mIU/ml. Local and general symptoms were reported after 80.7% and 45.5% of doses, respectively. However, these were mainly of mild or moderate severity and no subject withdrew from the study due to adverse events.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The adjuvanted hepatitis B vaccine, HB-AS04, elicits more rapid and persistent protective antibody concentrations than double doses of conventional recombinant vaccines in patients with renal insufficiency. We compared the immunogenicity, reactogenicity, and safety of the AS02(V)-adjuvanted hepatitis B vaccine HB-AS02 with that of HB-AS04. In this phase III, open, randomized study, 151 hepatitis B vaccine-naïve pre-dialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and hemodialysis patients aged 15 years and older received three doses of HB-AS02 at 0, 1, and 6 months. Another 149 similar patients received four doses of HB-AS04 at 0, 1, 2, and 6 months, and all were followed up for 12 months. HB-AS02 elicited more rapid and persistent seroprotection than HB-AS04, with rates of 77 and 39%, respectively, 1 month after the second vaccine dose, and 94 and 79%, respectively, at 12 months. Superiority of HB-AS02 over HB-AS04 in anti-hepatitis B geometric mean concentrations was found at all time points. HB-AS02 was more reactogenic than HB-AS04, but adverse events were mainly transient, of mild to moderate intensity with no reportable vaccine-related serious events. We conclude that a three-dose primary course of HB-AS02 induced more rapid, enhanced, and persistent protection in patients with renal insufficiency than the licensed four-dose primary schedule of HB-AS04. This adjuvanted vaccine affords greater protection with reduced need for booster doses in patients at high risk of hepatitis B infection.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2009 · Kidney International