[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two different cellobiohydrolases, CBHI and CBHII, of the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei both hydrolyse highly crystalline cellulose. Cellulolytic strains of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae were constructed by transferring cDNAs coding for these enzymes into yeast on an expression plasmid. These cellulolytic yeasts were able to secrete efficiently the large, heterologous proteins to the culture medium. The recombinant cellulases were observed to be heterogeneous in Mr due, at least partly, to variable N-glycosylation. Recombinant CBHII was able to bind to crystalline cellulose, although slightly less efficiently than the native enzyme. Both of the two recombinant cellulases were able to degrade amorphous cellulose. In a fermenter cultivation, around 100 μg/ml of CBHII was secreted into the yeast growth medium.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The cDNA copies of the two endo-β-1,4-glucanase genes, egl1 and egl3, from the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei were expressed in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae under the control of the yeast phosphoglycerate kinase gene promoter. Active EGI and EGIII enzyme was produced and secreted by yeast into the growth medium. The recombinant EGI enzyme was larger and more heterogeneous in size than the native enzyme secreted by Trichoderma, due to differences in the extent of N-glycosylation between these two organisms. The morphology of the yeast cells producing EGI or EGIII was clearly different from control strain.