Cezary J Mądrzak

Poznań University of Life Sciences, Posen, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (4)14.66 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: It was previously demonstrated that there are no indigenous strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum forming nitrogen-fixing root nodule symbioses with soybean plants in arable field soils in Poland. However, bacteria currently classified within this species are present (together with B. canariense) as indigenous populations of strains specific for nodulation of legumes in the Genisteae tribe. These rhizobia, infecting legumes such as lupins, are well established in Polish soils. The studies described here were based on soybean nodulation field experiments, established at the Poznan University of Life Sciences Experiment Station in Gorzyń, and initiated in the spring of 1994. Long term research was then conducted in order to study the relation between B. japonicum USDA 110 and USDA 123, introduced together into the same location, where no soybean rhizobia were earlier detected, and nodulation and competitive success were followed over time. Here we report the extra-long-term saprophytic survival of B. japonicum strains nodulating soybeans that were introduced as inoculants 20 years earlier and where soybeans were not grown for the last 17 years. The strains remained viable and symbiotically competent, and molecular and immunochemical methods showed that strains were undistinguishable from the original inoculum strains USDA110 and USDA123. We also show that the strains had balanced numbers and their mobility in soil was low. To our knowledge, this is the first report showing the extra long term persistence of soybean-nodulating strains introduced into Polish soils and the first analyzing long term competitive relations of USDA 110 and USDA 123 when both strains were not native and were introduced to the environment almost two decades ago. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Applied and Environmental Microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: Plant interactions with environmental factors cause changes in the metabolism and regulation of biochemical and physiological processes. Plant defense against pathogenic microorganisms depends on an innate immunity system that is activated as a result of infection. There are two mechanisms of triggering this system: basal immunity activated as a result of a perception of microbe-associated molecular patterns through pattern recognition receptors situated on the cell surface and effector-triggered immunity (ETI). An induced biosynthesis of bioactive secondary metabolites, in particular phytoalexins, is one of the mechanisms of plant defense to fungal infection. Results of the study on narrow leaf lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) plants infected with the anthracnose fungus Colletotrichum lupini and treated with fungal phytotoxic metabolites are described in the paper. The C. lupini phytotoxins were isolated from liquid cultures, purified and partially characterized with physicochemical methods. Accumulation of secondary metabolites on leaf surface and within the tissues of plants either infected, treated with the fungal phytotoxin or submitted to both treatments was studied using GC-MS and LC-MS, respectively. Substantial differences in isoflavone aglycones and glycoconjugate profiles occurred in response to different ways of plant treatment. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11306-012-0475-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Metabolomics
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    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · Metabolomics
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    ABSTRACT: Forty three Bradyrhizobium strains isolated in Poland from root nodules of lupin species (Lupinus albus, L. angustifolius and L. luteus), and pink serradella (Ornithopus sativus) were examined based on phylogenetic analyses of three housekeeping (atpD, glnII and recA) and nodulation (nodA) gene sequences. Additionally, seven strains originating from root-nodules of yellow serradella (O. compressus) from Asinara Island (Italy) were included in this study. Phylogenetic trees revealed that 15 serradella strains, including all yellow serradella isolates, and six lupin strains grouped in Bradyrhizobium canariense (BC) clade, whereas eight strains from pink serradella and 15 lupin strains were assigned to Bradyrhizobium japonicum (BJ1). Apparently, these species are the two dominant groups in soils of central Europe, in the nodules of lupin and serradella plants. Only three strains belonged to other chromosomal lineages: one formed a cluster that was sister to B. canariense, one strain grouped outside the branch formed by B. japonicum super-group, and one strain occupied a distant position in the genus Bradyrhizobium, clustering with strains of the Rhodopseudomonas genus. All strains in nodulation nodA gene tree grouped in a cluster referred to as Clade II, which is in line with earlier data on this clade dominance among Bradyrhizobium strains in Europe. The nodA tree revealed four well-supported subgroups within Clade II (II.1-II.4). Interestingly, all B. canariense strains clustered in subgroup II.1 whereas B. japonicum strains dominated subgroups II.2-II.4.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2011 · Systematic and Applied Microbiology