[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Baseline data are summarized from a study examining the psychometric properties of the Neuropsychological Test Battery (NTB) and its subtests, and correlating the NTB with other cognitive and functional assessments. A multicenter, longitudinal, non-interventional study included mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD, n = 196), mild cognitive impairment (MCI, n = 70), or normal cognition participants (NC, n = 75). The NTB, other cognitive assessment tools, functional/behavioral questionnaires, and health outcome assessments were administered. At baseline composite NTB, NTB memory, and NTB executive function z-scores were significantly lower for participants with AD compared with MCI, and for participants with MCI compared with NC. The composite NTB z-score had high test-retest reliability between screening and baseline. The results of this study suggest that NTB exhibits good reliability in patients with mild to moderate AD and MCI.
No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · The Clinical Neuropsychologist
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Background:
Functional impairment is a core symptom of Alzheimer's disease (AD) often measured by loss of ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL). The objective is to describe the progressive loss of specific ADL functional capabilities expressed by AD patients' cognitive ability.
Data are from ELN-AIP-901, an observational study of cognitive progression in participants aged 50-85 with AD (n = 196), mild cognitive impairment (n = 70), or cognitively normal (n = 75). Participants were evaluated using the Mini-Mental Status Exam (MMSE) and the Disability Assessment for Dementia (DAD) every six months for ≤2 years. Hierarchical regression was used to estimate annual change in DAD and MMSE; first, by individuals' rate of change using linear regression, then controlling for baseline diagnosis.
Over a two-year period, in AD participants, a 1-point change in MMSE was associated with a 3-point change in DAD (2.79, 95% CI: 1.97-3.63); DAD items within the finance, medication, and outings subdomains were impacted earlier than other subdomains; a hierarchy of functional impairment was observed, with instrumental ADL generally impaired prior to basic ADL.
ADL are impacted in a progressive and hierarchical manner associated with cognitive decline, but substantial variability remains among individuals, as well as in the relative order of items affected.
No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · International Psychogeriatrics