Publications (9)14.79 Total impact

Article: Reduced dimensionality and spatial entanglement in highly anisotropic BoseEinstein condensates
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ABSTRACT: We investigate the reduced dimensionality of highly anisotropic BoseEinstein condensates (BECs) in connection to the entanglement between its spatial degrees of freedom. We argue that the reduceddimensionality of the BEC is physically meaningful in a regime where spatial correlations are negligible. We handle the problem analytically within the meanfield approximation for general quasionedimensional (1D) and twodimensional (2D) geometries, and obtain the optimal reduceddimension, purestate description of the condensate mean field. We give explicit solutions to the case of harmonic potentials, which we compare against exact numerical integration of the threedimensional (3D) GrossPitaevskii equation.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We study the meanfield dynamics and the reduceddimension character of twomode BoseEinstein condensates (BECs) in highly anisotropic traps. By means of perturbative techniques, we show that the tightly confined (transverse) degrees of freedom can be decoupled from the dynamical equations at the expense of introducing additional effective threebody, attractive, intra and intermode interactions into the dynamics of the loosely confined (longitudinal) degrees of freedom. These effective interactions are mediated by changes in the transverse wave function. The perturbation theory is valid as long as the nonlinear scattering energy is small compared to the transverse energy scales. This approach leads to reduceddimension meanfield equations that optimally describe the evolution of a twomode condensate in general quasi1D and quasi2D geometries. We use this model to investigate the relative phase and density dynamics of a twomode, cigarshaped $^{87}$Rb BEC. We study the relativephase dynamics in the context of a nonlinear Ramsey interferometry scheme, which has recently been proposed as a novel platform for highprecision interferometry. Numerical integration of the coupled, timedependent, threedimensional, twomode GrossPitaevskii equations for various atom numbers shows that this model gives a considerably more refined analytical account of the meanfield evolution than an idealized quasi1D description.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We investigate the emergence of threedimensional behavior in a reduceddimension BoseEinstein condensate trapped by a highly anisotropic potential. We handle the problem analytically by performing a perturbative Schmidt decomposition of the condensate wave function between the tightly confined (transverse) direction(s) and the loosely confined (longitudinal) direction(s). The perturbation theory is valid when the nonlinear scattering energy is small compared to the transverse energy scales. Our approach provides a straightforward way, first, to derive corrections to the transverse and longitudinal wave functions of the reduceddimension approximation and, second, to calculate the amount of entanglement that arises between the transverse and longitudinal spatial directions. Numerical integration of the threedimensional GrossPitaevskii equation for different cigarshaped potentials and experimentally accessible parameters reveals good agreement with our analytical model even for relatively high nonlinearities. In particular, we show that even for such stronger nonlinearities the entanglement remains remarkably small, which allows the condensate to be well described by a product wave function that corresponds to a single Schmidt term.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We investigate the effects of the emergence of threedimensional behavior on a quasionedimensional BoseEinstein condensate (BEC) trapped by a highly elongated potential. By analytically performing the Schmidt decomposition of the condensate wave function in the perturbative regime, we derive corrections to the 1D approximation due to the reshaping of the BEC in the tightly confined direction with increasing nonlinearity strength. This approach provides a straight forward way to redefine the transverse and longitudinal wave functions as well as to calculate the amount of entanglement that arises between the two spatial directions. Numerical integration of the threedimensional GrossPitaevskii equation for different trapping potentials and experimentally accessible parameters reveals good agreement with our analytical model even for relatively high nonlinearities. In particular, we show that even for such stronger nonlinearities the entanglement remains remarkably small, which allows the condensate to be well described by a separable wave function that corresponds to a single Schmidt term.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We analyze a proposed experiment [Boixo et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 040403 (2008)] for achieving sensitivity scaling better than $1/N$ in a nonlinear Ramsey interferometer that uses a twomode BoseEinstein condensate (BEC) of $N$ atoms. We present numerical simulations that confirm the analytical predictions for the effect of the spreading of the BEC groundstate wave function on the ideal $1/N^{3/2}$ scaling. Numerical integration of the coupled, timedependent, twomode GrossPitaevskii equations allows us to study the several simplifying assumptions made in the initial analytic study of the proposal and to explore when they can be justified. In particular, we find that the two modes share the same spatial wave function for a length of time that is sufficient to run the metrology scheme.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We discuss a quantummetrology protocol designed to estimate a physical parameter in a BoseEinstein condensate of N atoms, and we show that the measurement uncertainty can decrease faster than 1/N. The 1/N scaling is usually thought to be the best possible in any measurement scheme. From the perspective of quantum information theory, we outline the main idea that leads to a measurement uncertainty that scales better than 1/N. We examine in detail some potential problems and challenges that arise in implementing such a measurement protocol using a BoseEinstein condensate. We discuss how some of these issues can be dealt with by using lowerdimensional condensates trapped in nonharmonic potentials.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We analyze in detail the recently proposed experiment [Boixo et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 040403 (2008)] for achieving better than 1/N scaling in a quantum metrology protocol using a two mode BoseEinstein condensate of N atoms. There were several simplifying assumptions in the original proposal that made it easy to see how a scaling approaching 1/N^3/2 may be obtained. We look at these assumptions in detail to see when they may be justified. We present numerical results that confirm our theoretical predictions for the effect of the spreading of the BEC wave function with increasing N on the scaling. Numerical integration of the coupled GrossPitaevskii equations for the two mode BEC also shows that the assumption that the two modes share the same spatial wave function is justified for a length of time that is sufficient to run the metrology scheme.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We show how a generalized quantum metrology protocol can be implemented in a two‐mode Bose‐Einstein condensate of n atoms, achieving a sensitivity that scales better than 1/n and approaches 1/n 3/2 for appropriate design of the condensate.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Questions about quantum limits on measurement precision were once viewed from the perspective of how to reduce or avoid the effects of quantum noise. With the advent of quantum information science came a paradigm shift to proving rigorous bounds on measurement precision. These bounds have been interpreted as saying, first, that the best achievable sensitivity scales as 1/n, where n is the number of particles one has available for a measurement and, second, that the only way to achieve this Heisenberglimited sensitivity is to use quantum entanglement. We review these results and show that using quadratic couplings of n particles to a parameter to be estimated, one can achieve sensitivities that scale as 1/n^2 if one uses entanglement, but even in the absence of any entanglement at any time during the measurement protocol, one can achieve a superHeisenberg scaling of 1/n^(3/2)
Publication Stats
61  Citations  
14.79  Total Impact Points  
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Institutions

20092013

University of New Mexico
 Department of Physics & Astronomy
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States
