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Publications (2)16.19 Total impact

  • R Thomas · W Bridge · K Benke · M Breen
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    ABSTRACT: An extensive number of genes have been implicated in the initiation and progression of human cancers, aiding our understanding of the genetic aetiology of this highly heterogeneous disease. In order to facilitate extrapolation of such information between species, we have isolated and physically mapped the canine orthologues of 25 well-characterised human cancer-related genes. The identity of PCR products representing each canine gene marker was first confirmed by DNA sequencing analysis. Each product was then radiolabelled and used to screen a genomic BAC library for the domestic dog. The chromosomal location of each positive clone in the canine karyotype was determined by fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) onto canine metaphase preparations. Of the 25 genes, the FISH localisation of 21 correlated fully with that expected on the basis of known regions of conserved synteny between the human and canine genomes. Three correlated less closely, and the chromosomal location of the remaining marker showed no apparent correlation with current comparative mapping data. In addition to generating useful comparative mapping information, this panel of markers will act as a valuable resource for detailed study of candidate genes likely to be involved in tumourigenesis, and also forms the basis of a canine cancer-gene genomic microarray currently being developed for the study of unbalanced genomic aberrations in canine tumours.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2003 · Cytogenetic and Genome Research
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    ABSTRACT: We present here the first fully integrated, comprehensive map of the canine genome, incorporating detailed cytogenetic, radiation hybrid (RH), and meiotic information. We have mapped a collection of 266 chromosome-specific cosmid clones, each containing a microsatellite marker, to all 38 canine autosomes by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). A 1500-marker RH map, comprising 1078 microsatellites, 320 dog gene markers, and 102 chromosome-specific markers, has been constructed using the RHDF5000-2 whole-genome radiation hybrid panel. Meiotic linkage analysis was performed, with at least one microsatellite marker from each dog autosome on a panel of reference families, allowing one meiotic linkage group to be anchored to all 38 dog autosomes. We present a karyotype in which each chromosome is identified by one meiotic linkage group and one or more RH groups. This updated integrated map, containing a total of 1800 markers, covers >90% of the dog genome. Positional selection of anchor clones enabled us, for the first time, to orientate nearly all of the integrated groups on each chromosome and to evaluate the extent of individual chromosome coverage in the integrated genome map. Finally, the inclusion of 320 dog genes into this integrated map enhances existing comparative mapping data between human and dog, and the 1000 mapped microsatellite markers constitute an invaluable tool with which to perform genome scanning studies on pedigrees of interest.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2001 · Genome Research