[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim:
To determine factors associated with face presentation of term fetuses delivered.
Of 34,480 consecutive, term deliveries of uncomplicated pregnancies within a 3-year period, all live, singleton term fetuses with cephalic presentation in which no lethal anomalies occurred that were diagnosed with a face presentation were studied. Factors that may have contributed to the etiology of the presentation including age, parity and fetal size were evaluated. Ultrasonographic evaluation was recorded.
Fifty cases were diagnosed with an incidence of 0.14%. Parity was not associated with face presentation. Birthweight of 4000 g or more indicated an increased risk of approximately 2.9-fold, whereas fetuses weighing 3000-3499 g were found to have a relatively decreased risk of face presentation when compared with the general obstetrics group (P = 0.015 and 0.001, risk ratio = 2.948 and 0.450, respectively). With physical examination, only 70% were diagnosed correctly.
Face presentation is a rare event and birthweight more than 4000 g was found to be associated with face presentation. Parity is not an associated factor.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Premature labor is still the leading cause of infant mortality and morbidity worldwide. Multiple etiological factors including genetics and environment are held responsible for preterm birth. However, scientific data regarding the link between premature birth and genetics are limited.
In this study, we included 50 women who had premature labor (group 1) but did not have any known risks for a premature delivery such as uterine anomaly, polyhydramnios, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, and another 50 healthy women who had term labor as control (group 2). We compared these two patient groups for MTHFR C677T, MTHFR C1298T, prothrombin 20210A, factor V and ACE polymorphisms.
We could not detect a statistical significance between groups for polymorphisms in MTHFR C677T, MTHFR C1298T, prothrombin 20210A, factor V and ACE polymorphisms.
We investigated the relationship between premature and term labor and thrombophilic gene polymorphism. However, we found no associations with premature or term labor with the parameters included.
No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between leptin and bone mineral density in postmenopausal Turkish women. A total of 122 healthy postmenopausal women were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Blood samples were obtained for analysis of serum leptin. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar spine, femoral neck and trochanter on the same day. Leptin levels was significantly correlated with BMD of L(1-4) (P = 0.04), but not of femoral neck (P = 0.13), and trochanter (P = 0.39). However, Z scores of L(1-4) (P = 0.009), femur neck (P = 0.009), and femur trochanter (P = 0.025) were positively correlated with leptin levels. In multiple linear regression analysis, leptin was not found to be a statistically significant independent predictor for BMD. Leptin was associated with BMD and Z scores at various body sites; however, it was not an independent predictor of BMD.
No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Rheumatology International
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the research was to reveal vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) immunolocalization in endometrioma cysts and endometrial tissues. The study group (group1) included 15 patients laparoscopically operated on for endometrioma and the control group (group 2) included 13 patients prepared for diagnostic laparoscopy for primary infertility. Biopsies from endometrioma cyst capsules, disease-free peritoneum and pipelle biopsies from the endometrium were taken from group 1. Biopsies from parietal peritoneum and endometrium were taken from group 2. Results showed VEGF immunoreactivity of peritoneal biopsies of group 1 was more intense than that of the control biopsies. A positive correlation was seen between the diameter of cyst capsules and VEGF labeling intensity and as the size of cyst enlarged, the appearance of non-homogeneous distribution of VEGF immunolocalization became more frequent. We conclude that the variation of VEGF immunolocalization in endometrioma cysts may be attributed to other possible angiogenic molecules in the pathogenesis and may cause unexpected responses to anti-angiogenic therapies.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine which variables are associated with postpartum length of hospital stay in eclamptic patients.
The study sample comprised 98 eclamptic patients who were admitted to our perinatology unit during the period between January 1998 and May 2003. The study sample was divided into two postpartum length-of-stay groups: the short-stay group (1-3 days) consisted of 33 patients and the long-stay group (4 days and longer) consisted of 65 patients. The groups were compared with respect to the demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory variables, and complications.
The mean hospitalization periods for the short-stay and long-stay groups were 2.48 +/- 0.79 and 5.60 +/- 2.12 days, respectively ( p = 0.010). The mean prepartum follow-up period after the onset of eclampsia was longer in the long-stay group than in the short-stay group (12.11 +/- 27.63 vs. 5.08 +/- 6.08 hours). The proportion of patients receiving magnesium sulfate therapy longer than 12 hours was higher in the long-stay group ( p = 0.014). The long-stay group had higher diastolic arterial blood pressure than that of the short-stay group ( p = 0.006). The total cesarean delivery rate for the short-stay group was 48.5%, compared with 67.7% in the long-stay group ( p = 0.081).
The duration of magnesium therapy, the timing, and the mode of delivery should be individualized to reduce the length of hospital stay in eclamptic patients.
No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the effects of Ramadan fasting on dietary intakes, nutritional status and biochemical parameters of Turkish pregnant women.
We carried out this study at Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Care and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey from October 15th to November 13th 2004. Forty-nine fasting group and 49 non-fasting group (control group) voluntarily enrolled for the study. We analyzed the blood biochemical parameters of pregnant women and obtained the dietary intakes from the groups.
Compared to the control group, weight gain and energy intake (p<0.05 for second and third trimesters) was less in the fasting group. The percentage of protein (p<0.05 for first and second trimesters) and carbohydrates (p<0.05 for all trimesters) from total energy was higher in the fasting group than in the control group. We noticed a slight increase in the fasting blood glucose, serum total cholesterol high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglycerides (p<0.05 for first trimester) concentrations in the fasting group during Ramadan. However, we found decreased levels in the plasma urea, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and total protein and albumin levels of the fasting group in comparison with the control group. Dietary mineral and vitamin intakes were lower than the recommended daily allowance, except vitamin A and vitamin C in both groups.
Based on the results of the present study, Ramadan fasting had no significant adverse effect on the health of pregnant women.
No preview · Article · Nov 2005 · Saudi medical journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the patient-related factors associated with severe perineal lacerations in nulliparous women and to evaluate the effect of episiotomy type on the risk of severe perineal tears.
In all, 400 nulliparous women admitted in labor between June and December 2001 were prospectively enrolled. Maternal height, perineal length, fetal birth weight, fetal head circumference, and severe perineal lacerations (third and fourth degrees) were recorded.
The rate of severe perineal lacerations was 2% (8/400); 3% with midline, 1% with mediolateral groups. In patients with severe lacerations, perineal length was significantly (p < 0.001) shorter and the head circumference of their babies in the midline significantly (p < 0.05) greater than normal, and birth weights were also significantly (p < 0.05) greater in the mediolateral group. A cut-off value for perineal length of 3.05 cm was found for severe lacerations in the midline group.
If episiotomy is to be performed, it must be borne in mind that patients with a perineal length of < or = 3 cm have an elevated risk of severe perineal lacerations, and if clinical or ultrasound examination suggests that the fetal head is large, mediolateral episiotomy may be preferred. Otherwise, midline episiotomy must be considered.
No preview · Article · Jul 2005 · European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective was to determine the value of office hysteroscopy in the diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia by comparing the patients who had hysteroscopic diagnosis of hyperplasia with the results of histopathologic examinations, and to try to describe the visual criteria.
Two hundred and sixteen premenopausal and 114 postmenopausal patients who were admitted to the endoscopic surgery department between January 2000 and March 2001 were enrolled. Visual diagnoses of endometrial hyperplasia with office hysteroscopy were compared with the histopathological results of the endometrial specimen.
Pathology confirmed 50 of the 70 hysteroscopically-diagnosed hyperplasia patients. The positive predictive value of office hysteroscopy was 71.4% and the negative predictive value was 95.4% in the diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia.
The accuracy of hysteroscopic evaluation of the uterine cavity is extremely encouraging. Office hysteroscopy, which has a high diagnostic reliability and minimal discomfort, appears to be an ideal method of diagnosis and follow-up of patients with endometrial hyperplasia.
No preview · Article · Apr 2005 · Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of serum βhCG levels in discrimination of intact tubal pregnancies from ruptured tubal pregnancies. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: A training hospital; Turkey Patients: Consecutively seen patients from September 1998 to December 2002 with tubal ectopic pregnancies confirmed by laparoscopy and or laparatomy. Results: 189 patients with tubal ectopic pregnancies were included in the study. 151 cases were confirmed by laparoscopy and or laparatomy. 39 patients had tubal rupture and active bleeding. 121 patients were found to have intact tubes. There was a positive correlation between serum βhCG levels and the size of ectopic pregnancies (p<0.001). The mean size of ectopic pregnancies in the ruptured group was 32.8 SEM 1.7 and 44.1 SEM 3.1 in the ruptured group (p<0.001). However, no significant correlation was found between serum βhCG levels and the tubal status (p=0.917). Conclusion: There is no correlation between serum βhCG levels and the tubal status in the tubal ectopic pregnancies, so preoperative serum βhCG levels cannot be used in prediction of tubal integrity.
Preview · Article · Dec 2004 · Middle East Fertility Society Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the relationship between serum leptin concentration, serum lipid profile and other blood biochemistry parameters in healthy post-menopausal women. Blood samples for analysis of serum leptin concentration, blood biochemistry and hormonal status, and urine samples for calcium measurement were taken from 122 women. No significant correlation was found between serum leptin concentration and serum lipid profile. The concentration of serum leptin was significantly associated with body mass index (BMI), luteinizing hormone (LH) and alanine transaminase (ALT). BMI was found to be a statistically significant independent factor for serum leptin concentration. We conclude that leptin was not associated with serum lipids and lipoproteins in post-menopausal women. Leptin was associated with BMI, ALT and LH, however, with BMI being an independent predictor of leptin concentration. There was a relationship between LH and serum leptin concentration even after menopause, and ALT correlated with serum leptin concentration through BMI.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2004 · The Journal of international medical research