[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Early diagnosis is a key factor in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although mass screening is widely used, little is known about its accuracy and efficacy. This study investigated whether using spirometry during mass screening to detect COPD among community residents might be ineffective because of variability in the training and experience of examiners.
Both spirometry and a self-written questionnaire-based survey, including questions designed to detect respiratory symptoms, were conducted on community residents. Two separate studies were conducted on islanders living in similar environments. Study I was performed from 2004 to 2007 on Hachijyo Island residents, while study II, with a similar study design, was performed in 2003 on Inno Island residents.
In study I, 3,592 subjects underwent examination over the 4-year study period; of these, 378 subjects underwent repeated examinations. Approximately 25% of the subjects had respiratory symptoms. Acceptable spirometry recordings were obtained for 62.0% (2004) to 84.1% (2006) of the subjects. In study II, 167 of the 254 subjects (65.7%) had respiratory symptoms. Acceptable assessment recordings were achieved in 254 subjects (95.5%). The suitability of the recordings was influenced by the extent/level of training of the examiners and the accompanying thoracic specialists.
We concluded that the effectiveness of health check-ups for COPD evaluation using spirometry was greatly influenced by the quality of the examiners, even when the subjects had respiratory symptoms. Thus, we recommend caution when screening for early signs of COPD during health check-ups.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Internal Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Limited data are available on the association between the severity of emphysema or airway narrowing, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which has been seen to be more prevalent among elderly subjects. The aim of this study was to examine the association between HRQOL, physical parameters and structural alterations in lung of COPD patients.
Stable COPD patients (n = 125; mean age 71.0) were studied. Both the severity of emphysema, which was expressed as the extent of the low-attenuation area (LAA%), and percentage of the large airway wall area (WA%) on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) were compared with various parameters of the generic and HRQOL, respectively, together with pulmonary function tests and exercise capacity.
The predicted value of forced expiratory volume in 1 s was significantly associated with both LAA% and WA%, but the diffusion capacity was strongly correlated with LAA% alone. Parameters of the generic and HRQOL, and almost all other parameters appeared to be significantly associated with LAA% alone, whereas no association was observed between WA% and QOL.
We concluded that the severity of emphysema, but not that of large airway narrowing on HRCT, is associated with both generic and health-related QOL and reduced diffusion capacity. This notion might provide useful information in practice among elderly subjects who are unable to perform a spirometry.
No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Geriatrics & Gerontology International