[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PP5 is a unique member of serine/threonine phosphatases comprising a regulatory tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domain and functions in signaling pathways that control many cellular responses. We reported previously that Ca(2+)/S100 proteins directly associate with several TPR-containing proteins and lead to dissociate the interactions of TPR proteins with their client proteins. Here, we identified protein phosphatase 5 (PP5) as a novel target of S100 proteins. In vitro binding studies demonstrated that S100A1, S100A2, S100A6, and S100B proteins specifically interact with PP5-TPR and inhibited the PP5-Hsp90 interaction. In addition, the S100 proteins activate PP5 by using a synthetic phosphopeptide and a physiological protein substrate, Tau. Overexpression of S100A1 in COS-7 cells induced dephosphorylation of Tau. However, S100A1 and permanently active S100P inhibited the apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) and PP5 interaction, resulting the inhibition of dephosphorylation of phospho-ASK1 by PP5. The association of the S100 proteins with PP5 provides a Ca(2+)-dependent regulatory mechanism for the phosphorylation status of intracellular proteins through the regulation of PP5 enzymatic activity or PP5-client protein interaction.
No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We developed a method for the detection of phosphatase activity using fluorogenic substrates after polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. When phosphatases such as Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase phosphatase (CaMKP), protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C), protein phosphatase 5 (PP5), and alkaline phosphatase were resolved by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the absence of SDS and the gel was incubated with a fluorogenic substrate such as 4-methylumbelliferyl phosphate (MUP), all of these phosphatase activities could be detected in situ. Although 6,8-difluoro-4-methylumbelliferyl phosphate (DiFMUP) as well as MUP could be used as a fluorogenic substrate for an in-gel assay, MUP exhibited lower background fluorescence. Using this procedure, several fluorescent bands that correspond to endogenous phosphatases were observed after electrophoresis of various crude samples. The in-gel phosphatase assay could also be used to detect protein phosphatases resolved by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In this case, however, the denaturation/renaturation process of resolved proteins was necessary for the detection of phosphatase activity. This procedure could be used for detection of renaturable protein phosphatases such as CaMKP and some other phosphatases expressed in cell extracts. The present fluorescent in-gel phosphatase assay is very useful, since no radioactive compounds or no special apparatus are required.
No preview · Article · May 2010 · Analytical Biochemistry