[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autosomal dominant HIES (AD-HIES) is a primary immunodeficiency caused by dominant negative mutations in STAT3 clustered in the DNA binding and SH2 domains. Although in vitro differences in mutational constructs are observed, clinical phenotypic correlates of these genetic changes have not been described. We reviewed the charts of 65 AD-HIES patients (DNA binding n=35; SH2 n=30), recorded the components of the NIH HIES clinical scoring system as well as brain and coronary artery abnormalities and analyzed data by mutation region in adults and children. Patients with SH2 domain mutations had increased frequency of high palate, broad inter-alar distance, upper respiratory tract infections and, in the pediatric sub-group, significant scoliosis. There was suggestion of increased mortality for patients with DNA binding mutations. Although subtle differences in phenotype were observed to depend on the STAT3 genotype, overall the clinical phenotypes were similar between individuals with DNA binding and SH2 domain mutations.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Hyper-IgE recurrent infection syndrome (HIES or Job's syndrome) is a rare disorder affecting the immune system and connective tissues. The purpose of this study is to describe the coronary abnormalities in genetically confirmed HIES patients as depicted by coronary MDCT angiography (MDCTA). CONCLUSION: Coronary MDCTA has provided an opportunity for noninvasive evaluation of the coronary arteries in patients with HIES. These coronary abnormalities vary from tortuosity to ectatic dilation and focal aneurysms of the coronary arteries. Such an evaluation has potential value in identifying new aspects of this disease and thereby providing better understanding of the pathophysiology of the disorder.
Preview · Article · Dec 2009 · American Journal of Roentgenology