Xiao-bo Wang

Anhui Medical University, Luchow, Anhui Sheng, China

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Publications (4)4.59 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of lower respiratory infection in infants. It is very important to quantitative assay of RSV titer in the study on RSV pathogenesis, candidate vaccine and antiviral treatment. Therefore, we develop Real-time Quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) assay and enzyme immunospots (EIS) for titrating RSV and compare them with traditional 50% tissue culture infectious doses (TCID50). Q-PCR, based upon the RSV-L genes, and EIS were utilized to titrate samples from RSV culture supernatants and RSV infected mouse lungs. Then, the results were compared with TCID50. For the samples from RSV culture supernatants, the ratio of Q-PCR and EIS (plaque forming unit, pfu) was 10:1 and the ratio of EIS and TCID50 was 10:1 when TCID50 was converted as pfu. For the samples from RSV infected mouse lungs, the ratio of Q-PCR and EIS was 1000:1 and the ratio of EIS and TCID50 was 5:1. We have successfully established Q-PCR and EIS to titrate RSV and compared them with TCID50. We concluded EIS is a cost-effective method to titrate RSV.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology
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    ABSTRACT: Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), for which no clinically approved vaccine is available yet, is globally a serious pediatric pathogen of the lower respiratory tract. Several approaches have been used to develop vaccines against RSV, but none of these have been approved for use in humans. An efficient vaccine-enhancing strategy for RSV is still urgently needed. We found previously that oral SL7207/pcDNA3.1/F and intranasal FGAd/F were able to induce an effective protective immune response against RSV. The heterologous prime-boost immunization regime has been reported recently to be an efficient vaccine-enhancing strategy. Therefore, we investigated the ability of an oral SL7207/pcDNA3.1/F prime and intranasal (i.n.) FGAd/F boost regimen to generate immune responses to RSV. The SL7207/pcDNA3.1/F prime-FGAd/F boost regimen generated stronger RSV-specific humoral and mucosal immune responses in BALB/c mice than the oral SL7207/pcDNA3.1/F regimen alone, and stronger specific cellular immune responses than the i.n. FGAd/F regimen alone. Histopathological analysis showed an increased efficacy against RSV challenge by the heterologous prime-boost regimen. These results suggest that such a heterologous prime-boost strategy can enhance the efficacy of either the SL7207 or the FGAd vector regimen in generating immune responses in BALB/c mice.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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    ABSTRACT: Helper-dependent adenoviral (HDAd) vectors were developed primarily for genetic disease therapy by deleting all coding regions for attenuating the host cellular immune response to adenovirus (Ad) and long-lasting gene expression. Recently Harui et al. reported that HDAd vaccine could stimulate superior transgene-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and antibody responses via the intraperitoneal route, compared to first-generation adenoviral (FGAd) vaccine. This prompted us to explore the potential of HDAd as a vaccine vector administrated intranasally. In this study, we prepared HDAd and FGAd vectors expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP), respectively, and compared their efficacy in mice. Mice were immunized intranasally with 5x10(9) vp HDAd or FGAd vector particles. Despite stimulating similar anti-Ad antibody responses with FGAd vaccine in the prime/boost strategy, HDAd vector expressing EGFP displayed superior transgene-specific serum IgG, mucosal IgA and cellular immune response, with the characterization of balanced or mixed Th1/Th2 CD4+ T-cell responses. Meanwhile, a single dose of intranasal (i.n.) vaccine of HDAd-EGFP induced a serum IgG response with more efficacy than FGAd-EGFP. In addition, i.n. boost immunization enhanced transgene-specific humoral and cellular responses, compared to single i.n. HDAd-EGFP immunization. Our results suggest that HDAd has potential for a mucosal vaccine vector via i.n. route, which will be useful for the development of vaccines against respiratory viruses, such as respiratory syncytial virus and influenza virus.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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    ABSTRACT: To study the expression and purification of a secreted form of fusion glycoprotein (sF) of human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) encoded by recombinant baculovirus. According the ORF of F protein, a pair of specific primers was designed and PCR technique was exploited to amplify the gene of sF in which the gene sequence of the transmembrane and cytoplasmic tail domains were replaced by a C-terminal six-histidine tag. Then, a recombinant baculovirus encoding sF-His was constructed, and transfected into sf9 insect cells by Lipofectamine cellfectine reagent. Finally, the expressed sF was purified by Ni2+ -affinity chromatograph. The gene encoding sF-His was obtained. The resulting construct of recombinant baculovirus is capable of expressing sF protein. The concentration of Ni2+ -affinity chromatograph purified sF is 1.084 mg/ml with the purity of no less than 90%. Baculovirus expression system is a good method for large scale of preparation of sF. The purified F paves the way for the development of potential RSV vaccine and diagnostic kit, etc.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology