[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer cells are more aggressive than ER-positive cells. Elevated levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) expression have been detected in cultured human breast cancer cells and are associated with negative hormone receptor status. In this study, we created ERalpha stable transfectants in MDA-MB-231 cells to explore the effect of ERalpha on cell growth and COX-2 and VEGF-C expression.
The green fluorescent protein (GFP)-ERalpha plasmids were stably transfected into ER-negative MDA-MB-231 cells. The proliferation and migration of untransfected MDA-MB-231 cells, ERalpha-transfected MDA-MB-231 cells and ER-positive MCF-7 cells were determined. The expression of COX-2, and the levels of VEGF-C mRNA and the VEGF-C secretion concentration were assayed in these cell lines.
The proliferation and migration capacities of ERalpha-tranfected MDA-MB-231 cells were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). The expression of COX-2 was significantly lower in ERalpha-tranfected MDA-MB-231 cells than in untranfected MDA-MB-231 cells. The mRNA and protein levels of VEGF-C were lower in ERalpha-tranfected MDA-MB-231 cells than in untransfected MDA-MB-231 cells (P < 0.05).
ERalpha stable transfection inhibits proliferation and migration capacities of MDA-MB-231 cells and decreases expression of COX-2 and VEGF-C. The decreases of proliferation and migration capacities may be related to suppression of COX-2 and VEGF-C expression.
Preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Chinese medical journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To construct a RNA interference expression vector targeting human telomerase reverse transcriptase gene (hTERT) gene and investigate its effects on telomerase activity and proliferation in breast cancer cells in vitro.
The shRNA sequences targeting hTERT gene were designed and recombined into pSuper-retro-puro vector. The breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB231 were transfected with the recombined vector, and the telomerase activity of the cells was tested by telomerase repeat sequence amplification-enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (TRAP-ELISA). The proliferation of the transfected cells was assessed using MTT and soft-agar clone formation assays.
The recombinant plasmids pSuper-retro-puro-TERT RNAi#1 and #2 were successfully constructed as confirmed by enzymatic digestion and DNA sequencing. The telomerase activity in the transfected breast cancer cells were down-regulated significantly as compared with that in negative control cells (Plt;0.005). The transfection resulted in significant inhibition of the proliferation of both MCF-7 and MDA-MB231 cells as detected by MTT assay (Plt;0.05) and soft agar clone formation assay (Plt;0.001).
Transfection with the recombinant plasmid containing the shRNA targeting hTERT gene can down-regulate telomerase activity and inhibit proliferation of breast cancer cells in vitro, suggesting the potential of gene therapy targeting telomerase in the treatment of breast cancer.
No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University