Jyh-I Wu

Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Taiwan, Kao-hsiung-shih, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

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Publications (2)3.72 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the prophylactic use of dexamethasone with sevoflurane in outpatient anorectal surgery. Randomized, controlled study. Operating room and Postanesthesia Care Unit of a general hospital. 60 adult, ASA physical status I and II outpatients undergoing anorectal surgery. Patients were randomized to receive either dexamethasone 5 mg intravenously (IV; Group D; n = 30) or an equal volume of saline (Group S; n = 30) before anesthesia induction. Anesthesia was induced with propofol 2.5 mg.kg(-1), fentanyl two microg.kg(-1), and 2% lidocaine one mg.kg(-1) followed by placement of a Laryngeal Mask Airway. Frequency of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores, and patient satisfaction were recorded. Frequency of PONV and VAS pain scores were significantly lower in Group D than Group S (P < 0.05). The time required for "home readiness" was significantly shorter in Group D than Group S (P < 0.05). The prophylactic administration of 5 mg dexamethasone IV can reduce the frequency of PONV, lower VAS pain scores, facilitate recovery to home readiness, and improve satisfaction in outpatients undergoing anorectal surgery.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Journal of clinical anesthesia
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    ABSTRACT: N-methyl-D-aspartate and other glutamate receptors have been shown to present on the peripheral axons of primary afferents, and peripheral injection of N-methyl-D-aspartate-receptor antagonists can suppress hyperalgesia and allodynia. Thus, this study examined postoperative analgesic and adverse effects of local ketamine administered postoperatively. Ketamine (0.3%, 3 mL) or saline was subcutaneously infiltrated before incision in a double-blind manner using a sample population of 40 patients undergoing circumcision surgery, equally and randomly assigned to 2 groups based on the treatment. The saline-infiltrated patients also received 9-mg intramuscular ketamine into the upper arm to control for any related systemic analgesic effects. The patients were followed up for 24 hours to determine postoperative analgesia and identify adverse effects. In the ketamine-infiltrated patients, the time interval until first analgesic demand (166 vs. 80 min) was longer and the incidence of pain-free status (pain score=0) during movement (45% vs. 10%) and erection (40% vs. 0%) was significantly higher than for the saline-treated analogs (P<0.05). The dose of ketorolac use and pain score during erection were significant lower in group ketamine patients. No significant differences were noted with respect to the incidence of adverse effects comparing the 2 groups. We conclude that preincisional subcutaneous ketamine infiltration can suppress postoperative pain after the circumcision surgery.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2007 · Clinical Journal of Pain